FROM WASTE TO SPECIAL PASTE presented by: Jhustine S. Sabico and Judy A. Miraflor (Fourth Year Students) Adviser: Mrs. Helen M. Bacho Co-Advisers: Ms. Rosalina L. Molina Mrs. Lucila V. Dizon Mr. Rolando R. Barcelon QUIRINO HIGH SCHOOL, Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines and at AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY, New York, USA April 21, 2014 FROM WASTE TO SPECIAL PASTE Jhustine S. Sabico IV-2 and; Judy A. Miraflor IV-3 April 21, 2014 INTRODUCTION The economic stability of our nation depends on the availability of the cheap sources of our products. Glue is commonly used in homes, schools and offices. Due to high cost and unaffordable of commercial branded glues, people would came to a certain thought of making home made glue. The home-made glue paste out of cigarette filters is a bit rough than commercial branded glues because of it’s substance – acetone [(CH3)2CO]. Findings of the study showed effective results in the production of glue paste out of cigarette filters. . DEFINITION OF TERMS Filters - porous article or mass (as of paper or sand) through which a gas or liquid is passed to separate out matter in suspension. Acetone is a volatile fragrant flammable liquid ketone C3H6O used chiefly as a solvent and in organic synthesis and found in abnormal quantities in diabetic urine. Water is the liquid that descends from the clouds as rain, forms streams, lakes, and seas, and is a major constituent of all living matter. Adhesive is to hold fast or stick by or as if by gluing, suction, grasping, or fusing. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM The purpose of this study is to diminish the waste from the cigarettes used by a smoker through exploring the potentials of cigarette filters as a glue paste and making them an alternative to the other commercial branded glue paste. 1. Are acetone and cigarette filter combination will work? 2. Are acetone and cigarette filter combination harm the environment or the people who will use it? 3. Is it comparable to the commercial ones in terms of: Texture Structural Duration Price Durability Color Stickiness Odor property 4. Is this study can help the growth of our economy? 5. Is there a significant relationship between the amount of acetone and cigarette filters to make a special paste/glue? OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY Specifically, the study aims to accomplish the following objectives: To prepare a cheaper yet durable glue paste out of cigarette filters and acetone [(CH3)2CO]; To compare the effectiveness of a used cigarette filters and acetone [(CH3)2CO] to the leading commercial brands; To test the cigarette filters’ components with acetone by mixing them together; To show the effectiveness of acetone to the other chemicals in its group ketones or also known as alkanones; To help lessen our environment from bunch of cigarette butts that is filled in the streets or anywhere; and To help some students in their schoolworks that uses glue because the commercial are expensive to buy. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY To inform people that cigarette filters from a cigarette used by a smoker can be useful in the field of an alternative glue paste. To prove that small wastes can be useful or reusable again in the other way around. It can be useful for some students that cannot afford to buy reliable glues. SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS This study is limited only in identifying if the combination of cigarette filters and acetone [(CH3)2CO] will formulate a glue paste and if the combination are competitive with the other commercial branded glue pastes. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Cigarette butts are the most common form of litter, as an estimated 4.5 trillion cigarette butts are thrown away every year worldwide. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3088 407/ METHODOLOGY A. Procedure: 1. Raw materials were gathered. 2. The separating of filters from tobacco butts. 3 Filters were strained by the strain gauge through running water and drained under the heat of the sun. 4. 5. 6. METHODOLOGY Measuring of the acetone [(CH3)2CO] in the graduated cylinder cigarette filters in the platform balance. Mixing the filters in the given substances and their measurement consecutively. The glue paste out of cigarette filters were tested and produced. B. Application The application will be done within two (2) days with four trials. C. Observation Within the time intervals, the researchers observe the solubility of the cigarette filters in the acetone [(CH3)2CO] based on 5ml, 8ml, 10ml and 15ml volume. • test tubes • test tube rack • graduated cylinder • test tube brush • evaporating dish •Butts •acetone • test tubes • test tube rack • graduated cylinder • test tube brush • evaporating dish container Triple beam balance 15ml Acetone [(CH3)2CO] 5ml Acetone [(CH3)2CO] TESTING Unused Filters Used Filters TABLE: CIGARETTE FILTERS AND ACETONE [(CH3)2CO] COMBINATION First Trial with 15ml of Acetone [(CH3)2CO] Second Trial with 10ml of Acetone [(CH3)2CO] Third Trial with 5ml of Acetone [(CH3)2CO] Fourth Trial with 8ml of Acetone [(CH3)2CO] Setting the raw