Strengthening Social Services and Protection for Inclusive Growth

Gilberto M. Llanto
Presented at the PDF-WG Workshop on the
Workplan for 2011-2012,
One Tagaytay Place, February 8-9, 2011
Achievements and challenges in the social
development sector
Service delivery gaps identified in the draft
MTPDP (2010-2016)
Service delivery at LGU level and proposed
Legislative agenda on improving service
delivery proposed by MTPDP
Improvements in access to and quality of service
delivery in health, nutrition, population,
education, training, culture, housing, social
protection, asset reform.
On track with MDG goals on food poverty, gender
equality in education, reducing child mortality,
reversing incidence of and death rate associated
with malaria, detection and treatment success of
TB, access to sanitary toilet facilities.
HDI rose from 0.744 in 2005 to 0.751 in 2007.
Lags in universal primary education,
improving maternal health, combating
There are large discrepancies across regions
in these areas.
Downside: poverty incidence of families rose
from 24.4% in 2003 to 26.9% in 2006; more
than ¼ of 27.6 million poor are in 6 regions.
Income inequality is high. Gini ratio 0.4580 in
2006. High inequality in regions 7, 8, 9, 10.
Unsustained poverty reduction
Slow progress toward the attainment of MDG
Inadequate financing for social
services/minimal increase in the share of
social development expenditures to total
government expenditures
Health and nutrition
Maternal mortality rate at 162 per 100,000
live births vs. MDG target of 52
Infant mortality rate at 25 per 1,000 live vs.
target of 25
Total health expenditure at 3.2% of GDP
below WHO’s standard of 5% of GDP
Underweight, stunting, wasting and thinness
of children continue to be serious nutritional
-need for greater participation of school-aged
children in elementary level
-Net enrolment rate for elementary and high
school at 85% and 62.4% respectively, far
below MDG and Education for All targets
-Completion rate of 72.2% for elementary
below EFA target of 81% in 2015
-Completion rate of 73.7% for high school
below 2015 EFA target of 81%
75,584 new classrooms were built (20042009). Wide disparity: 78.1 elementary pupilroom ratio in NCR vs. 82.1 in ARMM.
-Output of 689,292 units of direct housing
assistance (house and lot, house or lot only)
vs. 3.7 million housing need in 2004-2010.
- HLRB reports assisting 419 LGUs in updating
and formulating Comprehensive Land Use
Plans vs. target of 432 LGUs (2004-2010).
Social protection
Fragmented and uncoordinated social
protection programs (21 agencies, 65
Inadequately funded and short-lived
National government spending at 0.8% of
GDP vs. 1.9% of 87 developing countries from
Asset reform: coastal and marine settlement
-More than 900 coastal municipalities have
completed their municipal water delineation.
Only 30 of these had passed ordinances on
municipal water delineation. This is the
situation 12 years after the passage of the
Fisheries Code.
-LGC does not devolve the provision of basic
-Basic Education Governance Act of 2001
(Republic Act 9155) envisions a different kind
of decentralization in the basic education:
school-based management.
LGUs have a role thru the SEF, earmarked for
the operation and maintenance of public
A substantial portion of SEF tends to be
allocated to sports competitions and other
co-curricular activities.
LGUs and the national government should
work hand in hand to use SEF to improve the
quality of instruction and classroom facilities.
- Financing and management of health care
facilities were transferred to LGUs.
- RHUs and BHSs generally responsible for the
delivery of frontline basic services.
- Provinces are assigned the operation and
maintenance of district and provincial
hospitals. DOH continues to operate regional
hospitals also known as retained hospitals.
-Large budget share of personal services in
total health spending of LGUs but lack of
proper health personnel constrains provision
of adequate and quality health services
-Underfunding of MOOE and capital outlays
-LGUs and the national government should
expenditures and work for more appropriate
division of roles and budgets.
Water and sanitation
- LGUs should assess the most viable option
for meeting the water and sanitation
requirements of the local population: invest
in own water and sanitation systems, work
with water districts, use any of public-private
partnership approaches.
Phenomenon of rapid urbanization; forecast 6
out 10 Filipinos will live in urban areas; 1/3
of urban population will be slum dwellers.
LGUs have to update and formulate their
agencies in urban renewal and resettlement
of informal settlers.
-MTPDP asks LGUs to take the lead in shelter
planning, i.e. finding local housing solutions
and programming, areas for urban growth
and planned areas for human settlements
under their CLUPs, creation of Local Housing
Boards, re-channeling of development funds
to LGUs.
Social protection
-Weak targeting system compromise efficacy of
social protection programs.
- Social protection programs have inadequate
- LGUs can help strengthen and implement proper
targeting systems, but first improve their
information systems.
- More specifically, work with DSWD in KALAHI and
CCT implementation.
- Coordinate with DBM on budget for PHIC
sponsored programs.
Coastal and marine settlement
Concerned LGUs should work with NAMRIA
on municipal water delineation and pass
required local ordinances.
Work with DENR, DOST and other agencies in
climate change adaptation and disaster risk
Amendment of RA 7875 (National Health
Insurance Act)- modifying national
government-LGU premium sharing for the
sponsored program and full subsidy scheme
for the lowest income bracket (5 million
Amendment to the education provision of
LGC- for better use of SEF, changing
composition of Local School Board,
reorienting LGU role in local management and
quality assurance of basic education
Amendment to CHED Charter (RA 7222)- for
LGU-created/funded HEI to form part of
overall governance of higher education to
make them conform to national standards
and best practices
Establishment of Local Housing Boards in
cities and municipalities
Thank You!