From Waste To Paste

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FROM WASTE TO SPECIAL PASTE
presented by:
Jhustine S. Sabico and Judy A. Miraflor
(Fourth Year Students)
Adviser: Mrs. Helen M. Bacho
Co-Advisers: Ms. Rosalina L. Molina
Mrs. Lucila V. Dizon
Mr. Rolando R. Barcelon
QUIRINO HIGH SCHOOL,
Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines
and at AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY,
New York, USA
April 21, 2014
FROM WASTE TO
SPECIAL PASTE
Jhustine S. Sabico
IV-2
and;
Judy A. Miraflor
IV-3
April 21, 2014
INTRODUCTION
The
economic stability
of our nation depends
on the availability of
the cheap sources of
our products.
Glue
is commonly used in
homes, schools and offices. Due
to high cost and unaffordable
of commercial branded glues,
people would came to a certain
thought of making home made
glue.
The
home-made glue paste out
of cigarette filters is a bit rough
than commercial branded glues
because of it’s substance –
acetone [(CH3)2CO].
Findings
of the study
showed effective results in
the production of glue paste
out of cigarette filters. .
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Filters
- porous article or mass
(as of paper or sand) through
which a gas or liquid is passed
to separate out matter in
suspension.
Acetone
is a volatile fragrant
flammable liquid ketone C3H6O
used chiefly as a solvent and in
organic synthesis and found in
abnormal quantities in diabetic
urine.

Water is the liquid that descends
from the clouds as rain, forms
streams, lakes, and seas, and is a
major constituent of all living
matter.
Adhesive
is to hold fast
or stick by or as if by
gluing, suction, grasping,
or fusing.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The
purpose of this study is to
diminish the waste from the cigarettes
used by a smoker through exploring
the potentials of cigarette filters as a
glue paste and making them an
alternative to the other commercial
branded glue paste.
1. Are acetone and cigarette filter combination
will work?
2. Are acetone and cigarette filter combination
harm the environment or the people who will
use it?
3. Is it comparable to the commercial ones in
terms of:
 Texture
 Structural
 Duration
 Price
 Durability
 Color
 Stickiness
 Odor
property
4. Is this study can help the
growth of our economy?
5. Is there a significant
relationship between the
amount of acetone and
cigarette filters to make a
special paste/glue?
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
Specifically, the study aims to accomplish
the following objectives:
 To prepare a cheaper yet durable glue
paste out of cigarette filters and acetone
[(CH3)2CO];
 To compare the effectiveness of a used
cigarette filters and acetone [(CH3)2CO] to
the leading commercial brands;
 To
test the cigarette filters’ components with
acetone by mixing them together;
 To show the effectiveness of acetone to the
other chemicals in its group ketones or also
known as alkanones;
 To help lessen our environment from bunch of
cigarette butts that is filled in the streets or
anywhere; and
 To help some students in their schoolworks
that uses glue because the commercial are
expensive to buy.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
To
inform people that cigarette filters
from a cigarette used by a smoker can
be useful in the field of an alternative
glue paste.
To prove that small wastes can be
useful or reusable again in the other
way around.
It can be useful for some
students that cannot afford to
buy reliable glues.

SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS
This study is limited only in identifying if the
combination of cigarette filters and acetone
[(CH3)2CO] will formulate a glue paste and if
the combination are competitive with the other
commercial branded glue pastes.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Cigarette butts are the most common form of
litter, as an estimated 4.5 trillion cigarette
butts are thrown away every year
worldwide.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3088
407/
METHODOLOGY
A. Procedure:
1. Raw materials were gathered.
2. The separating of filters from
tobacco butts.
3 Filters were strained by the
strain gauge through running
water and drained under the
heat of the sun.
4.
5.
6.
METHODOLOGY
Measuring of the acetone
[(CH3)2CO] in the graduated
cylinder cigarette filters in the
platform balance.
Mixing the filters in the given
substances and their
measurement consecutively.
The glue paste out of cigarette
filters were tested and produced.
B. Application

The application will be done within two (2)
days with four trials.
C. Observation

Within the time intervals, the researchers
observe the solubility of the cigarette filters in
the acetone [(CH3)2CO] based on 5ml, 8ml,
10ml and 15ml volume.
• test tubes
• test tube rack
• graduated cylinder
• test tube brush
• evaporating dish
•Butts
•acetone
• test tubes
• test tube rack
• graduated
cylinder
• test tube brush
• evaporating dish
container
Triple beam balance
15ml Acetone [(CH3)2CO]
5ml Acetone [(CH3)2CO]
TESTING
Unused Filters
Used
Filters
TABLE: CIGARETTE FILTERS AND
ACETONE [(CH3)2CO] COMBINATION
First Trial with
15ml of Acetone
[(CH3)2CO]
Second Trial with
10ml of Acetone
[(CH3)2CO]
Third Trial with
5ml of Acetone
[(CH3)2CO]
Fourth Trial with
8ml of Acetone
[(CH3)2CO]
Setting the raw
materials to be
use. Separating
filters from
tobacco butts.
Seven (7) filters
equivalent to 1
gram was used in
first trial. Stir
continuesly in two
minutes for the
filters to soak the
15ml acetone
[(CH3)2CO]
Seven (7) filters
equivalent to 1
gram was used in
the second trial.
Stir continuesly in
two minutes for
the filters to soak
the 10ml acetone
[(CH3)2CO]
Seven (7) filters
equivalent to 1
gram was used in
the third trial.Stir
continuesly in two
minutes for the
filters to soak the
5ml water (H2O).
Seven (7) filters
equivalent to 1
gram was used in
the last trial. Stir
continuesly in two
minutes for the
filters to soak the
10ml acetone
[(CH3)2CO]
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
CIGARETTE FILTERS AND ACETONE
[(CH3)2CO] COMBINATION
In the first procedure, researchers
used 15 ml of acetone [(CH3)2CO]

