Figurative Language

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Figurative Language
Language not meant literally but
use for emotional effect or
emphasis
Hyperbole
• It was a zillion degrees
below zero.
Simile
• Example: “…the rug that
smells like low tide.
Metaphor
• A direct comparison
between two unlike
things
Personification
• giving an animal or
object human-like
characteristics.
Metaphor
• Example: "You are a
cloud.”
Hyperbole
• Extreme exaggeration
not to be taken literally,
often used for
humorous effect
Simile
• Comparing two unlike things
using like or as
Personification
• The book jumped out of
my hands.
Metaphor
• a comparison between
two or more things that
doesn't use the words
like or as.
Oxymoron
• Old news
Onomatopoeia
• “Bang. Squirrel stew
tonight!”
Hyperbole
• Example: “I keep
tripping over everything.
Cracks in the sidewalk,
ants on the sidewalk,
shadows, anything.”
Personification
• Example: “…until the
last spark dies”
Oxymoron
• When contradictory
words are used
together
Irony
• an outcome of events
contrary to what was,
or might have been,
expected.
Simile
• a comparison between
two or more things using
the words like or as.
Alliteration
• Repetition of initial
consonant sounds.
Allusion
• It was as if Jack Frost
had moved in with us.
Malapropism
• misusing words
ridiculously, especially
by the confusion of
words that are similar in
sound.
Irony
We expect Kenny to be
happy when Byron gets
his gloves back, but he
is sad for Larry Dunn.
Onomatopoeia
• When a word sounds
like the sound it is
naming.
Malapropism
• I’ll be the laughing sock
of the whole school!
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