Chapter 24 Section 1

Chapter 24 Section 1
The Rise of Dictators
Has total control over a
Dominates every aspect of
Uses terror to suppress
individual rights and
silent all opposition
How did Stalin change the Soviet
In an attempt to
modernize agriculture and
industry, he created a
system of collective
farming and poured
money into basic
Turned the Soviet Union
into a modern industrial
How did Stalin change the lives of
the Soviet people?
Stalin confiscated the
land of resisting farmers
and sent peasants to
distant labor camps
Caused food shortages
and the need for rationing
Killed millions
Hitler and Mussolini were
Fascist leaders
Emphasizes the
importance of the nation,
or a particular ethnic
A dictator reigns supreme
The process of removing
enemies and undesirables
from positions of power.
Hitler purged the Nazi party
in Germany and Stalin
purged the Communists in
the Soviet Union
Millions killed and millions
more arrested and sent to
labor camps in both nations
A form of fascism
Created by Adolph Hitler
Based on nationalism and
racial superiority
Why did many Germans support
Hitler and Nazism in the early
Hitler and the Nazis
promised to stabilize
Germany when the
Depression hit
Promised to restore the
economy and the empire
that had been lost after
Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, and Japan
All believed they had been
wronged by the peace
process after WWI
Used the excuse of
fighting communism as
their reason for joining
Examine the map on page 804. What
advantage did Germany gain by stationing
troops in the Rhineland
With troops in the
Rhineland, Hitler could
threaten Belgium and
France with invasion
more easily
This means that other
nations may give into his
demands more easily
because they are afraid.
Giving up what one
believes in, or what one
holds dear in order to
pacify an aggressor
Hitler was allowed to take
re-militarize the
Rhineland and take
Austria and
Czechoslovakia without a
shot being fired.
Why did Britain and France
pursue a policy of appeasement
with Hitler?
Neither nation was
prepared for a war, they
desired peace
Why did British Prime Minister Neville
Chamberlain sign the Munich Agreement?
He believed that giving
into Hitler’s demands
would prevent a war…he
believed wrong
How did the Spanish Civil War
highlight divisions in Europe?
People had to choose between the
pro fascist nationalists or the antifascist Republicans
Germany and Mussolini sent in
troops to help the Nationalists
The Soviet Union aided the
The U.S., Britain, and France did
not intervene
The Nationalist Fascists win, put
Francisco Franco into power
How did leaders of totalitarian states feel about using force
against people and nations they considered their enemies?
Totalitarian leaders felt
free to act against other
nations, or against
domestic opponents
How did democratic nations like Britain and France feel
about using force against other nations?
Democratic nations were
reluctant to use force
Totalitarian nations took
advantage of this