Literary & Rhetorical Devices Powerpoint Presentation by: Serena Vannoy Literary Devices Simile & Personification • “I have dreamt in my life, dreams that have stayed with me forever after, and changed my ideas; they have gone through and through me, like wine through water, and altered the color of my mind. • Like wine through water is a simile because it uses the word like to compare wine and water. • Color of my mind is a personification because it is giving a non-human thing (mind) a human like characteristic (color). • This quote is important because it gives the readers a feel of how significant these dreams are to the story. Foreshadowing • “Wuthering Heights is the name of Mr. Heathcliff’s dwelling. ‘Wuthering’ being a significant provincial adjective.” • By Lockwood defining Wuthering, it suggests to the readers it’s significance to the story. • This is foreshadowing because Lockwood makes it apparent that Wuthering Heights will be important throughout the story. Simile • “Catherine’s face was just like the landscape…” • This is a simile because it compares Catherine’s face to the landscape using like. • This is important to the story because Mrs. Dean is describing her happiness to the readers. It gives us a feel of Catherine’s personality. Paradox • “It would degrade me to marry Heathcliff now; so he shall never know how I love him: and that, not because he’s handsome, Nelly, but because he’s more myself than I am. Whatever our souls are made of, his and mine are the same; and Linton’s is as different as a moonbeam from lightening, or frost from fire.” • This is a paradox because proper love is described by Catherine as opposite (moonbeam from lightening, frost from fire). • This is important because Catherine realizes she cannot marry Heathcliff. Symbolism • “I know ghosts have wandered on Earth. Be with me always- take any form- drive me mad!” • This is symbolism because the ghosts in Wuthering Heights are symbols for something else. • They symbolize closure from love. • This quote shows Heathcliff’s wish that ghosts were real, because if they are Catherine would still be with him. Foreshadowing • “…shadows and sunshine flitting over it in rapid succession; but the shadows rested longer and the sunshine was more transient; and her poor little heart reproached itself for even that passing forgetfulness of its care.” • This is foreshadowing because Mrs. Dean is hinting that because the shadows are resting on Catherine’s face longer, the happy and alive time of her life is coming to an end. • It’s important because the readers realize something is going to happen to Catherine. Personification, Symbolism, Repetition • “…one may guess the power of the North wind blowing over the edge, by the excessive slant of a few stunted firs at the end of the house, and by a range of gaunt thorns all stretching their limbs one way, as if craving alms of the sun.” • This is a personification because thorns (which are not human) can not stretch their limbs (like humans can). • This is symbolism because in the book, the wind represents change in the book. It is also present during many other events in the book,(Mr. Earnshaw’s death, Heathcliff leaving Wuthering Heights, Heathcliff’s death). • It is repetition because the wind is repeated throughout the book. Personification • “Heaven did not seem to be my home; and I broke my heart with weeping to come back to Earth.” • This is a personification because a heart can not physically break with weeping, therefore this quote is giving something not human, humanlike characteristics (making it a personification). • This is important to the book because Catherine missed Heathcliff while she was in was in heaven and he was on Earth, which is why her ghost comes back to visit him. Imagery • “The moment her regard ceased, I could have torn his heart out, and drunk his blood!” • This is imagery because it is very detailed and creates a scene of violence in your imagination. • This quote is important because it shows the disgust, anger, and sadness Heathcliff had towards Linton. Personification • “…listened to the soft wind breathing through the grass…” • This is a personification because grass can not breathe. • This is important to the story because it is at the end of the book when Mrs. Dean is looking at Mr. Heathcliffs bare headstone, and realizes the happiness they will have now that they are all free to wander for eternity. Simile • “Whatever our souls are made of his and mine are the same and Linton’s is as different as a moonbeam from lightening or frost from fire.” • This quote is a simile because it compares moonbeam and lightening and frost and fire using the word as. • Catherine uses this quote to describe how different her and Linton are, and how alike her and Heathcliff are, (which is why she loves Heathcliff and not Linton). Rhetorical Devices Ethos “…because he’s more myself than I am.” • This quote is ethos because it shows why Heathcliff would have credibility to speak about Catherine… because if he knows her better than she knows herself, he would be able to tell other people about her as well as she would be able too. • This is important to the story because the readers start to see Catherine’s and Heathcliff’s connection, which leads to other major events in the story. Pathos • “If he loved you with all the power of his soul for a whole lifetime, he couldn’t love you as much as I do in a single day.” • This is pathos because the quote shows outrageous love, which makes the readers have emotion when reading it. It makes you feel good. • This is important because the readers see Heathcliff’s love for Catherine. Ethos • “Whatever our souls are made out of, his and mine are the same.” • This is also ethos because it lets the readers know how alike Catherine and Heathcliff are. It shows how credible Heathcliff is to speak of Catherine, because she refers to them as“the same”. • This quote is important because it shows the moment that Catherine realizes she can not marry Heathcliff, because her love is to become one with him, not to marry him. Logos • “It would degrade me to marry Heathcliff now.” • This is logos because Catherine is doing the logical thing of this time by not marrying Heathcliff. • Catherine knows that although she loves Healthcliff, she can’t marry him because she is aware that society would degrade her because he doesn’t have a family name. • In this time period, marrying a man without money when you had money was unacceptable. • So by not marrying Healthcliff, she is doing the logical thing in this time period. Ethos • “You loved me- then what right had you to leave me?” • This is ethos because Heathcliff has the credibility to question Catherine’s decision to leave him. • He believed he was loved by Catherine, and when you are loved by someone, you have the right to ask them questions. • This is important to the story because it is the moment Heathcliff confronts Catherine. Pathos • “…you know as well as I do that for every thought she spends on Linton, she spends a thousand on me…” • This is pathos because it makes the readers happy knowing that Catherine is inlove with Heathcliff and that he knows it. The readers want the two to be together. • It’s important because it shows that Heathcliff is confident in his and her love, which shows throughout the rest of the book. Logos • “…I know by instinct, his reserve springs from an aversion to showy displays of feeling, to manifestations of mutual kindness. He’ll love and hate equally undercover…” • This quotes reveals significant information about Heathcliff, it can be concluded that he is a mysterious figure. It also shows that because he “loves and hates equally undercover” he has a troubled life. • However, those conclusions were left for the readers to logically understand and infer about Heathcliff. Pathos • “…as he pulled at it, into an uncontrollable passion of tears. ‘Come in! Come in! he sobbed. ‘Cathy, do come. Oh do- once more! Oh! My heart’s darling! Hear me this time, Catherine, at last!” • This is pathos because you feel sorry for Mr. Heathcliff, because he is so terribly upset. • This is important because the readers learns that Heathcliff’s love, Catherine, is dead. Logos • “Why did you betray your own heart, Cathy?” • In this quote, Heathcliff is asking Catherine why she married Linton when she loved him. • He explains that she betrayed her own heart… • Marrying someone when you love someone else is not logical, so Heathcliff’s logic was to ask her why she did it. • It was logical of Heathcliff to wonder because he thought they were in love. Pathos • “…I discovered my candle wick reclining one of the antique volumes and perfuming the place with an odor of roasted calf-skin.” • This is pathos because it creates fear in the reader’s, because it shows ghosts, which enable fear in people. • This is important because it is a scene in the book when ghosts are present. Ghosts will reoccur on many occasions throughout the book. So it shows the readers what to expect. THE END!