APARD.28.7.12

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Petroleum Conservation Research Association
WELCOMES
APARD Trainers
on
‘Energy Conservation Techniques’
SAVE FUEL YAANI SAVE MONEY

Create awareness among masses

Promote research, development and deployment

Provide training and technical advisory
services

Information dissemination of fuel efficient
technologies

Function as a ‘think tank’ for the Govt. of
India
PCRA – An Integrated Energy Solution Provider
SECTORAL APPROACH
COMMERCIAL
AGRICULTURE
INDUSTRY
PCRA
TRANSPORT
YOUTH PROG.
DOMESTIC
PCRA – An Integrated Energy Solution Provider
Energy
Scenario
4
Energy
Energy Sources
Non Renewable
1.
2.
3.
Coal
Oil
Gas
Renewable
1.
2.
3.
4.
Solar
Wind
Hydroelectricity
Biomass etc.
5
Reserves Status
World Proven Reserves of Crude Oil : 1408.7 Thousand Million Barrels
India’s Proven Reserves of Crude Oil:
5.8 Thousand Million Barrels
754.1
Thousand Million Barrel
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
42
70.9
123.2
125.6
142.2
0
Asia
Pacific
North
America
S & Cent
America
Africa
Europe &
Eurasia
Middle
East
6
Reserves/Production Status
World Proven R/P of Crude Oil : 42 yrs
India’s Proven R/P of Crude Oil: 20.7yrs
100
90
78.6
80
R/P Ratio
70
50.3
60
50
33.4
40
30
20
22.1
14.5
14.8
10
0
Asia
Pacific
North
America
S & Cent
America
Africa
Europe &
Eurasia
Middle
East
7
Primary Energy Consumption
2299
2432
India:
• At 524 MMTOE, 4th largest consumer of primary energy
•One of the largest growing market for energy
in a
Ch
A
US
ssi
Ru
a
ia
In d
Jap
an
da
na
a
C
y
an
m
r
Ge
e
nc
a
r
F
Bra
zil
212
228
258
311
330
507
524
685
3.84% of total
UK
Country-wise primary energy consumption MMTOE
8
India’s Energy Basket
Primary Energy
World Energy Consumption:
11,299 MTOE
India Energy Consumption:
524 MTOE
Crude Oil
36%
NG
23%
Coal
29%
Nuclear
5%
Hydro
6%
Coal
53%
Crude Oil
31%
Hydro
6%
Nuclear
1%
NG
9%
9
Oil Consumption
World oil consumption 3,928 MMT
India 4th largest consumer of oil : 135 MMT(3.4% of total)
A
US
in a
Ch
n
pa
Ja
ia
In d
ia
ss
u
R
y
an
m
r
Ge
103
118
130
135
222
376
885
India’s Oil consumption increased at 4% (decade after 1998)
against the world of 1.4 %.
o re
.k
a
S
Country-wise oil consumption MMTOE
10
Energy outlook
For India, sourcing
challenge…..
of
Energy
remains
a
with 16% of Global Population;
0.5% of world’s Petroleum Reserve;
10% of world’s coal reserves;
8-10% GDP growth target;
11
Indigenous crude
32.426
32.19
33.506
2008-09
35.349
2005-06
33.021
2000-01
30.618
10.507
6.822
8.448
3.473
1995-96
1990-91
1985-86
1980-81
1975-76
1970-71
0.448
1965-66
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
1960-61
MMT
Domestic Crude Oil Production Trend
Source: Planning Commission & TERI Data Book
12
Why energy efficiency? II
India is also highly dependent on imported oil to
meet the energy demand, which raises the
question of energy security of the nation.
Immense potential exists in this aspect of energy
efficiency, particularly in the use of pumps,
heating, ventilation, air conditioning and lighting
areas
Why we should save energy
 By saving energy you're helping to save the
world's energy resources like gas, oil and
water and you're also saving money on your
utility bills.
 Best of all, by using energy wisely we can cut
down on pollutants in the air and water,
making a better environment for everyone.
Why We Should Save Energy
 Think about what would happen if
there wasn't enough energy
. . . there would be no light to turn on
when it got dark . . . there would not
be any hot water for the shower or
heat for your house in the winter . . .
no gas or oil to drive the car . . . so
there are lots of reasons we should
save energy.
Lighting
 Turn off the lights when not in use
 Take advantage of daylight by using light-colored,
loose-weave curtains on your windows to allow
daylight to penetrate the room, use with lighter colors
on wall that reflect daylight.
 De-dust lighting fixtures to maintain illumination.
 Compact Fluorescent Bulbs (CFL) are four times more
energy efficient than incandescent bulbs and provide
the same for lighting.
 Use electronic chokes in place of conventional copper
chokes.
Fans
 Replace conventional regulators with
electronic regulators for ceiling fans.
 Install exhaust fans at a higher elevation
than ceiling fans.
Gas stove
 When cooking on a gas burner, use moderate flame
settings to conserve LPG.
 Remember that a blue flame means your gas stove is
operating efficiently.
 Yellowish flame is an indicator that the burner needs
cleaning.
 Use pressure cookers as much as possible.
 Use lids to cover the pans while cooking.
 Bring items taken out of refrigerators (like vegetables,
milk etc) to room temperature before placing on the
gas stove for heating.
Electronic Devices
Switch Off the power when TV
and Audio Systems are not in use.
Idle / Standby operation leads to a
power loss of 10 watts /device.
Air Conditioners
 Prefer air conditioners having automatic temperature cut
off.
 Keep regulators at 25oC position.
 Operate the ceiling fan in conjunction with your window
air conditioner to spread the cooled air more effectively
throughout the room and operate the air conditioner at
higher temperature.
 Seal the doors and windows properly.
 Leave enough space between your air conditioner and the
walls to allow better air circulation.
 A roof garden can reduce the load on Air Conditioner
 Use windows with sun films/curtains.
Future Programs…..
 Benefits of using Star Labeled Products
 Energy Conservation in Lighting
 Energy Conservation in Air Conditioners
 Fuel Saving Tips in Personal Vehicles
 LPG Saving & Safety Tips
•Energy consumption is an indicator of
any country’s prosperity
•Conservation doesn’t mean – “ No use
of energy” rather it indicates –
“ Efficient utilization of Energy”
•One unit of energy saved at end-use is
equivalent to Four units of Energy at
upstream end
PCRA – An Integrated Energy Solution Provider
Save Energy
Save Yourself
PCRA – An Integrated Energy Solution Provider
PCRA – An Integrated Energy Solution Provider
2 stroke and 4 stroke Engines
2 St. Engine
Working of a 4 St.
Engine
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