The Gathering Storm: The Road to WWII Was Appeasement a mistake or a necessary approach? 1930 German Election- Hitler Promises Work •Work to the unemployed & social harmony •Prosperity to failed business people •Profits to industry •Expansion to the Army •Restoration of German glory to those in despair By 1933 Hitler is Chancellor • September 14, 1930, the Nazis received 6,371,000 votes, over 18% of the total, and were thus entitled to 107 seats in the German Reichstag. • Overnight, the Nazi party went from the smallest to the second largest party in Germany. • By 1933 Hitler is chancellor (complicated how this eventually happens) By 1934 Hitler is Fuhrer • Hitler begins a massive arms build-up, in violation of the Treaty of Versailles • August 19: Hitler becomes Fuhrer (supreme ruler) • September: Nuremberg Nazi Party Day ALLIES DO NOTHING! 1935: In the World • Hitler announces a plan to build a 500,000 man army, also in violation of the Treaty of Versailles ALLIES DO NOTHING! 1936: In the World • • • May 7: Germany remilitarizes the Rhineland, which borders France, in violation of the Treaty of Versailles Berlin-Rome Axis created: alliance between Germany and Italy Germany hosts the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin ALLIES DO NOTHING! Germany and the Rhineland ALLIES DO NOTHING! The Spanish Civil War… • Mussolini and Hitler send troops, weapons, and money to Fascist Francisco Franco • Fascists engage in massive bombing of civilian populations (the first time in human history) • Loyalists supporting the democratic government in Spain receive no help from Allies ALLIES DO NOTHING! 1937: In the World • Hitler declares his desire for lebensraum, or living space for his “master race.” He announces his intention to get it through territorial expansion. ALLIES DO NOTHING! 1938 in the world • Mar. 28: Germany annexes Austria peacefully in the Anschluss (union) without a single shot fired • Sept. 29-30: Munich Conference: Great Britain, France, Italy, and Germany sign a pact allowing Hitler to annex the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia- Hitler promises that he will make no further demands for territory • Nov. 9-10: Kristallnacht 1939: In the World • March: Hitler takes over the rest of Czechoslovakia, in violation of the Munich Pact • August: Hitler and Stalin sign a non-aggression treaty, agreeing to divide up Poland • Sept. 1: Germany invades Poland; WW2 begins • Sept. 3: Great Britain and France declare war on Germany, fulfilling treaty obligations. • Sept. 10: Canada declares war. • Sept. 17: Stalin marches into Poland from the east- he and Hitler divide it. NOW THE ALLIES DO SOMETHING!