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World history
Chapter 5
Ancient Kush
(c. 2300 BC - AD 350)
10 Topics for Chapter 5
1.Ancient Kush
2.Ebony and Ivory
3.Kush and Eygpt
4.Kush rules Egypt
5.The end of kushite rule in Egypt
6.Kushite Metalwork
7.Kush’s trade Network
8.Exports and Imports
9.Rulers of Kush
10.Decline and Defeat of Kushite Kingdom
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Chapter 5
Ancient Kush
(c. 2300 BC - AD 350)
Ancient Kush
1.Ancient Kush
Ancient Kush
Like all early civilizations, the
people of Nubia depended on
agriculture for their food. Fortunately
for them, the Nile’s floods allowed the Nubians to plant
both summer and winter crops. Among the crops they
grew were wheat, barley, and other grains. In addition to
farmland, the banks of the river provided grazing land for
cattle and other livestock. As a result, farming villages
thrived all along the Nile by about 3500 BC.
Chapter 5
Ancient Kush
(c. 2300 BC - AD 350)
2.Ebony and Ivory
Ebony and Ivory
Ebony and Ivory
ebony, a type of dark, heavy wood and ivory, a
white material made from elephant tusks.
Chapter
Ancient Kush
(c. 2300 BC - AD 350)
3.Kush and Egypt
Kush and Egypt
Kush and Egypt
Early in its history, Egypt dominated Kush, forcing
Kushites to give tribute to Egypt. Later, as Kush’s
power increased, its warriors invaded and
conquered Egypt. This photo shows Kushite and
Egyptian warriors. After conquering Egypt, Kush
established a new dynasty. This photo shows one of
Kush’s pharaohs kneeling before an Egyptian god.
Chapter 5
Ancient Kush
(c. 2300 BC - AD 350)
4. Kush rules Egypt
Kush rules Egypt
Kush rules Egypt
• a Kushite king, Kashta, took advantage of
Egypt’s weakness. Kashta attacked Egypt, and by
about 751 BC he had conquered Upper Egypt. He
then established relations with Lower Egypt.
Chapter 5
Ancient Kush
(c. 2300 BC - AD 350)
5.The End of Kushite Rule in
Egypt
The end of Kushite rule in Egypt
The end of Kushite rule in Egypt
When the Assyrians invaded Egypt with their iron weapons, they
forced Kush’s rulers out of Egypt and south into Nubia.
Chapter 5
Ancient Kush
(c. 2300 BC - AD 350)
6.Kushite Metalwork
Kushite Metalwork
Kushite Metalwork
Kush’s crafts-people made iron spearheads and gold jewelry.
Chapter 5
Ancient Kush
(c. 2300 BC - AD 350)
7.Kush’s trade Network
Kush’s trade Network
Kush’s trade Network
• Ancient Kush was at the center of a large trading network with connections to Europe,
Africa, and Asia. Kush’s location and production of iron goods helped make it a rich
trading center.
Chapter 5
Ancient Kush
(c. 2300 BC - AD 350)
8.Exports and Imports
Exports and Imports
Exports and Imports
Kush’s exports—items sent to other regions for trade—included
gold, pottery, iron tools, slaves, and ivory. Kushite merchants also
exported leopard skins, ostrich feathers, and elephants. In return,
the Kushites received imports—goods brought in from other
regions—such as fine jewelry and luxury items from Egypt, Asia,
and lands around the Mediterranean Sea.
Chapter 5
Ancient Kush
(c. 2300 BC - AD 350)
9.Rulers of Kush
Rulers of Kush
Rulers of Kush
Like the Egyptians, the people of Kush considered their rulers to
be gods. Kush’s culture was similar to Egypt’s, but there were also
important differences.
Chapter 5
Ancient Kush
(c. 2300 BC - AD 350)
10.Decline and Defeat of Kushite kingdom
Decline and Defeat of Kushite kingdom
Decline and Defeat of Kushite kingdom
Developments inside and outside of the kingdom lead to its
downfall. First, Kush’s economic power decreased by a reduction
in trade. A nearby kingdom, Aksum, began a new trade route that
bypassed Kush. Second, overgrazing attributed to its downfall.
The cattle ate all the grass so there was nothing to hold down the
soil. The nutrient rich soil blew away and left Kush unable to
produce enough food for its people. Finally, as Kush’s power
declined, Aksum took Kushite over the kingdom.
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