Industrial Revolution Cause & Effect

advertisement
Early Industrial Revolution
1765 -1860
Cause & Effect
Essential Questions - Industrial Revolution










Where, when, and why did the Industrial Revolution (I.R.) begin in the
world and the US?
What caused the War of 1812 & how did it effect the US?
What were some of the causes and effects of different technological
“advances”?
What were some of the leading inventions of the early I.R. and how did
they change the US (positively and negatively)?
Who were some of the leading inventors of the early I.R. and what did
they do?
How did the I.R. change the way goods were made and the lives of many
Americans?
What was life like in early factories?
What was the impact of the I.R. on American cities?
Why did families send their children off to work in factories?
What impact did immigration have on wages and working conditions?
Key Inventions






















2700 BC – The Wheel & Axle
500 AD – Horse Collar
1000 Gunpowder
1450 Gutenberg Printing Press
1500 Cannons
1543 Copernicus (Sun does not revolve around the earth).
1685 Newton’s Laws of Gravity & Motion
1841 Canning of food
1850 Refrigeration
1876 Telephone
1882 Electric Iron
1903 Powered Flight (a.k.a. airplane)
1907 Electric Washing Machine
1908 Model T Ford Car
1910 Modern Lighting
1918 Electric Clock
1945 Atomic Bomb
1947 Microwave Oven
1961 Space Travel
1962 Tab opening soda can
1983 Personal Computers
1990 Internet (consumer use)
Life in the 1800’s
Travel
 Communications
 Live
 Work
 Play/Luxury

Sod house on the plains – 1911.
John Deere’s Plow
John Deere’s Plow
What were some of the causes and effects
of this?
 How did this change America?

What do you notice in this picture?
What room is this?
What are they doing in this 1912
picture?
Key Negative Effects
 Increased
pollution
 Took land away from Native Americans
 Increased internal & external conflict(s)
 Child Labor
 Increased the divide between laborers and wealthy.
 Longer working hours for many people.
 Helped bring about the Civil War
 Factories produced more pollution
 Changed the family structure
Key Benefits to America












Growth in population through immigration
Economy shifted from a barter economy to a cash economy.
Country expanded rapidly to the Pacific Ocean
Shifted from an agricultural nation to an industrial one
We became a more tolerant nation (of other races)
Helped end slavery
Helped to give women the right to vote
Better standard of living
People began to live longer
More educated population
Nation became more powerful
Development of the Middle Class
What role did the War of 1812 play in
America’s Industrial Revolution?
How did the War of 1812 help
launch the I.R. in the US?




Before the war we bought almost all our finished
goods from England up
During the war the British blockaded our coast
and refused to sell us any finished goods, forced
America to begin to build factories and make its
own manufactured (or finished) goods.
South forced to sell raw materials to the North,
and buy finished goods from the North
After the war we continued to build factories and
produce finished goods.
Download
Related flashcards
Create Flashcards