Early Industrial Revolution 1765 -1860 Cause & Effect Essential Questions - Industrial Revolution Where, when, and why did the Industrial Revolution (I.R.) begin in the world and the US? What caused the War of 1812 & how did it effect the US? What were some of the causes and effects of different technological “advances”? What were some of the leading inventions of the early I.R. and how did they change the US (positively and negatively)? Who were some of the leading inventors of the early I.R. and what did they do? How did the I.R. change the way goods were made and the lives of many Americans? What was life like in early factories? What was the impact of the I.R. on American cities? Why did families send their children off to work in factories? What impact did immigration have on wages and working conditions? Key Inventions 2700 BC – The Wheel & Axle 500 AD – Horse Collar 1000 Gunpowder 1450 Gutenberg Printing Press 1500 Cannons 1543 Copernicus (Sun does not revolve around the earth). 1685 Newton’s Laws of Gravity & Motion 1841 Canning of food 1850 Refrigeration 1876 Telephone 1882 Electric Iron 1903 Powered Flight (a.k.a. airplane) 1907 Electric Washing Machine 1908 Model T Ford Car 1910 Modern Lighting 1918 Electric Clock 1945 Atomic Bomb 1947 Microwave Oven 1961 Space Travel 1962 Tab opening soda can 1983 Personal Computers 1990 Internet (consumer use) Life in the 1800’s Travel Communications Live Work Play/Luxury Sod house on the plains – 1911. John Deere’s Plow John Deere’s Plow What were some of the causes and effects of this? How did this change America? What do you notice in this picture? What room is this? What are they doing in this 1912 picture? Key Negative Effects Increased pollution Took land away from Native Americans Increased internal & external conflict(s) Child Labor Increased the divide between laborers and wealthy. Longer working hours for many people. Helped bring about the Civil War Factories produced more pollution Changed the family structure Key Benefits to America Growth in population through immigration Economy shifted from a barter economy to a cash economy. Country expanded rapidly to the Pacific Ocean Shifted from an agricultural nation to an industrial one We became a more tolerant nation (of other races) Helped end slavery Helped to give women the right to vote Better standard of living People began to live longer More educated population Nation became more powerful Development of the Middle Class What role did the War of 1812 play in America’s Industrial Revolution? How did the War of 1812 help launch the I.R. in the US? Before the war we bought almost all our finished goods from England up During the war the British blockaded our coast and refused to sell us any finished goods, forced America to begin to build factories and make its own manufactured (or finished) goods. South forced to sell raw materials to the North, and buy finished goods from the North After the war we continued to build factories and produce finished goods.