The City of Rome History a question of geography The foundation myth Romulus and Remus are Rome's twin founders in its traditional foundation myth. They are descendants of the Trojan prince and refugee Aeneas, and are fathered by the god Mars or the demigod Hercules on a royal Vestal Virgin, Rhea Silvia, whose uncle exposes them to die in the wild. They are found by a she-wolf who suckles and cares for them. The twins are eventually restored to their regal birthright, acquire many followers and decide to found a new city. Romulus wishes to build the new city on the Palatine Hill; Remus prefers the Aventine Hill They agree to determine the site through augury. Romulus appears to receive the more favourable signs but each claims the results in his favour. In the disputes that follow, Remus is killed. BRONZE AGE TO IRON AGE SETTLEMENT Draining of the Marshes Forum as the Civic Centre Mountains, Hills and Plains Regions, Rivers, Cities and Seas Colonisation& Influence The Etruscans 8th-7th century BC B. The Greeks Colonization, 750-550 B.C. Southern Italy Romanization or Acculturation Romanization was essentially a political and urbanizing process. Its benefit was that it further allowed a process of acculturation rather than assimilation not just tolerating but embracing different art, architecture and religious beliefs MOVEMENT OF SLAVES MOVEMENT OF SOLDIERS AND CIVIL SERVANTS THROUGHOUT THE EAST/WEST EXPANSION OF TRADE THROUGHOUT THE WIDER EMPIRE All Roads lead to Rome THE ROMAN EMPIRE THE ROMAN EMPIRE BY 264 BC THE PUNIC WARS The First Punic War 264-241BC The Second Punic War 218-201BC (Hannibal) Battle of Zama and Scipio Africanus The Third Punic War 149-146BC THE ROMAN EMPIRE BY 133 BC Expansion East and West Rome”s Expansion under powerful Generals Marius Pompey Caesar THE ROMAN EMPIRE BY 44 BC THE ROMAN EMPIRE BY AD 284 Empire and Trade How did Geography allow Rome to grow as a city and become the Center of the worlds largest empire?