Ch 24 Notes Slideshow–Oil in Southwest Asia

advertisement
Chapter 24: Oil in Southwest
Asia
Open your workbook to
page 175 and use the
following slides to fill in
the Geoterms.
Geoterms
 Crude oil: Petroleum
after it has come out of
the ground and before
it has been turn into
useful products.
Geoterms
 Nonrenewable resource: a resource that takes so
long to make that it can’t be replaced.
Geoterms
 Oil reserves: oil that has been discovered but
remains unused in the ground.
Geoterms
 Renewable resource: a resource (like sunlight or
wood) that can’t be used up or can be replaced quickly.
24.3 The Geology and Geography of Oil
Turn to page 176 in your
workbook and use the
following slides to answer the
questions.
How does oil form?
Explain the process in at least three steps.
 The process begins with tiny plants and animals that died in
the oceans millions of years ago. Over time, most of them
turned to rock.
 The weight of the water, heat from Earth’s core, and chemical
changes turned some of the remains into oil and natural gas.
Why is so much oil buried under Southwest Asia?
 Oil can be found
under Southwest
Asia because
millions of years ago
the area was under
water.
 When the Iranian
and Arabian tectonic
plates hit, they
created spaces where
oil was formed and
trapped.
Are oil reserves distributed equally among the
countries of Southwest Asia? Explain.
 Oil is not distributed
equally among these
countries.
 The region’s largest
country, Saudi Arabia,
contains about one
quarter of the world’s
known oil reserves.
 Smaller countries like
Kuwait also have a lot of
oil. Other countries,
like Syria and Yemen,
have much less oil than
others in the region.
Use the
following chart
to complete
the map
according to
the directions
on the page.
Copy and paste the link to a browser and
complete the task on a separate piece of paper.
 www.youtube.com/watch
?v=0PrSZMOCnWU
 If oil is mostly made
from ancient sea
microorganisms and
plants, then how is it that
oil is found all over the
planet?
Copy and paste the link to a browser and
complete the task on a separate piece of paper.
 https://www.youtube.co
m/watch?v=9Py8Xy9MKo
 Describe the process of
extracting crude oil from
the ground, refining it
and transporting it to gas
stations.
24.4 Oil Wealth and People’s Well Being
Turn to page 177 in the
workbook and answer the
questions using the following
slides.
How has oil made the people of Southwest
Asia better off?
 Oil money has
improved the lives
of people in
Southwest Asia.
 life expectancy has
increased
 the number of
infants who die in
their first year has
decreased
Why isn’t per capita GDP always an accurate
reflection of people’s
wealth?
 Per capita GDP
assumes that a
country’s wealth
is divided
equally among
its citizens, but
that isn’t really
true.
What are some examples of why some oil
countries haven’t been able
to end poverty?
 Yemen: The
combination of low oil
revenues and a large
population has left
Yemen poor.
 Iraq: Former Iraqi
president Saddam
Hussein used oil
money to buy weapons
and pay for wars
instead of improving
life for ordinary
Iraqis.
Use the
following chart
to complete
the map
according to
the directions
on the page.
Copy and paste the link to a browser and
complete the task on a separate piece of paper.
 https://www.youtube.co
m/watch?v=lRYhW9wF0
Is&index=5&list=FLlzxc
HqTZUYBOmDFcZcV2n
Q
 Iraq used its oil reserves
to fight a war in the
1980s. How has Qatar
used its fossil fuels for
the development of the
country now and into the
future?
24.5 The Price and Flow of Oil
Turn to page 178 in your
workbook and fill in the notes
using the following slides.
What have been the goals of Southwest
Asian OPEC members?
 One goal is to
have a steady
supply of oil
flowing out and
money flowing
into their
countries.
 Another goal is
to keep oil prices
steady—not too
high or too low.
OPEC Members: Use this
map to identify the OPEC
members on the map on
page 178 according to the
directions.
What two realities have limited OPEC’s
power?
 OPEC can’t
control all of the
world’s oil sales;
it exports less
than half of the
world’s crude oil.
 OPEC countries
don’t always act
as a group.
What were the two types of coalition
members in the Persian Gulf War? Why
were they coalition members?
Two types of
coalition
members were:
 oil-importing
countries who did
not want their oil
supplies
threatened
 oil-exporting
countries who did
not want to lose
control of their
oil reserves.
Use the
following chart
to complete
the map
according to
the directions
on the page.
Copy and paste the link to a browser and
complete the task on a separate piece of paper.
 https://www.youtube.co
m/watch?v=l2TQ8a4LK
3A&list=FLlzxcHqTZUY
BOmDFcZcV2nQ
 Why did the United
States fight the first of its
wars with Iraq (the
Persian Gulf War) in the
early 1990s?
Quiz
Question 1
 Crude oil is ________ after it has come out of the
ground and before it has been turn into useful
products.
Answer
 Petroleum after it has come out of the ground and
before it has been turn into useful products.
Question 2
 A resource that takes so long to make that it can’t be
replaced is a _____________________.
Answer
 Nonrenewable resource: a resource that takes so
long to make that it can’t be replaced.
Question 3
 Oil that has been discovered but remains unused in
the ground is _____________.
Answer
 Oil reserves: oil that has been discovered but
remains unused in the ground.
Question 4
 What is the first step in the process in how oil
formed?
a) Humans making it on land
b) Dead animals and plants at the bottom of the ocean
c) Evolution
Answer
B. Dead animals and plants at the bottom of the ocean
 The process begins with tiny plants and
animals that died in the oceans
5.________of years ago. Over time, most of
them turned to 6._____.
 The weight of the 7.______, heat from
Earth’s core, and 8.________changes
turned some of the remains into 9.____ and
10._______ ___.
Answers
 The process begins with tiny plants and
animals that died in the oceans millions of
years ago. Over time, most of them turned to
rock.
 The weight of the water, heat from Earth’s
core, and chemical changes turned some of
the remains into oil and natural gas.
 Oil can be found under Southwest 11.____
because millions of years ago the area was
under 12._____.
 When the Iranian and Arabian tectonic
13.______ hit, they created spaces where oil
was 14._______ and 15.________.
Answers
 Oil can be found under Southwest Asia
because millions of years ago the area was
under water.
 When the Iranian and Arabian tectonic plates
hit, they created spaces where oil was formed
and trapped.
Download
Related flashcards

Communism

36 cards

Anti-communism

17 cards

Economic ideologies

33 cards

Comintern

31 cards

Marxist theory

16 cards

Create Flashcards