Regulations for The Priests • Leviticus 6:8 – 7:38 • The LORD provides specific INSTRUCTIONS to the priests regarding the FIVE types of sacrifices to be made in TEMPLE worship. • Continual DIALOGUE between Moses and YAHWEH • The INSTRUCTIONS deal with food preparation, clothes to wear, how to dispose of the ashes, how the fire should be kept Holy Vestments • Leviticus 6:9 - 10 • Holy Vestments marked the priest’s sacred office and status when he OFFICIATED in the SANCTUARY. • Vestments consisted of an underskirt, linen tunic, embroidered linen sash, and linen skullcap. • Each item received a sprinkling of blood and holy oil. The Priest…Decreed Forever • Leviticus 6:22 • God designated the high priest as PRESENTER of this offering. • As such, each HP from that day forward was responsible for this DAILY RITUAL • Descendants of ancient ISRAEL no longer make these offerings today because of the destruction of the TEMPLE in AD 70. • Which is why we have a NEW HIGH PRIEST Therefore since we have a great High Priest (Jesus the Son of God) who has gone through the heavens, let us hold firmly to the faith we profess. For we do not have a high priest who is unable to understand us. Why? Because he has been tempted in every way but has no sin. (Hebrews 4:14-16) GIVE US THIS DAY OUR DAILY BREAD… • See Leviticus 7:6 – 10 • God ORDAINED that the officiating priest was given the meat of the guilt and sin offerings and the hide of the burnt offering. • The GRAIN offering, after the memorial portions was burned, is DIVIDED equally among the priests. • Notice how GOD faithfully supplied the DAILY needs of this OT priesthood. 3 TYPES of PEACE OFFERINGS • To GIVE THANKS to the LORD (7:11 – 15) • To FULFILL a VOW (7:16) • To VOLUNTEER an offering in a sense of GRATITUDE and CONSECRATION to God (7:16) Leviticus 8 – 15 Consecration of the Priests Aaron’s Offering The Death of Nadab and Abihu Clean and Unclean Animals Purification Laws Leprosy Laws Consecration of the Priests Leviticus 8 (1 – 36) A new section that presents God’s GUIDELINES for the ordination of the priesthood. God COMMANDS Moses to CONDUCT the initial rite of ordination for the HIGH PRIEST 4 ELEMENTS OF THE ORDINATION RITUAL 1. Vestments WORN by the priests when the officiated at the altar 2. Holy ANNOINTING OIL that SANCTIFIED a person or object 3. THREE ANIMALS for the sin, burnt, and ORDINATION offering. 4. UNLEAVEND BREAD Ordination was a public worship service involving the entire Israelite community RAM OF ORDINATION (8:22 – 29) • Third SACRIFICE offered during rite of ordination. • This was a unique offering in THREE WAYS: • Moses splashed blood on the sides of the altar, then applied blood to the right ear, right thumb, and right big toe of the priestly candidate • Moses performed a unique WAVE Offering • Moses received the breast rather than the thigh, because he was NOT a PRIEST, though he was a LEVITE And you shall not go outside the entrance of the tent of meeting for seven days, until the days of your ordination are completed, for it will take sevens days to ordain you…and you will remain at the entrance of the tent of meeting day and night…so that you do not die, for so I have been commanded Leviticus 8:33 – 36 A New Era Begins (Leviticus 9) • The EIGHTH day of ordination marked the beginning of a NEW ERA • Aaron and His SONS began their service to GOD in their CAPACITY as high priest and priests. The Aaron lifted up his hands toward the people and blessed them and he came toward the people and blessed them…and the glory of the LORD appeared to all the people. And the fire came out from before the LORD and consumed the offerings…and when all the people saw it, they shouted and fell on their faces Now Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, each took his censer and put fire in it and laid incense on it, and offered unauthorized fire before the Lord, which he had not commanded them. And fire came out from the Lord and consumed them, and they died before the Lord. (Leviticus 10:1 – 2) Important Priestly Duties (10:10 – 11) • They were to between the CLEAN and UNCLEAN and the HOLY ad COMMON • They are were also responsible for TEACHING the people of ISRAEL all the statues that the LORD had spoken to them by Moses Bear the Iniquity … (10:17) • The Levites bore the iniquity of the people • The Aaronic priests bore the iniquity of the whole priesthood • The High Priest bore the iniquity for acts of sacrilege during worship • The Day of Atonement bore the iniquities of both priests and people Manuel of Purity (chapters 11 – 15) • Chapter 11 – Dietary Rules (clean and unclean) • Chapter 12 – Purification After Childbirth • Chapter 13 and 14 – Laws About Leprosy • Chapter 15 – Laws about Bodily Discharge 2x in chapter 11 we are reminded to “be holy, for I am holy.” v. 44 – For I am the LORD your God v. 45 – For I brought you out of Egypt. For I am the LORD your God… This covenant phrase appears 45 times from here to the end of Leviticus. It serves as a reminder to the Israelites that YAHWEH had distinguished Israel from other nations (20:24), that He might sanctify the chosen people (20:8; 21:8) and be their God. Purpose of the Dietary Rules • Each dietary regulations was LOVINGLY put in place so that God might protect his PEOPLE from death such as what was experienced by Nadab and Abihu, who died because of their impurity. • Disobedience to God’s Word results in DEATH, but when we follow his word, he grants LIFE and FELLOWSHIP by his GRACE. Purification After Childbirth • • • • • For a SON – Unclean for 7 days For a DAUGHTER – Unclean for 14 days For a Son on the 8th day circumcised For a SON – 33 days of purification (40) For a DAUGTHER – 66 days of purification (80) • Provide a burnt offering and sin offering for purification Purification After Childbirth • Childbirth made a woman ceremonially unclean • These rules would exempt the NEW mother from the RIGORS of the Law and her TYPICAL role in family/community life. • The also promised cleansing and restoration for mother and child.