Age of Exploration & Isolation

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The Ottoman and
Mughal Empires
World History II
Location of the Ottoman Empire
Began in Asia Minor
 Spread throughout:

– Asia
– Southeastern Europe (Balkan Peninsula)
– North Africa

The capital was Constantinople
– Constantinople now called Istanbul.
2
Picture Pac Man
eating half of the
Eastern
Mediterranean!
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3
Suleiman the
Magnificent
Led the
expansion of
the Ottoman
Empire!
4
What were the
Accomplishments of the
Ottoman Empire?
(Look at the next several pictures
to answer this question!)
Ottoman Empire
Minarets or
Calling Towers
Mosques
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6
The Ottomans Were Muslim!
Brought much of the Muslim territory in
Southwest Asia and North Africa under
their rule.
 Islamic religion was used as a unifying
force
 Accepted other religions

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Ottoman Empire
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Ceramics

Produced and traded ceramics with
intricate Muslim designs.
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Ottoman Empire
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10
Products

Traded Coffee and Spices.
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11
Constantinople?
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Constantinople?
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The Mughal Empire
Opener – Sept 18
What empires share a border with
the Safavid (Persian) Empire?
(Pg. A26/27)
What were the
contributions of the Mughal
Emperors of India?
How did the Mughal Empire
trade with European
Nations?
Background to the Mughals
Descendants of the Mongols
 Babur was the first to establish the Mughal
Dynasty
 Established an Empire in Northern India
 Chief Builder = Akbar the Great (1556 –
1605)
 Lasted from 1526 – 1857.

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Mughal Empire
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Mughal Empire
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Mughal Empire
Babur
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Mughal Empire
Akbar
The Great
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Mughal Accomplishments

The Mughals made many
advancements in the areas of Art,
Architecture, and Literature!
– Art: - Textiles made from cotton
– Architecture: - The Taj Mahal
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The Taj Mahal
 Mausoleum
in India
 Built by Emperor Shah Jahan in
memory of his favorite wife,
Mumatz Mahal.
 22 Years to Complete
 1,000 elephants
 20,000 laborers
23
Mughal Empire
Shah
Jahan
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Mughal Empire
Taj Mahal
Built for Mumtaz Mahal (Shah Jahan’s wife; died
after giving birth to 14th child)
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25
Architectural Elements of
the Taj Mahal
Note the
Muslim
influence!
26
Mughal Empire
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Textiles
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Trade with Europeans
Portugal, England, and the Netherlands
wanted Mughal textiles!
 They Competed for the Indian Ocean
trade by establishing coastal ports on the
Indian subcontinent.

29
Southern India

Southern India – Not part of Mughal
Empire

Traded silks, spices and gems.
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