Making and Understanding Climatographs

Making and
Simple and Complex Climatographs
 Identify
distinctive climatic
characteristics of the 8
terrestrial biomes
Todays Objective
There are 4 key differences between
Elevation (altitude)
We call these factors abiotic factors
 Abiotic factors are non-living physical
characteristics of the environment
What makes biomes different?
climatograph is a graph that
displays the characteristics of a two
of the abiotic components of a
◦ Temperature
◦ Precipitation (rain, snow, mist, fog)
 There
are two types of climatograph:
◦ Complex Climatographs
◦ Simple Climatographs
Complex Climatographs
If you are given the a range or an
average of temperature and/or
precipitation and asked to find the
corresponding biome…
◦ Find the point on the graph where the average
temperature and precipitation intersect (cross)
◦ Draw a line along the first and second point on
the range, see which biome is sandwiched in
between and touching the two lines
Use the complex climatograph in your
textbook to answer the following questions
How do I read this graph?
Complex Climatographs
Which biome has an average annual precipitation of
175 cm and an average annual temperature of 5 C?
◦ Boreal Forest
Which biome ranges in temperature from 0 C to 20
C and receives about 100 cm of rain?
◦ Temperate Deciduous Forest
Which biome has a low average annual precipitation
and an average annual temperature that ranges
between -18 C and -8 C?
◦ Tundra
Which biome has a high average annual precipitation
and an average annual temperature of 15 C?
◦ Temperate Rainforest
Try it!
Simple Climatographs
At the top is a title showing the location
 The left scale shows the precipitation
 The right scale shows the temperature
 The bottom list the 12 months
◦ All sides are clearly labelled and show units!
Average monthly temperatures are drawn
using a line with a dot for each month
 Average monthly precipitation is shown by
drawing a bar above each month
Parts of a Climatograph
What is the average precipitation during
the month of June for Wellington, NZ?
◦ ~82 mm
What is the average precipitation during
the month of December?
◦ ~138 mm
What is the average temperature during
◦ 16 °C
Try to answer these questions!
Your job is to create a BEAUTIFUL simple
climatograph for your biome
◦ This climatograph can be used for your Biome
At the front of the class is climate data for
a location in each of the biomes and a
 Take the data for YOUR biome, and use it
to create your climatograph
 Instructions are written on the handout