Age of Exploration

Age of Exploration
Standard 7-1.1 Use a map or series of maps
to identify the colonial expansions of
European powers in Africa, Asia, Oceania,
and the Americas through 1770.
Global Exploration
The exploring of unknown regions of
the world.
European sea captains set sail without maps into
unchartered waters beyond the sight of land
Ocean Currents – moving streams of water
Wind Patterns – movements of the air
Sea captains had to learn these currents and patterns
to keep their ships on course.
Sailors discovered over time when to ride a current and
when to escape it.
These winds and currents could carry a ship forward
or blow it off course.
World Ocean Currents
Prevailing Wind Patterns
From Land to Sea
Marco Polo discovered the Silk Road
 Europeans were connected to China – silks, spices ,
 Ottomans took over the Silk Road - prices became too
 Europeans needed to find an all-water route to Asia.
Around Africa
Portugal took the lead in the exploration of this new
route to Asia
Prince Henry the Navigator set up a naval research
center on the southwestern tip of Portugal
He sent sailors to map the coast of West Africa
The Portugal empire grew out of this exploration
Empire – a group of territories or nations under a
single ruler or government
Across the Atlantic
 1492
– Spain backed Christopher Columbus, an
Italian sailor to find a water route to Asia by
sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean
 Columbus left with three ships: the Nina, the
Pinta & the Santa Maria
Portugal and Spain Divide the New
Portugal did not want to be outdone by Spain and the
foothold Columbus gave them in the Americas
 Portugal asked the pope to draw a line of demarcation
down the middle of the Atlantic Ocean from the North
Pole to the South Pole.
 Spain controlled all lands
to the west of the line
 Portugal controlled all lands
to the east of the line
 Bartholomeu
Dias sailed for Portugal to the
southern tip of Africa
 Vasco da Gama sailed for Portugal around the
southern tip of Africa and made it to India
 Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese sea
captain, sailed for Spain around the tip of
South America to Asia. His ships were the first
to circumnavigate the globe.
 Conquistadors - Spanish conquerors
Colonial Expansion
Wherever these European explorers went in
the world they claimed the land and
conquered the people.
Colonies were created.
Colonies are the settlements in a new territory
that keeps close ties with the homeland.
Three C’s
1. Claimed the land
2. Conquered the people
3. Created settlements
Three G’s
1. God
2. Gold
3. Glory
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