India by Ian MacMoran India Table of Contents Map of India and it's Regions - Page 3 Some of India's Important Events - Page 4 India's Regions - Page 5 India's Government and Currency - Page 6 Religious Beliefs and Places of Worship in India - Page 7 Shelter in India - Page 8 Family Life in India - Page 9 Indian Values - Page 10 Indian Foods and Drinks - Page 11 Indian Clothing - Page 12 Indian Sports, Hobbies and Entertainment - Page 13 Indian Celebrations and Customs - Page 14 Glossary - Page 15 Index - Page 16 Bibliography Page 17,18 The Himalayas Calcutta & the East Rajasthan & the North Mumbai, Goa & Central India Kerala & South India India's latitude is 20 N and India's longitude is 70 E. W N S Some of India's Important Events 1,500 B.C The Aryans came to India with the sandskrit language. 326 B.C. Alexander the Great arrives. 1631 The Taj Mahal was built. 1869 Mahatma Gandhi's birth. 1947 India becomes indepdent as two states. 1948 Mahatma Gandhi was murdered. 1995 Bombay's name gets chaged to Mumbai This is a picture of the Taj Mahal with the reflecting pool. India's Regions The Himalayas is the most northern region. The Himalayans are very mountainous. Rajasthan & the North sits right below the Himalayans, that's were the Taj Mahal is. Calcutta & the East is in the eastern part of India and is home of India's longest river, the Brahmaputra. Mumbai, Goa & Central India is in central India. It is full of national parks. Kerala & the South is in the southen part of India. It is known for its Hindu art and architecture. This is a picture of Mumbai at night. India's Government and Currency In India their currency is rupees. Rupee coins are available in 1,2,5 and 10. Rupee dollars are available in 10,20,50,100,500 and 1,000. The face on rupee bank notes (like our dollar) is Mahatma Gandhi. The Indian federal government has two houses of parliament. One is the People's Assembly and the other is the Council of states. In India the president is like a king or queen. The Prime Minister is the one that leads the government. In India all presidents are appointed. The Prime Minister is appointed by the president. These are rupees. Religious Beliefs and Places of Worship in India In India a religious belief is the caste system. In the caste system you are represented as a body part from one of Indian gods Purusa. Priests called Brammins are from his mouth. Warriors and Nobels called Kshatryias from his arms. Merchants called Vaishyas are from his thigh and non-Aryans called Sudras are from his feet. More then 80% of Indians are Hindu! There are many Hindu temples all around India for worship. This is a diagram of the caste system. Shelter in India Shelter in India varies groatly depending on wealth. Many extended families live in the same house. Many people live in villages in a room no bigger then 10 by 10 feet. You bathe and cook outside your house in villages. Village houses are mostly made of wood, straw and mud. This is a picture of a typical village house in India. Family Life in India Family is very important in India. Kids are expected to help their family, parents work to keep the house running and grandparents are respected for their age and wisdom. There is more emphasis on extended family in India, otherwise Indian families are similar to us. This is a picture of family life in India. Indian Values Indians value simple material comforts such as simple clothing and dress, physical purity, and spiritual refinement. Family closeness is highly valued by Indians. Indians deeply respect Mahatma Gandhi and what he did to help India. This is a picture of Mahatma Gandhi. Indian Foods and Drinks Indian food is very diverse and depends on where you live. Indians like to use lots of spices in their cooking, especially curry. Refusing foods and drinks in India is seen as an insult. It is not safe to drink water from the faucet in India. You must drink bottled water because it is sterilized. Chai is a sweet spiced tea and is a specialty in India. Here is Chai's recipe, my Mom's style. One cup milk, 5 cups water, 1 cinnamon stick, 2 bay leaves, 4 cloves, 6 cardamon pods, 2 black peppercorns, 1 anise star, 2 tablespoons of black tea and 3 tablespoons sugar. These are Chai tea spices. Indian Clothing India dress is quite conservative. Women often were saris which is a long piece of colorful cloth wrapped around their body. Different colored saris represent different events, like gold or yellow for weddings. Women also wear Shalwar Kameezs which are long dresses over loose pants. Men's clothing depends on the region in India. In south India they wear long white sheets of cloth over pants. This is a picture of a women in a Shalwar Kameez. Indian Sports, Hobbies and Entertainment Cricket is the most popular sport in India. Fans love to watch India v.s. Pakistan in cricket. Other popular sports are soccer, tennis, polo, and field hockey. India has got 8 Olympics gold medals in field hockey. Hobbies in India are like ours. Examples are art and collecting coins. Entertainment in India is like ours such as movies, sports and music. Here is a game of cricket. Indian Celebrations and Customs Holi Holiday is a celebration. It always starts the day of the full moon in March. On Holi Holiday you throw gulal (bright powders and water) at anybody and everybody. A custom in India is if you are a Hindu women and you just got married you will have a mehendi. A bride gets a mehendi from her family. This is a picture of a mehendi. Glossary anise: a Mediterranean plant that yields aniseed cardamon: the aromatic seed capsules of a tropical Asian plant cricket: a game for two teams of 11 members each played on a field curry: a pungent mixture of finely ground spices extended family: a kinship group consisting of a married couple, their children, and various close relatives Himalayans: three parallel chains of mountains with deep valleys mehendi: the dyeing of hands stained with a brown-red pattern parliament: any of several high courts of justice polo: a game played on horseback between 2 teams of 4 players each sterilized: to cleanse by destroying microorganisms or parasites Taj Mahal: a tomb made entirely of white marble for Emperor Shah Jahan's wife who died in 1631 Index Anise Star 11 Brahmaputra 5 Calcutta & the East 3,5 Cardamon 11 Caste System 7 Chai Tea 11 Cricket 13 Curry 11 Extended Family 9 Gulal 14 Himalayans 3,5 Holi Holiday 14 Kerala & the South 3,5 Mehendi 14 Mumbai, Goa & Central India 3,5 Parliament 6 Physical Purity 10 Polo 13 Rajasthan & the North 3,5 Rupee 6 Sari 12 Shalwar Kameez 12 Spiritual Refinement 10 Sterilized 11 Taj Mahal 5 Villages 8 Bibliography Books Dalal, A. Kamala. India. Washington D.C.: National Geographic, 2007. Ganer, Anita. Exploration Into India. New York: New Discovery Books, 1994. Webster's Universal College Dictionary. New York: Gramercy Books, 1997. Websites Wells, Jimmy. "Indian Rupee." Wikipedia.org. Jimmy Wells, 2011. <en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_rupee>. Wells, Jimmy. "Housing in India." Wikipedia.org. Jimmy Wells, 2007. <en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Housing_in_India>. Author Unknown. "Indian Regions." Audley Travel.com. 2011. <www.audleytravel.com/Destinations/Indian-Subcontinent>. Author Unknown. "Indian Hobbies." Indian Hobbies. 2007. <indianhobbies.com/index.html>. Author Unknown. "General Attitudes." Culture Grams. 2012. <online.culturegrams.com>.