materials to be use. Separating filters from tobacco butts. Seven (7) filters equivalent to 1 gram was used in first trial. Stir continuesly in two minutes for the filters to soak the 15ml acetone [(CH3)2CO] Seven (7) filters equivalent to 1 gram was used in the second trial. Stir continuesly in two minutes for the filters to soak the 10ml acetone [(CH3)2CO] Seven (7) filters equivalent to 1 gram was used in the third trial.Stir continuesly in two minutes for the filters to soak the 5ml water (H2O). Seven (7) filters equivalent to 1 gram was used in the last trial. Stir continuesly in two minutes for the filters to soak the 10ml acetone [(CH3)2CO] RESULTS AND DISCUSSION CIGARETTE FILTERS AND ACETONE [(CH3)2CO] COMBINATION In the first procedure, researchers used 15 ml of acetone [(CH3)2CO] and 1 gram of filters. Researchers conducted the second procedure whereas the 10ml was used with constant filters. Third procedure which contained 5ml of acetone [(CH3)2CO] with the same amount of filters were dissolved through mixing the two substances. And the last procedure which contained 8ml of acetone [(CH3)2CO] with the same amount of filters were dissolved simultaneously. Generally, the ratio that formulated in this project was 1 gram is to 8ml of acetone (1:8). Therefore, the duration of drying up was faster than the commercial branded glues. CONCLUSIONS Different Kinds of Glues Commercial Glue Home-Made Glue from Cigarette Filters Texture Duration Durability Stickiness Structural Price Color Property Very sticky Very sticky Prolonged Prolonged Very strong Very strong Very strong Very strong Good Good ₱60.0 White 0 ₱7.00 Brow n (used) / White (unus ed) Odor Unpleasant Unpleasant In the observation, the glues has a sticky kind of appearance. At first it looked terribly, because of the cigarette butts, plus, you can smell the tobacco before, while, and after the procedure and it really stinks. The acetone [(CH3)2CO] has a heavy consentration that the filters dissolve when stirred. And lastly, the finished product was tested and showed best results. Melting process was done to produce glue from cigarette filter using acetone as solvent. The glue from cigarette filter was able to meet the standard properties of the other commercial branded glues. Hence, cigarette filters contain chemical components that are good, making them promising substitutes for commercial glue pastes. Generation to generation, they tend to search for extraordinary look yet sold in small costs. A cigarette filters and an acetone [(CH3)2CO] combination can be an alternative to commercial branded glue pastes. Moreover, used cigarettes are waste that turned into a more useful paste. RECOMMENDATIONS From the results of the home-made glue paste out of cigarette filters formulated these recommendations: For best results – more filters to acetone [(CH3)2CO] ratio more glue pastes can be made. Filters should be cut into small pieces so that it will open more spaces for the acetone [(CH3)2CO] to soak, hold and molded. It should be done with a lot of carefulness because of some studies tells about the harmful effects of the acetone [(CH3)2CO] in the body if swallowed and the cigarette butts if smoked. Filters should be strained and dried under the heat of the sun before combining the acetone [(CH3)2CO] and filters together. The smell of the cigar can cause several pulmonary diseases so it is more advisable to use surgical mass and gloves when conducting the project. Some researchers may vanish the smell by placing a hood over the experiment or trials. The smell may improve by mixing another chemicals or fumes to make the smell more pleasing. THE PRESENTATION ADVISER Mrs. Helen M. Bacho Teacher II of the Science Teacher The Presentation Co-adviser Mr. Rolando R. Barcelon, (Master Teacher I of the Science Department) QHS SEED Coordinator for Student Affairs The Presentation Co-adviser Mrs. Lucila V. Dizon, (Teacher III of the English Department) Our very energetic, approachable, and supportive, QHS SEED Coordinator for Communication The Presentation Coadviser/Coordinator Ms. Rosalina L. Molina, (Master Teacher II of the Mathematics Department) Our very friendly, dynamic, approachable, and energetic, QHS SEED Coordinator Mrs. Carolyn C. Simon (Head Teacher III) & Ms. Cecilia H. Paguia, (Head Teacher III) our Science and Math Department Heads respectively for their sustaining guidance and support Our loving, kind and approachable school principal Dr. LEVITA U. RAMOS School Principal IV, Quirino High School, Quezon City, Metro Manila, Phil. Our very supportive Ma’am Corinne Damas-Sandiford Project Manager, Schlumberger SEED Paris Our supportive, kind Ma’am Gloria Bato, SEED Coordinator, Philippines Schlumberger Excellence in Educational Development (SEED) and staffs headed by Simone Amber for the magnificent opportunity given to us to share and the benevolent contributions in educating the youth worldwide; special thanks to Ma’am Monia, Ma’am Susan Randel & Sir Nathan Bellomy for their help and encouragement. friends, classmates, schoolmates; SiSEED-lan Club for the continued wisdom, strength or blessings showered to to us to finally present this presentation internationally.