Climate of Pakistan. Highland Climate Arid Climate: Mild winter, hot summers, Extreme aridity Lowland Climate Mild Winters, Warm summers. • There are 4 main climatic factors • These are responsible for regional and seasonal variation in climates of Pakistan : – Temperature – Pressure – Rainfall – Winds. Temperature. • Diversity of temperature in various regions is due to the following: 1. Large spread of latitude from 24 N to 37 N. 2. Diversity of relief ranging from K-2 to low lying coasts of Makran. • The following temperature key should be used while describing the temperature distribution. Temperature Description 40ᵒC or above Very hot 31ᵒC – 39ᵒC Hot 21ᵒC- 30ᵒC Warm 10ᵒC -20ᵒC Mild 3ᵒC – 9ᵒC Cool -5ᵒC - 2ᵒC Cold Below –5ᵒC Very Cold. Practice • Describe the rainfall and temperature distribution throughout the year • Describe the monthly rainfall for Lahore as shown by the bar chart for year 2009.