Figurative Language Language not meant literally but use for emotional effect or emphasis Hyperbole • It was a zillion degrees below zero. Simile • Example: “…the rug that smells like low tide. Metaphor • A direct comparison between two unlike things Personification • giving an animal or object human-like characteristics. Metaphor • Example: "You are a cloud.” Hyperbole • Extreme exaggeration not to be taken literally, often used for humorous effect Simile • Comparing two unlike things using like or as Personification • The book jumped out of my hands. Metaphor • a comparison between two or more things that doesn't use the words like or as. Oxymoron • Old news Onomatopoeia • “Bang. Squirrel stew tonight!” Hyperbole • Example: “I keep tripping over everything. Cracks in the sidewalk, ants on the sidewalk, shadows, anything.” Personification • Example: “…until the last spark dies” Oxymoron • When contradictory words are used together Irony • an outcome of events contrary to what was, or might have been, expected. Simile • a comparison between two or more things using the words like or as. Alliteration • Repetition of initial consonant sounds. Allusion • It was as if Jack Frost had moved in with us. Malapropism • misusing words ridiculously, especially by the confusion of words that are similar in sound. Irony We expect Kenny to be happy when Byron gets his gloves back, but he is sad for Larry Dunn. Onomatopoeia • When a word sounds like the sound it is naming. Malapropism • I’ll be the laughing sock of the whole school!