Chapter 14 Study Guide Name:______________________________ (1-4) Use text pages 464-467 1. In the 1850s, most Southerners lived on ________________ and in small _________________. 2. In 1860, ______________ of the ten largest cities in the whole United States were located in the North. 3. By 1850, most Northern states had ____________________ slavery. 4. In the South’s economy, slavery was _____________________. The goods an enslaved person produced brought at least _________________ as much money as the cost of owning a slave. (5-8) Use text pages 470-474 5. When enslaved people resisted slavery (held back on work, broke tools, learned to read and write), they were fighting against a cruel system and fight for ________________. 6. The ____________________ slave ship rebellion ended with the Africans gaining their freedom to return to Africa from the Supreme Court of the United States. 7. ________________ ________________ was the most famous conductor on the Underground Railroad. 8. Although one in nine Africans in America were free Americans, they feared losing their _______________ by being accused of being an escaped slave. (9-13) Use text pages 476-482 9. In 1820, the ________________ Compromise allowed Maine to join the United States as a free state and allowed Missouri to join the United States as a slave state. This way, the country remained evenly _________________________. 10. In the vote deciding whether Kansas would be a free state or a slave state, Northerners claimed the vote was __________________ because slave owners from Missouri crossed the state border between the states to vote in Kansas. 11. An 1857 Supreme Court decision that said African Americans had no rights and were not citizens of the United State was about a man named _________________ ____________________. 12. ________________ __________________ raid on the army’s arsenal at Harpers Ferry showed the struggle over slavery was growing and was further dividing the North and South. 13. _________________ ________________ was opposed to the spread of slavery and __________________ _________________ believed each state had the right to do as it pleases on slaves. (14-16) Use pages 484-487 14. To keep its slaves, Southern States decided to __________________, or break away, from the United States when Abraham Lincoln was elected President. 15. The Battle of ______________ _______________ began the American Civil War. 16. For Lincoln, the main reason for fighting the war was to keep together the United States, but others in the North believed they were fighting to ________________ ______________________. Short Answer Questions (17-24) Use text in Chapter 14 to answer FIVE of the next eight questions. Write a short paragraph to answer each question on a piece of notebook paper. 17. Why did the Southern States prefer to buy manufactured goods from Britain rather than from the Northern states here at home? 18. Why did Southern states fear the outlawing of slavery? 19. What details explain how the Underground Railroad was able to be so successful in its fight against slavery? 20. What is one similarity and one difference in the lifestyles of free African Americans in the North and slaves in the South? 21. What was the underlying issue the Missouri Compromise was intended to address? Was it successful or not? 22. Before the outbreak of the Civil War, how did President Lincoln balance his views on slavery and his goal for the nation? 23. Why do you think Jefferson Davis thought it was important to capture Fort Sumter? 24. How did differing goals among people in the United States lead to the Civil War?