Risk Management

 Hazard - Anything, any source or any situation with
the potential to cause bodily injury or ill-health
 Risk – the likelihood that a hazard will cause a specific
bodily injury to any person
 Risk assessment - The process of evaluating the
probability and consequences of injury or illness
arising from exposure to an identified hazard, and
determining the appropriate measures for risk control.
 Risk management - The identification, assessment and
prioritisation of WSH risks followed by the application
of control measures to minimise the probability
and/or impact of undesirable WSH consequences.
Overview of Risk Management Process
Formation of Risk Management/
Risk Assessment Teams
 RA Teams should have representatives from both the
management and non-management levels.
 The RA team should include personnel who are
involved with the work, including contractors and
suppliers who are experienced with the work involved.
 Team Leader shall be competent for the task before
leading the RA team and has attended a RM course
conducted by a MOM Approved Training Provider
Gather Relevant Information
 Workplace layout plan
 Process or work flowchart
 List of work activities in the process
 List of chemicals, machinery and/ or tools used
 Records of past incidents and accidents
 Relevant legislation, CPs or specifications
 Observations and interviews
 WSH Inspection records
 Details of existing risk controls
 Health and safety audit reports
 Feedback from employees, clients, suppliers or other stakeholders
 SWPs
 Other information such as safety data sheets (SDS), manufacturer’s
instruction manual
 Copies of any relevant previous RAs
 Medical condition (e.g., allergy) of workers in the workplace or activity being
Identification of Hazards
 Person falling from height
 Object falling from height
 Slips or falls on the level
 Electrocution
 Drowning
 Noise induced deafness
 Fire and explosion
 Struck by or against object
Risk Evaluation
 Risk has 2 parts:
 Expected Severity of the hazard
 Likelihood of the occurrence of the
accident/incident or ill health
 Severity is the degree or extent of injury or harm
caused by accidents/incidents arising from workplace
Using a 5X5 Risk Matrix
Severity Categories and Description for 5X5 Risk Matrix
Likelihood Categories and Description for 5X5
Risk Matrix
3x3 Risk Matrix to Determine Risk Level
Using a 5X5 Risk Matrix
5X5 Risk Matrix with Numeric Ratings to Determine Risk
Hierarchy of Controls
Communication of Risk Management
Every employer, self-employed person and principal (including
contractor and sub-contractor) must take all reasonably
practicable steps to inform his employees or any other persons at
the workplace who may be exposed to safety and health risk.
They should be informed of the following:
• the nature of the risk involved,
• the measures implemented to control the risk,
• applicable safe work procedures.
Whenever the risk assessment is revised, or when there is a
significant change in work practices or procedures, the
employees or other persons who may be at risk must be informed
Review Effectiveness of Control Measure
 Regular review of RA plan is critical
 The RM Team should perform the steps (Hazard Identification,
Risk Evaluation and Risk Control) when conducting RA Review
 Regular Auditing is required to ensure Risk Control measures
have been implemented and are functioning effectively
 While employers are required to review their plans every three
years, a review should take place whenever:
1. There are changes to the area of work
2. New information on safety and health risks surfaces
3. After any accident/incident
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