Social Studies 8 Chapter 3

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General outcome:
Through an examination of Renaissance
Europe, students will demonstrate an
understanding and appreciation of how the
exchange of ideas and knowledge
contributed to shaping the worldview of
the Western world.
 In
what ways did exploration and
intercultural contact during the
Renaissance affect the citizenship and
identity of Europeans?
 In what ways were the Age of Discovery
and the rise of imperialism expressions
of an expansionist worldview?
 Take
the next 10-15 minutes to complete
the vocabulary for chapter 3
 Reminder
that at the end of this chapter
(ch. 3) you have a Unit exam.
 The Unit exam will cover all 3 chapters of
the Renaissance.
 Remember those outcomes at the
beginning of each chapter? I would
suggest knowing those
 Read
the chapter title. Review some
descriptions of Western Worldview by
reviewing the graphic on pg. 4.
 Are there any ideas that are closely
related to Humanism?
 Read the chapter introduction
 Discuss: Is there a Canadian worldview?
If so, how does Canada’s worldview differ
from other countries that also have a
western worldview?
 As
a class read page 90, 92-93
 How did Humanism begin to change
people’s ideas about religion?
 Reflect and Respond question #1 page 93
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Read about Martin Luther
on page 91
Create a chart like the
one below:
Complete the chart by
adding John Calvin, John
Knox, the Huguenots,
King Henry VIII, Queen
Isabella and King
Ferdinand
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Country
Scotland
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England
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Spain
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Switzerland
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France
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Consequence
Protestant rebellions led to the
creation of the Presbyterian Church
which was governed by “councils of
men”
King Henry 8th desired to control
wealth. Couldn’t do this with the
Roman Catholic Church. The newly
formed Anglican Church allowed him
to control the property of the church.
Only Roman Catholicism was allowed.
The Inquisition was ordered to
persecute any who would not follow
Roman Catholicism
“Calvinism” is the belief that people
should believe and practice
according the bible. Moral code,
church and state should not be
separated
After a long battle of over 40 years
those persecuted from following
another religion were granted
freedom of worship in 1598
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The Protestant
Reformation is evidence
of the new flow of ideas
across Europe.
This new division
between religions would
often lead to political
support of state causes.
By the end of the
renaissance the drive to
practice any religion
would unite people and
further the creation of
countries.
 Read
the section title (pg. 94)
 What is a nation?
 Did you know that there were NO nations or
countries during the Renaissance? Remember
the formation of city-states?
 Grab an atlas, and find a modern map of
Europe
 What are the names of nations in Europe
nowadays?
 How are nations identified on maps?
 What other ways do nations identify
themselves?
 How
does this map of Europe 1500 differ?
 Read
page 94. Make a cause and effect
diagram to summarize the factors that led
to the formation of centralized countries
in Europe
 When your finished read page 95- Same
Time, Different place
 Read
page 96-97 (two very important
pages)
 Summarize the page with a graphic
organizer- make it good enough to study
from!
 Read
page 98
 What motivated the
Europeans to
explore?
 What made it
possible?
 What ideas became
apart of the western
worldview as a
result?
 Read
page 99-101 as
a class
 Knowing what you
know what
tools/ideas would
you want to bring on
your voyage?
 Rank your list of
importance
 Discuss findings
 Read
page 102 and
respond to questions
#1 and 2
 Get
into groups of 4
 Number yourselves off 1 through 4
1. Portugal
2. Spain
3. England
4. France
 Read page 103, and locate the 4 leading
countries on a map
 All
the #1’s together, 2’s together, etc.
 Record the following about your country:
1. Factors that motivated them to explore
2. Explorers and their routes
3. Ideas and technologies developed by
this country
4. The role of governments or monarchs in
exploration
5. The colonies they established (can use
map on 109)
 Each
expert should make a presentation
to their home groups/the class
 Each country’s voyages should be put on
the map
 When all groups are finished please
Reflect and Respond page 108 #1-2
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Sailed along the African
coast in the hopes of finding
a route to China and India
Lisbon, Portugal became
Europe’s new trade capital
Batholomew Diaz and Vasco
de Gama made huge
advances for Portugal
Established famous port
city in Asia called Macau
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Spain wanted to duplicate
Portugal’s success on the
coasts of China and Spain
Portugal already had most of
Africa so Spain decided to
head directly west to find a
route Asia
Instead Columbus found the
Caribbean which he thought
was Asia
The king of Spain refused to
fund any expeditions, because
they believed the earth was
flat. Columbus instead went to
Queen Isablella of Spain to
get funding
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England was more
focused trading within
Europe
John Cabot discovered
the cod of Newfoundland
on 1 of England’s few
funded voyages
In the late 1500’s England
began expansionism
looking for a northwest
passage to China. This
led them directly to
North America.
 France
was
concentrated on
Europe and its
ongoing war with
England.
 Eventually the French
would set off for their
riches only to find
North America and
present day Florida
and the St. Lawrence
River of Quebec.
Reflect and Respond page 108 #1-2
 Read
page 109
 What ideas are included in a policy of
imperialism?
 How did the Imperialist nations maintain
control over their colonies?
 What were the effects of Imperialism on
Europe and its colonies?
 Discuss: Was imperialism a new idea?
 From
the beginning of the Age of
Exploration to World War I, the continent
of Africa was divided among European
nations.
 Read
page 110-111
 Reflect and Respond #2 page 111

o
Aztecs & Incans of
Americas, Chinese &
Indian civilizations,
ancient African
civilizations, first
nations in North
America.
European culture was
often imposed on these
lands by social
structure, government
control, labor and
religion
 Read
112-113 do the Reflect and Respond
page 113.
 Answers:
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Read page 114
The exploration developed
knowledge of geography,
trading systems and history.
It also introduced the world to
civilizations that were
previously thought of as nonexistent.
Ideas about personal freedom,
leadership & government and
wealth became extremely
important.
This new found wealth from
imperialism brought more
change to Europe.
Soon, with more and more
money there was inflation
which occurred throughout
Europe.
The price of goods increased
dramatically which was not
beneficial to the commoner.
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Read page 115
The economic systems of most
countries was thrown into
turmoil from all the wealth
coming from the colonies
The more gold & silver that
came into Europe the less it
was worth
As a result inflation occurred
Price of all goods rose in
Europe
Portugal & Spain had taken so
much gold & silver from South
& Central America they did
not need to build
manufacturing industries
So they bought goods from
England, Germany & The
Netherlands
Reflect and Respond #1
 Define
Culture, Social systems, political and
economic systems
 Examine the effects of imperialism on both the
conquering European nations and their
colonies. Complete the following chart:
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Be sure to read page 120…
Renaissance spread ideas throughout Europe
New churches were formed
Freedom of religious choice became valued
Boundaries in Europe changed
Power moved from Italy to Portugal, Spain, England &
France
Merchant class grew larger & to seek profit and new trade
routes were explored
Imperialism grew & European countries claimed lands all
over the world & they had the right to impose their ways
on other cultures
Western Europeans felt as though they were superior
New ideas about geography, religion, citizenship, food
crops & national identity changed
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Canada has worldviews
that developed out of
Europe during this time
period
Importance of the
individual
High material standard of
living
Importance of education
Democracy
Laws that guarantee
rights & freedoms of
citizens
 Study:
 The
study Guide and more!
 10 Multiple choice
 10 matching
 5 definitions
 One long answer (15 marks)
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