RÓMA

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PANNONIA
The Romans on the territory of Hungary today
Pannonia provincia
• The
Transdanubean
terrytory
of
today
Hungary became parts
of Roman’s Empire at
around A. D.
• The task was to defend
Italy and provide safety
and as military and
create contact between
Eastern and Western
provinces
2
Pannoniai provincia ( from the end of I.
century B. C. to beginning of the III. century)
Besides the range of fortress in the important node takes along the
Danube limes garrisons, millitary camps featuring constant cities
civilian towns were estabilished on the native land.
The most important villages of Pannonia:








Aquincum
Intercisa
Scarabantia
Savaria
Arrabona
Gorsium
Sopianae
Baláca
3
Arrabona – Győr today
Very big coliseums
Emperor cult ceremonies
The city was built in the II. century
4
Savaria – Szombathely today
Tiberius gave city rank in the I. century
Important place to the horse and carrige change
Trade center beside the Amber
Advanced potter industry developed
5
Scarbantia – Sopron today
Lied along two important commercial roads
There was rather a trade center
6
Aquincum – Budapest today
It was the capital of the provincia near the Danube
7
• The capital of Pannonia
consist of two parts: the
military city and the civil
city.
• The city was surrounded by
gates and walls, fixed with
bastions
• The buildings of the town:
spas, market halls, temples,
amphiteatrums.
• An arcade arch cable
supplied Aquincum with
wather
8
Baláca – Nemesvámos today
• Formal Roman estate center.
• The cottage: in it center is
the pillared inner yard
• From the corridors encirling
the inner yard where
accessible, the representetion rooms: the living spaces,
the dormitories, the kitchen,
depository and the cellar.
• The floor is cover with
mosaic
9
The lifestile of Romans in Pannonia
• The Romans brought the
forms of the urban life:
forum, sanctuaries, spas,
amphiteatres,
civil
apartment houses , and
far from cities the majors
and cottages.
• Clothes: abolla, tunica,
bardocucullus, toga, or
toga
praetex,
pula,
candida, picta, purpurea,
sordida.
10
The exodus of Romans and the Huns
• After 466 II. Theodosius
emperor paid tax to Attila.
Later, Marcianus emperor
denies the tax. This is
incrensed Attila and attacks
the Western Empire is 451.
Aetus and Theodorie were
defeted by Attila on the
Catalaunum
field,
near
Troyws, on the Champagne
country. The Romans marched
out Pannonia after this defeat.
11
The Hun people entry (end of
the V. century B.C.)
12
The Huns in Hungary
• In the beginning of the V.
century, the huns crept
into
Carpatian
Basin
where tey settled down in
433.
Attila
was the
biggest anf best-known
Hun king.
13
Thank you for your attention!
Good bye!
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