The Earliest Heroes

The Earliest Heroes
Prometheus and Io
Elsie Russell's Prometheus
A Titan, the son of Lepetus and Themis
A champion for mankind
Known for his intelligence
To whom Zeus gives the task of creating humans
Stole “fire” to mankind and thus was punished by
Prometheus's Theft of Fire,
Christian Griepenkerl
Prometheus & Epimetheus
• Brothers
• Prometheus -- Forethought
• Epimetheus -- Afterthought
The Story Between
Prometheus and Io
• Punished by Zeus, Prometheus was bound to
the rocky peak on Caucasus. There, he met a
strange visitor, Io.
• Prometheus recognized Io, comforted and
pointed her to the distant future.
• It was Io’s descendant, Hercules, to whom
Prometheus would owe his freedom.
Prometheus Being Rescued by Hercules,
by Christian Griepenkerl
Abduction of Europa by Jean Baptiste Marie Pierre 1750
The Story of Europa
• The goddess of Love and her son, Cupid, shot
an arrow into Zeus’ heart.
• Zeus fell madly in love with Europa.
• Zeus approached Europa as he changed into
the most beautiful bull in the world.
• Zeus took Europa to Crete, where they
married and gave birth to many famous men.
Europa is, by far, the most
fortunate girl Zeus fell in love with.
The Cyclops Polyphemus
• Pivotal role in Odyssey
• the gigantic one-eyed
son of Poseidon and
Thoosa, one of the
• Another side of
Polyphemus in the love
story with Galatea.
Polyphemus appeared as a gigantic monster in
Galatea and Polyphemus
Acis, Galatea, and Polyphemus by François Perrier
Flower Myths
• The flowers the come into being through the
death of beautiful young men?
Flower myths -- Narcissus
• Narcissus is a scorner of
• The goddess of Love
made him fall in love with
his own reflection.
• “Echo” watched his death.
Narcissus and Echo
Narcissus’ death
Flower myths -- Hyacinth
• Apollo’s dearest companion.
• Hyacinth died in the contest with Apollo
competing discus throwing. (the discus hit
Hyacinth’s head)
• It’s Apollo or the West Wind, Zephyr, that
caused Hyacinth’s death?
Apollo and Hyacinth’s Death
Flower myths -- Adonis
• Aphrodite and Persephone both fell in love
with him.
• Zeus decided that Adonis should spend half
year with each goddess.
• Love hunting, and also died in the hunting of a
Aphrodite and Adonis
The Death of Adonis
• Which word come into being to describe those
who really adore themselves?
• Can you come up with any other examples of
objects’ names come into being because of
the deaths of related people?
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