War in Europe Hitler dominates Europe Austria & Czechoslovakia Fall • Hitler wanted to absorb Austria & Czechoslovakia in the Third Reich. • On March 12, 1938 Germany marched into Austria unopposed. • About 3 million German speaking people lived in the Sudentenland. • Hitler accused Czechs of abusing the German people. Conquering Europe • France and Great Britain promised to protect the Sudetenland initially. • But when all parties met at the Munich Conference British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain chose to appease Hitler and hoped it would be his “last territorial demand”. • This was known as the Munich Agreement. Response • Chamberlain’s satisfaction was not shared by everyone. • Winston Churchill his main political rival thought he had given far too much to Hitler. German Offensive • As Churchill had warned Hitler was not done expanding the Third Reich. • Stalin & the Soviet Union signed a nonaggression pact with Hitler. • They also agreed to divide Poland between them. Blitzkrieg • Known as lightning war advancement in military technology led to speedy advancement by the Germans. • It only took hours for some nations to fall. • This led to France & Britain to declare war on Germany. France & Britain • It didn’t take long for Germany to control both the north and south of France. • When France fell the famous French general Charles de Gaulle fled to England where he declared “France has lost a battle, but France has not lost the war.” Battle of Britain • The Germans began bombing runs over Great Britain in 1940. • Every night for two months, bombers pounded London. • The British used their planes to bravely fight and eventually Hitler called off the bombings.