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The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
DEEP
Life Cycle Cost Analysis
Tool
How to use the tool
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
How to use this presentation
This presentation is a training tool for those wishing to use the
LCCA Tool, and train others in its use.
This presentation and the accompanying notes (using ‘Normal’
rather than ‘Slideshow’ view) explain how to operate the
spreadsheet by explaining its contents and showing example
calculations.
They also show you how to use the tool as part of the building
procurement process.
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
Notes on Using LCCA Tool for Buildings
PLEASE NOTE: We have kept the tool as simple as possible.
• As buildings are very complex and vary hugely the tool
cannot tell you all you need to take into account.
• A whole range of costs may need to be summed up in
one entry.
• You may need to devise your own checklist for tenders
that is relevant to the particular building type and
construction type.
• Ideally, this should be done in consultation with your
maintenance staff.
• Example 3 in this presentation will explain this further.
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool
Input + Results
currency
Energy + water tariffs
Carbon factor
Discount rate
Energy price increase
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
Input for 3 options:
• Capital cost,
• energy use,
• maintenance etc.
Life Cycle Cost
Energy
CO2
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
Life Cycle Cost
Energy
Water
CO2
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
The DEEP LECCATO Tool
The Life Cycle – graph showing costs over life cycle
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
The DEEP LECCATO Tool
The Life Cycle – 25 years
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
The DEEP LECCATO Tool
calculate energy used per year of any piece of equipment that you have wattage and typical
hours of use for.
‘Watt’
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
Hours of
use per
year
Energy
use
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
Examples
The following examples will illustrate how to
use the LCCA Tool in practice.
Please note that the examples do not contain
accurate data, and are for illustrative purposes only.
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
Example 1 : energy efficient lighting
Standard
Energy efficient:
Energy efficient:
60W
12 W
20 W
£0.50 X10 = £5
£1 x 10 = £ 10
£5 x 10 = £50
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
0.105
3
5
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
Number
of
units:10
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
Watt rating in
kW (!)
Hours of use
per year:
0.06kW
1114
Watt rating in
kW (!)
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
0.012 kW
Watt rating in
kW (!)
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
0.02kW
60W Standard
5
1
5
668.4
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
12 W - efficient
10
5
10
133.7
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
20 W - efficient
50
5
50
50
222.8
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
COMPARISON OF OPTIONS
years
0
0
5
10
15
20
60W standard
-500
12W energy efficient
Cumulative NPV
20W energy efficient
-1000
-1500
-2000
-2500
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
25
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
Comparison of Options
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
Example 2: Renewable Energy
Solar hot water
Small-scale wind turbine
Photovoltaics
£ 13 000
£ 16 000
£32 260
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
29
11000
150
15
12000
150
20
25000
150
338
530
555
- 4157
- 4126
- 9500
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
10
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
COMPARISON OF OPTIONS
years
0
0
5
-5000
10
15
20
Solar Water Heating
Small Scale Wind Turbines
-10000
Cumulative NPV
-15000
-20000
-25000
-30000
-35000
-40000
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
Roof Mounted Photovoltaic
Panels
25
0.2
0.05
10
10
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
COMPARISON OF OPTIONS
years
0
0
5
-5000
10
15
20
Solar Water Heating
Small Scale Wind Turbines
Cumulative NPV
-10000
-15000
-20000
-25000
-30000
-35000
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
Roof Mounted Photovoltaic
Panels
25
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
Example 3: Office Buildings
OPTION 1:
OPTION2:
OPTION2:
Standard office building
air conditioned
Low energy office with nighttime concrete slab cooling,
good day lighting, heavy
mass.
same as Option 2, but with
electric heating
€ 5.5 million
€ 6 million
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
€ 5.85 million
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
Replacement cycle and servicing
Unless you are comparing temporary
buildings the replacement cycle for a
building would be longer than 25
years.
However, individual elements may
need replacing. These may include:
• Windows and doors
• Floor finishes
• Façade cladding
• Paint finishes
• Mechanical services
• Renewable energy installations
• and others
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
Replacement cycle and servicing
As replacement cycles vary for the
different building elements, break
costs down into annual costs and
factor into maintenance
Also ask for cost of annual
maintenance for specific services
installations e.g.:
• Mechanical services (Heating,
ventilation, air-conditioning)
• Renewable energy installations
• Alarm systems
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
• And others
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
Energy and Water use
Ask for energy consumption of
• Mechanical services (Heating,
ventilation, air-conditioning)
• Renewable energy installations
(=negative consumption)
• Alarm systems
• lighting
• Fans, pumps, controls
• Catering equipment
• and others as applicable
Ask for water consumption
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
For our example:
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
390000
150000
540000
90000
2800
2000
240000
2000
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
COMPARISON OF OPTIONS
years
0
0
5
-1000000
-2000000
Cumulative NPV
-3000000
-4000000
-5000000
-6000000
-7000000
-8000000
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
10
15
20
new air conditioned standard
office - good practise
energy efficient, heavy mass,
slab cooling, heated with gas
as option 2, but electric heating
25
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
Energy, CO2, Water
CO2 EMISSIONS
25000000
10000000
20000000
8000000
Option 1
15000000
Option 2
10000000
Option 3
5000000
Option 2
4000000
Option 3
2000000
80000
70000
60000
50000
40000
30000
20000
10000
0
Option 1
Option 2
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
Option 3
24
21
18
15
12
9
6
3
0
24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
WATER USE
0
Option 1
6000000
0
0
Water Use in m 3
tonnes of CO2
Energy Use in kWh
ENERGY USE
The DEEP Toolkit. TOOL 2.b.Life Cycle Cost Analysis Tool-User Guide
Good Luck in using the
LCCA Tool
The sole responsibility for the content of this publication lies with the
authors. It does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European
Communities. The European Commission is not responsible for any use
that may be made of the information contained therein
How to use the DEEP LeCCATo Life Cycle Costing Tool
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