Nationalism in Africa

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Nationalism in Africa
Top White Margin Page 91
SS7H1b.d.
• SS7H1b.d.
b. Explain how nationalism led to
independence in South Africa,
Kenya, and Nigeria.
d. Explain the impact of the PanAfrican movement.
Top of page 91
• Write the question and answer
– Is there anything (a cause, a belief, a person)
that you would be willing to fight or possibly
die for?
Definitions-page 91
• Imperialism- complete control of a
weaker nation’s social, economy, and
government by a stronger nation
• Nationalism- pride in one’s country or
culture
• Afrikaners- white settlers in South
Africa
Kenya
• Colonized by: Great Britain
• The British:
– Took land, charged hut and poll taxes, made
Kenyans work as slaves on British plantations
– Identity cards restricted movement
Kenya
• Organizations were formed
– Peaceful and violent demonstrations held
• 1950’s Jomo Kenyatta arrested
– sparked Kenyans to fight to the bitter end
– Guerilla fighters fought British troops until
Britain released Kenyatta and left
• Dec. 12, 1963 – Kenya won their
independence
South Africa
• Colonized by: Great Britain
– Gained freedom around 1900
• Afrikaners:
– Controlled the government, only whites could
vote, blacks lived in Homelands
– Identity cards restricted movement
South Africa
• Organizations were
formed
– Peaceful and violent
demonstrations held
• Nelson Mandela was
imprisoned for 27 years
for protesting apartheid
• Mandela was freed in
1989 and was elected as
the 1st black South African
president in 1994.
Nigeria
• Colonized by: Great Britain
• Organizations were formed
– Became political parties that worked for
Nigerian independence
– Late 1940’s and 50’s British let Nigerians
elect their own government
• Independence- Oct. 1, 1960
– Nigerians did not have to fight the British for
independence
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