The Planets

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The Planets
By Gustav Holst
Gustav Holst completed this suite of seven
tone poems for large orchestra in 1915.
According to Holst, “these pieces were
suggested by the astrological significance
of the planets…”
Therefore, these slides not only allow you
to hear the music, they also show you the
planets of our solar system, with
important facts and pictures, and the
Roman or Greek mythological gods for
whom the planets were named.
Mercury
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Size:
About 1/3 as wide as the Earth
Temperature: -279F to 800F
Moons: none
Mercury orbits the sun in 88 Earth days.
Mercury is the planet closest to the Sun.
It’s grey surface is covered with craters.
Mercury is a ball of rock with no
atmosphere.
Mercury
The planet was named for
Roman god “Mercury.” His
Greek name was “Hermes”.
He was the mythological
messenger for Jupiter.
Had wings on his hat and his
sandals.
He played the lyre.
He was always ready for
action.
Mercury
Mercury, the
Winged Messenger
www.youtube.com/watch?v=oXS
QnSF0K8s&feature=related
Shows pictures of Mercury
www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rkii
AloL6aE
Shows video of orchestra
Venus
Size:
Almost as large as the Earth
Moons: none
Temperature: 890F Venus is VERY Hot!
Venus is the second planet from the Sun.
Venus and Earth are called twins because
they’re almost the same size.
• It has thick yellow clouds made of acid.
• The surface has lots of volcanoes, mountains,
and big cracks.
• Venus orbits around the Sun in 224 Earth days.
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Venus
The planet was named for
the Roman goddess
“Venus.”
Her Greek name was
Aphrodite.
She was the mythological
goddess of love and
beauty.
Venus
Venus, the
Bringer of
Peace
www.youtube.com/watch
?v=K1f8HjIkU3M&featur
e=related
Shows pictures of Venus
www.youtube.com/watch
?v=PyBkzZoMYN4
Shows video of orchestra
Earth
Size:
7,926 miles in diameter
Moons: one
Temperature: -130F to 136F
Earth is the third planet from the Sun.
It is mainly made of rock.
It has water on the surface and air we can
breathe.
• From space, Earth looks like a blue ball with land
that is brown and green, and white clouds.
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Earth
Gustav Holst did not write a piece of
music for our planet Earth.
Mars
Size:
About half as big as Earth
Moons: two
Temperature: -200F to -62F
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun.
It is mainly made of rock.
Mars is covered with red rocks that are full of
iron and have turned rusty.
• There are huge volcanoes and lots of craters on
the surface.
• Mars’ orbit is equal to almost 2 Earth years.
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Mars
The planet was named for
Roman god “Mars.” His
Greek name was “Ares”.
He was the mythological
god of war.
He loved bloody wars and
had a cold heart;
But he was a bad loser and
a coward.
Mars
Mars, the Bringer
of War
www.youtube.com/watch?v=s8E
wBTQhl3Y&feature=related
Shows pictures of Mars
www.youtube.com/watch?v=AG
GlL1wexQk
Shows video of orchestra
Jupiter
Size:
About eleven Earths across
Moons: 60
Temperature: -278F. Jupiter is really cold
Mars is the fifth planet from the Sun.
It is the largest planet in our solar system.
Jupiter is mainly made of liquid and gas, with a
small rocky core.
• Jupiter is orange, red, yellow, brown, and white.
It also has a Great Red Spot, which is a constant
hurricane.
• Jupiter’s orbit takes 12 Earth years.
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Jupiter
The planet was named for
Roman god “Jupiter.” His
Greek name was “Zeus”.
He was the mythological king
of the gods and god of heaven
and earth.
In anger, Jupiter hurled his
thunderbolt to punish those
who deserved it.
He was also wise and fair and
generous with his praise.
“Jupiter” includes a beautiful hymn
“I Vow To Thee My Country” which is
very popular in England.
Here is the popular British singer
Charlotte Church performing this
song.
Jupiter
Jupiter, the
Bringer of Jollity
www.youtube.com/watch?v=hUx
3G6YHp7Y&feature=related
Shows pictures of Jupiter
www.youtube.com/watch?v=hUx
3G6YHp7Y
Shows video of orchestra
Saturn
Size:
Over nine Earths in diameter.
Moons: 31
Temperature: -292F. Saturn is REALLY cold!
Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun.
It is a giant planet with beautiful rings made of
pieces of rock and dust.
• Saturn is mainly made of gas and liquid, with a
small rocky core.
• Saturn is gold, brown, and white. It s rings are
gold, brown, white, red, yellow, and green.
• Saturn’s orbit takes over 29 Earth years.
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Saturn
The planet was named for
Roman god “Saturn.” His
Greek name was “Cronus”.
He was the mythological god
of agriculture and harvest
time.
He held a sickle in his left
hand and a bundle of wheat
in his right hand.
Both the planet and Saturday
were named after him.
Saturn
Saturn, the
Bringer of Old
Age
www.youtube.com/watch?v=
Qb79SiZrzvw&feature=related
Shows pictures of Saturn
www.youtube.com/watch?v=
R23xW7xpm-Y
Shows video of orchestra
Uranus
Size:
Uranus is about 4 Earths across
Moons: 27
Temperature: -346F. Uranus is SUPER cold!
Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun.
The clouds that circle the planet are greenishblue.
• Uranus is a ball of gas with a rocky core.
• Uranus also has 11 thin rings that surround the
planet.
• Uranus’ orbit takes 84 Earth years.
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Uranus
The planet was named for
Greek god “Uranus.” His
Roman name was “Caelus”.
He was the mythological god
of the sky.
He was married to Gaia,
mother earth.
He was connected to the
night sky and was also
thought of as the rainmaker.
Uranus
Uranus, the
Magician
www.youtube.com/watch?v
=m5G6ffAOJUk&feature=re
lated
Shows pictures of Uranus
www.youtube.com/watch?v
=lGfwxpuY2jY
Shows video of orchestra
Neptune
Size:
Neptune is about 4 Earths in diameter.
Moons: 11
Temperature: -353F. Neptune is SUPER cold!
Neptune is the eighth planet from the Sun.
The planet is surrounded by blue clouds and dark
rings.
• Neptune is a ball of gas with a metal core.
• Neptune’s orbit takes 165 Earth years.
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Neptune
The planet was named for
Roman god “Neptune.”
His Greek name was
“Poseiden”.
He was the mythological
god of water and the sea.
He was also associated
with fresh water, lakes,
and springs.
Neptune
Neptune, the
Mystic
www.youtube.com/watch?v=PSJ
ub1A1aIk&feature=related
Shows pictures of Neptune
www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZQ
QGi4gN6gI
Shows video of orchestra
Pluto
Size:
Pluto is only 1420 miles across.
Moons: 3
Temperature: -390F. Pluto is ALWAYS cold!
Pluto is usually the farthest planet from the Sun,
but sometimes its orbit passes inside Neptune’s.
• Pluto is the smallest planet in our solar system.
• Pluto is a ball of frozen gas.
• It’s orbit takes 248 Earth years.
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Pluto
The planet was named for Roman god
“Pluto.” His Greek name was “Hades”.
He was the mythological god of the
underworld.
When Mercury brought souls of the
dead to him, Pluto saw that none
escaped.
His three-headed dog, Cerberus, stood
guard at the locked gate of the
underworld.
He was also rich, for all the treasures in
the ground were his.
Pluto
Gustav Holst did not
write a piece of
music for Pluto
because the planet
had not been
discovered yet in
1919.
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