Figurative Language Simile, Metaphor, Hyperbole, Personification, Alliteration, & Onomatopoeia SIMILE a figure of speech, in which two things are compared uses the words “like” or “as” example: “She is like a rose.” Built like a tank Still as a stone METAPHOR The comparison of one thing to another Does NOT use ‘like’ or ‘as’ A stronger comparison- says something IS something else. Example: She IS a rose He IS a tank Examples of a Metaphor Perry is a pig when he eats. The teacher was a witch to the children. He was a volcano, ready to explode with anger. My mother is a rock during troubled times. HYPERBOLE A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect Example: I could sleep for a year or This book weighs a ton. PERSONIFICATION Giving human qualities to animals or objects Example: The daffodils nodded their yellow heads in the wind or The snow whispered as it fell to the ground. ALLITERATION Repeating the same first consonant in speech (must repeat at least two times in a row) Example: “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers” or “dewdrops dwell delicately” Onomatopoeia The use of words that imitate the sounds they describe Example: “The burning wood crackled and hissed” or “The bacon sizzled on the stove” IDIOMS An idiom is an expression that means something other than the literal meanings of its individual words. Example: It’s raining cats and dogs. Literal- Cats and dogs are raining from the sky. Figurative- It is raining really hard. Examples of idioms: This will be a piece of cake: A task that can be accomplished very easily. I’m stuck between a rock and a hard place: Stuck between two very bad options. Bite Your Tongue!: Avoid talking.