Chapter 10 Summary

Chapter 10 Summary
(Western Europe)
• Middle Ages-postclassical period in western Europe
• Middle ages stretch between the fall of Roman empire and
the 15th century
• Civ spreads gradually beyond the Mediterranean zone
• Christian missionaries converted Europeans from
polytheistic faiths
• Medieval Europe participated in the emerging international
• New tools and crops expanded agricultural output
• Advanced technologies improved manufacturing
• Math, science and philosophy were stimulated by new
Evaluate the ways in which the Middle Ages
carried on the culture of the ancient
Mediterranean civilization and also added its
own innovations
• Incorporated classical rationalism
• Used Latin as a common language
• Manorialism originated on the farming estates of the
ancient world
• Christianity is adopted widely
• Development of local and regional political focus
• Economically, credit was used, banking, accounting
procedures, the creation of a wealthy class and the end
of slavery
• The creation of vernacular literary forms and Gothic
architecture (culture)
Compare medieval west from 1000 to 1500
with Islamic civilization during the same
• Medieval west was flourishing while the Islamic core was
• Lack of a concept of empire in the west differed from the imperial
idea of Islam
• Both civilizations developed active economic systems with a
merchant class
• The Islamic commercial empire was bigger and more important
than that of the west
• Both used religion as a means of carrying civilization to new
• Islam expanded into Africa, India and SE Asia
• Islamic civilization was more technologically sophisticated than the
• Both societies showed similar tension between religion and the
adaptation to classical rationalism