PANNONIA The Romans on the territory of Hungary today Pannonia provincia • The Transdanubean terrytory of today Hungary became parts of Roman’s Empire at around A. D. • The task was to defend Italy and provide safety and as military and create contact between Eastern and Western provinces 2 Pannoniai provincia ( from the end of I. century B. C. to beginning of the III. century) Besides the range of fortress in the important node takes along the Danube limes garrisons, millitary camps featuring constant cities civilian towns were estabilished on the native land. The most important villages of Pannonia: Aquincum Intercisa Scarabantia Savaria Arrabona Gorsium Sopianae Baláca 3 Arrabona – Győr today Very big coliseums Emperor cult ceremonies The city was built in the II. century 4 Savaria – Szombathely today Tiberius gave city rank in the I. century Important place to the horse and carrige change Trade center beside the Amber Advanced potter industry developed 5 Scarbantia – Sopron today Lied along two important commercial roads There was rather a trade center 6 Aquincum – Budapest today It was the capital of the provincia near the Danube 7 • The capital of Pannonia consist of two parts: the military city and the civil city. • The city was surrounded by gates and walls, fixed with bastions • The buildings of the town: spas, market halls, temples, amphiteatrums. • An arcade arch cable supplied Aquincum with wather 8 Baláca – Nemesvámos today • Formal Roman estate center. • The cottage: in it center is the pillared inner yard • From the corridors encirling the inner yard where accessible, the representetion rooms: the living spaces, the dormitories, the kitchen, depository and the cellar. • The floor is cover with mosaic 9 The lifestile of Romans in Pannonia • The Romans brought the forms of the urban life: forum, sanctuaries, spas, amphiteatres, civil apartment houses , and far from cities the majors and cottages. • Clothes: abolla, tunica, bardocucullus, toga, or toga praetex, pula, candida, picta, purpurea, sordida. 10 The exodus of Romans and the Huns • After 466 II. Theodosius emperor paid tax to Attila. Later, Marcianus emperor denies the tax. This is incrensed Attila and attacks the Western Empire is 451. Aetus and Theodorie were defeted by Attila on the Catalaunum field, near Troyws, on the Champagne country. The Romans marched out Pannonia after this defeat. 11 The Hun people entry (end of the V. century B.C.) 12 The Huns in Hungary • In the beginning of the V. century, the huns crept into Carpatian Basin where tey settled down in 433. Attila was the biggest anf best-known Hun king. 13 Thank you for your attention! Good bye!