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COSCAP-SA
DCPCourse
Course Objectives
Validate DCP authority
Promote standardization
Review standards and
procedures
Review flight testing
procedures
Course Schedule

Introduction
ICAO SARPS

General Conditions

DCP Qualifications

DCP Terms of Reference

Course Schedule (con’t)
Principles of Testing
Principles of Assessment
Conducting a PPC
PPCTolerances
Assessment Scenarios
Discussion Groups
Course Schedule
Introduction
ICAO SARPS
General Conditions
DCP Qualifications
DCP Terms of Reference
Introduction
Course Instructor:
Captain Len Cormier
COSCAP-SA
. Participation
. Tea Break
. Promptness
. Washrooms
…..enjoy the course
Course Schedule
Introduction
ICAO SARPS
General Conditions
DCP Qualifications
DCP Terms of Reference
ICAO SARPs

Annex 6, 9.4.4 - Pilot Proficiency Checks
– An operator shall ensure that piloting technique and the ability
to execute emergency procedures is checked to demonstrate
competency
– If under instrument flight rules the pilot’s competence to
comply with such rules is demonstrated
– Either a check pilot of the operator or to a representative of the
State of the Operator
– Performed twice within any period of one year..
ICAO Guidance

DOC 8335 - Pilot Proficiency Checks
– when properly controlled by the CAA, the
designation of qualified operator personnel to assist
in some inspection functions, such as periodic pilot
proficiency checks, route checks, etc., can be
acceptable
– it must be stressed that the designated operator
personnel, when performing their duties, must be
kept under the supervisory and technical control of
the CAA.
ICAO Guidance

DOC 8335 - Pilot Proficiency Checks
– Proficiency checks are carried out in accordance
with the standards and frequency prescribed in the
regulations
– The CAA inspector should possess the appropriate
licence and be currently qualified in the specific
type of aircraft to be used for the check
– Alternatively, the CAA inspector may choose to
observe or monitor such checks conducted by an
appropriately designated check pilot
ICAO Guidance

DOC 8335 - Pilot Proficiency Checks
– The CAA inspector should observe or monitor a sufficient
number of checks conducted by such personnel each year in
order to ensure positive CAA quality control of check
procedures
– The pilot proficiency check should be conducted in such a
manner that the pilot demonstrates knowledge, skill and
judgment relative to:
– the aircraft, its systems and components;
– pilot performance in accordance with the procedures and
limitations contained in the manufacturer's AFM, AOM,
Operations Manual, etc.
Course Schedule
Introduction
ICAO SARPS
General Conditions
DCP Qualifications/Adm
DCP Terms of Reference
General Conditions
 Delegation
Policy
– Perform checks on behalf of CAA
– Restricted to certain checks
– Approved by CAA
General Conditions
 Conflict
of Interest (Perceived or real)
– Financial interest in the company or family ties
– Privileges or favors which could bias DCP
– Company to review and advise CAA
– To avoid a real conflict of interest, imperative
to adhere to DCP Manual
Course Schedule
Introduction
ICAO SARPS
General Conditions
DCP Qualifications/Adm
DCP Terms of Reference
DCP QUALIFICATIONS

CURRENCY & TRAINING REQ’TS
– a DCP must hold a valid ATPL with rating endorsed on
type
– a DCP must have completed an DCP Course
– attend a refresher DCP Course every 5 yrs
– conduct at least 10 checkrides a year
– 1000 HRS PIC on appropriate aeroplanes -500hrs on
type (Type A)
– Minimum of six months experience as Line Captain on the
aircraft
DCP Qualifications cont’d
 Loss
of Medical
– advise CAA
– perform checks in simulator only
– complete requirements of training
programme
– every 6 months monitor four sectors
DCP
Administration
DCP Approval
Monitoring DCP
Air Operator Responsibilities
DCP Approval
DCP Application from air operator
 Determine need for DCP

–
–
–
–
number/variety of aircraft
location of bases/simulators
type of operation
number of DCPs employed
DCP Approval

Inspector briefings
–
–
–
–
–
procedures/techniques for checks
techniques/standards for assessment
briefing/debriefing procedures
completion of forms
contents of publications
DCP Approval

Monitoring DCP
–
–
–
–
Initial DCP Monitors (2), Conducts (1)
Conduct 12 month PPC on Type A DCP
Monitoring DCP conducting check every 12 month
Monitoring activities (reports, etc.)
DCP Approval

Air Operator Responsibilities
–
–
–
–
–
Monitor DCP validity
Maintain records for audit purposes
Monthly schedule to CAA
Advise CAA of due dates
Submit check report to CAA
Limits of Authority
Recurrent PPC
Recurrent IRT
Line Checks
Line Indoc
1200/600 RVR T/O
Cat 2/ Cat 3 Ops
.
Limits of Authority