and 1 gram of filters.
Researchers conducted the second
procedure whereas the 10ml was used
with constant filters.

 Third
procedure which contained 5ml of
acetone [(CH3)2CO] with the same amount
of filters were dissolved through mixing the
two substances.
 And the last procedure which contained 8ml
of acetone [(CH3)2CO] with the same
amount of filters were dissolved
simultaneously.
Generally,
the ratio that
formulated in this project was 1
gram is to 8ml of acetone (1:8).
Therefore, the duration of drying
up was faster than the commercial
branded glues.
CONCLUSIONS
Different Kinds
of Glues
Commercial
Glue
Home-Made
Glue from
Cigarette Filters
Texture Duration Durability Stickiness Structural Price Color
Property
Very
sticky
Very
sticky
Prolonged
Prolonged
Very
strong
Very
strong
Very
strong
Very
strong
Good
Good
₱60.0 White
0
₱7.00 Brow
n
(used)
/
White
(unus
ed)
Odor
Unpleasant
Unpleasant
 In
the observation, the glues has a sticky kind
of appearance. At first it looked terribly,
because of the cigarette butts, plus, you can
smell the tobacco before, while, and after the
procedure and it really stinks. The acetone
[(CH3)2CO] has a heavy consentration that the
filters dissolve when stirred. And lastly, the
finished product was tested and showed best
results.
 Melting
process was done to produce glue
from cigarette filter using acetone as solvent.
The glue from cigarette filter was able to meet
the standard properties of the other
commercial branded glues. Hence, cigarette
filters contain chemical components that are
good, making them promising substitutes for
commercial glue pastes.
Generation to generation, they tend to search
for extraordinary look yet sold in small costs.
A cigarette filters and an acetone [(CH3)2CO]
combination can be an alternative to
commercial branded glue pastes. Moreover,
used cigarettes are waste that turned into a
more useful paste.
RECOMMENDATIONS
From the results of the home-made glue paste out
of cigarette filters formulated these
recommendations:
 For best results – more filters to acetone
[(CH3)2CO] ratio more glue pastes can be made.
 Filters should be cut into small pieces so that it
will open more spaces for the acetone [(CH3)2CO]
to soak, hold and molded.
 It should be done with a lot of carefulness
because of some studies tells about the harmful
effects of the acetone [(CH3)2CO] in the body if
swallowed and the cigarette butts if smoked.
 Filters
should be strained and dried under the
heat of the sun before combining the acetone
[(CH3)2CO] and filters together.
 The smell of the cigar can cause several
pulmonary diseases so it is more advisable to
use surgical mass and gloves when conducting
the project.
 Some researchers may vanish the smell by
placing a hood over the experiment or trials.
 The smell may improve by mixing another
chemicals or fumes to make the smell more
pleasing.
THE PRESENTATION ADVISER
 Mrs.
Helen M. Bacho
 Teacher II of the Science Teacher
The Presentation Co-adviser
Mr. Rolando R.
Barcelon,
(Master Teacher I
of the Science
Department)
QHS
SEED Coordinator
for Student Affairs
The Presentation Co-adviser
Mrs. Lucila V.
Dizon,
(Teacher III
of the English Department)
Our very energetic,
approachable, and
supportive,
QHS SEED
Coordinator
for Communication
The Presentation Coadviser/Coordinator
Ms. Rosalina L.
Molina,
(Master Teacher II
of the Mathematics
Department)
Our very friendly, dynamic,
approachable, and energetic,
QHS SEED Coordinator
Mrs. Carolyn C. Simon
(Head Teacher III)
&
Ms. Cecilia H. Paguia,
(Head Teacher III)
our Science and Math Department Heads
respectively for their sustaining guidance and support
Our loving, kind and approachable school principal
Dr. LEVITA U. RAMOS
School Principal IV, Quirino High School,
Quezon City, Metro Manila, Phil.
Our very supportive Ma’am Corinne Damas-Sandiford
Project Manager, Schlumberger SEED Paris
Our supportive,
kind
Ma’am
Gloria Bato,
SEED
Coordinator,
Philippines
Schlumberger Excellence in Educational
Development (SEED) and staffs headed by
Simone Amber for the magnificent
opportunity given to us to share and the
benevolent contributions in educating the
youth worldwide;
special thanks to Ma’am Monia, Ma’am
Susan Randel & Sir Nathan Bellomy for
their help and encouragement.
friends, classmates, schoolmates; SiSEED-lan Club
for the continued wisdom,
strength or blessings showered
to
to us to finally present
this
presentation
internationally.
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