Semi-annual PPC on Supervisor
Retest of failed PPC/IRT (CAA advised)
Recurrent Trng/Checking with approval
Not Allowed:
– initial or upgrade training followed by check by same
individual;
– DCP conducting check ride on Inspector
THE APPENDICES
A. Nomination Form
 B. DCP Approval
 C. Pilot’s Line Check Report
 D. Schedule of Flight Checks
 E. Check Pilot Monitoring Report
 F. Sample Check Pilot Report
 G. Summary of PPC Standards

Professional Update
GPS-Operations
-Requirements
-Testing
-Approaches
-Differential GPS
RNAV-Direct Routes
-Certification
-Approaches
FMS-FACF
-Approaches
Approach Changes
GPS Operations
Short Term
- Non-Precision approaches
- Domestic enroute/terminal
- Oceanic
Long Term
- CAT I approaches
- Possibly CAT II and III
IFR Approval
- US and Canada concurrently
GPS Requirements
With RAIM:
- use GPS for "overlay" and "standalone"
- conventional navaids must work at alternate
- MNPS requirements - 1 GPS and 1 other RNAV system
- need a TSO C129 receiver
- no need to monitor navaids
Without Raim:
- must monitor navaids
- not approved for IFR
RAIM:
- Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring
GPS OVERLAY APPROACHES
approach to use published name (NDB 24)
approach must be in database
no monitoring required (with RAIM)
NAVAIDS and a/c receivers operating
GPS STANDALONE APPROACHES
requested and approved as GPS approach
(GPS 24)
RAIM must be available
ground-based navaids at destination can be
inoperative but navaids at alternate operative
Differential GPS
Wide area
Local
Integrity and availibity
Accuracy
Professional Update
Designated Check Pilot Course
NAVIGATION
WEATHER
AIRSPACE
RNAV Direct Routes
RNAV Direct Routes
Presently 3 types of route are available:
1) Random direct FL 390 and above
2) City pair T-routes FL 310 and above
3) *MMT routes FL 350 - FL 390
Random routes to be available in future
*
MMT-Minimum Time Track
RNAV Approaches
Multi-Sensor RNAV RWY 08 YTZ
Certification of receivers a problem
All approaches could be RNAV
Type of sensor - determine limits
All info must be in database *
*and operator certified for
use
FMS FACF
FINAL APPROACH COURSE FIX
Required by FMS databases
On final about 8 NM from threshold
Prior to vnav/FAF
ICAO 5-letter pronounceable name
For all ILS and LOC approaches
FMS Approaches
Database : Jeppesen
 Types of FMS Approaches:

GPS
RNAV
VOR,VOR/DME
NDB,NDB/DME
LOC/BC
LOC
ILS with advanced EFIS
Approach Changes
NAME CHANGES
soon to be RNAV and then MDA will be based on the type of sensor
POSITION REPORTS
During approaches at controlled airports
- Make requested reports only
- Report position only
- Expect report at FAF
Approach Changes
Pass altitude on departure
- Initial call add passing altitude
and give cleared altitude
If pilot cannot make an altitude restriction:
- Pilot actions:
• ask for instructions
• enter hold if no instructions
- Controller actions:
• protect
holding airspace
Course Schedule
1/2
Introduction
Forms and Administration
DCP Quals/Reqts/Terms
Canadian Aviation Regs
Instrument procedures
Instrument Procedures 1
Outline
1. Flight Planning
2. Departure
3. Enroute
4. Holding
5. Arrival
6. Approach
7. Missed Approach
8. Circling
9. Landing
Instrument Procedures 1
Outline
1. Flight Planning
2. Departure
3. Enroute
4. Holding
5. Arrival
6. Approach
7. Missed Approach
8. Circling
9. Landing
Definitions
Shall:
Imperative, procedure is mandatory
Will:
Mandatory, comprehensive, and dispositive in nature
Must:
Primarily mandatory, not the only meaning,
used for both permissive and mandatory sense
May:
Speculation, uncertainty, permissive
Should:
Implying duty of obligation, also permissive
Practical:
Available or useful in practice - inclined or suited
to action rather than speculation
Practicable:
Physically possible
The above definitions are summarized/paraphrased from Black's Law
Dictionnary except "Practical" which was copied from
the Concise Oxford Dictionary.
New Altimeter Error Policy
"An aircraft altimeter which has the
current altimeter setting applied to the
subscale should not have an error of more
than ±50ft when compared on the ground
against a known aerodrome/runway elevation.
If the error is more than ±50 ft the accuracy of
the altimeter is questionable and the problem
should be investigated." (CAP.GEN)
Fly Runway Heading
When instructed to fly runway heading or
when flying a SID for which no specific
heading is published, pilots are expected to:
• Fly
runway heading
• Do not apply drift correction
• FMS fly track
Standard Climb Gradient
Obstacle Clearance after T/O
VFR climb (Y/N)
Departure procedure(Y/N)
Missed approach procedure(Y/N)
Sector altitudes(Y/N)
Topo maps or local knowledge(Y/N)
SID- pilot and nav
Holding Pattern
Max Holding Speeds
Jet
Prop
Turbulence
- 14K and below
- above 14 K
- in climb
- 230 kt
- 265kt
- 175 kt
- 175 kt
- 280kt/
Mach .80
Instrument Procedures 2
Outline
1. Flight Planning
2. Departure
3. Enroute
4. Holding
5. Arrival
6. Approach
7. Missed Approach
8. Circling
9. Landing
Speed Limits
200kts below 3,000 ft within
10 NM of tower
250 kts below 10,000 ft (exemptions)
* Minimum IFR Alttudes
(Controlled Airspace)
a) Minimum Enroute Altitude (MEA)
b) Minimum Obstruction Clearance Altitude (MOCA)
c) Geographic Area Safe Altitude (GASA)
d) Minimum Sector Altitude (MSA)
e) Safe altitude 100 NM
f) Minimum vectoring altitude
g) Transition altitude
* ATC is not permitted to approve or assign
any IFR altitude below the minimum IFR altitude
Altitude Correction Chart
A/D Height above the elevation of the altimeter Source
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
0o
0
20
20
20
20
40
40
40
-10o
20
20
40
40
40
60
80
80
-20o
20
40
40
60
80
80
100
120
-30o
40
40
60
80
100
120
140
140
-40o
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
-50o
40
80
100
120
140
180
200
220
Temp oC
Note: Values should be added to published altitudes
Altimeter Settings Requirements
Before commencing an IFR approach, set
current altimeter setting
Altimeter setting can be local or remote
Readings are considered current for up to 90
minutes
If pressure falling rapidly, may add value to
published DH/MDA
Correction factor to be applied for remote
altimeter source
*Temperature correction to be applied
in all cases
Visual Approach
VFR approach while
on IFR flight plan
Weather
- VFR (300m- 5km)
ATC may give radar vectors to gain operational
advantages
Weather - ceiling 200m above
min vector altitude - ground vis
at least 5 km
Condition: pilot shall be in visual contact with the airport
and/or traffic
Pilot is responsible for:
- Wake turbulence separation
- noise abatement
- Obstacle clearance
Cleared for an Approach
Cleared for an approach
Can fly any published inst. approach
Can descend to minimum IFR altitudes
Three route options:
- cleared route
- transition
- direct
Must advise ATC which route and approach
Straight-In Approach
No PT published straight-ins
ATC radar-vectored straight-ins
Can not do straight-in otherwise
Aircraft Approach Category
Category
Speeds
A
UP to
90kt
B
91kt120kt
C
121140kt
D
141165kt
E
Above
165kt
All rotocraft are Category A
Use speed flown on approach to determine category
Use Minima for category flown
Glidepath Fails During ILS
Advise ATC
Determine new minima
Change beacon X-ing alt
Time and descent rate to MDA
If in doubt, overshoot
Light Settings and RVR
RVR readouts compensate for the setting
of the runway edge lights. At setting 5 the
RVR will give the highest reading. This will
affect the RVR readout even if the runway
lights are off.
ATC should advise pilots when the runway
light intensity is at setting 4 or 5.
Missed Approach During Circling
Commence climb
Advise ATC
Turn toward airport (normally)
Fly published procedure
Use local knowledge and plate to
make a safe procedure
Circling Approach Area Radii
Approach
Category
A
B
C
D
E
Radius
(Miles)
1.3
1.5
1.7
2.3
4.5
• Keep runway in sight
• Stay at MDA until normal landing assured
Landing Minima
Landings are governed by published DH/MDAs.
Pilots of aircraft on instrument approaches are
prohibited from continuing the descent below
DH or MDA, unless the required visual reference is
established and maintained in order to complete
a safe landing.
Visual References
At least one of the following:
a) The runway or runway markings;
b) The runway threshold or threshold markings;
c) The touchdown zone or touchdown zone markings;
d) The approach lights;
e) The approach slope indicator system;
f) The runway identification lights (rils);
g) The threshold and runway end lights;
h) The touchdown zone lights;
i) The runway edge lights; or
j) The runway centreline lights.
Harvard Mk.iv
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