Sperm and egg cells PowerPoint images

SPERM AND EGG CELLS IMAGES
Human
Humanegg
egg
A false-colour scanning electron micrograph of a human egg cell (gold) surrounded by cumulus cells (orange). Cumulus cells are specialised cells that nourish the large egg cell while it grows in the ovarian follicle.
Credit: Yorgos Nikas, Wellcome Images
Secondary oocyte during
Secondary
oocyte during in vitro fertilisation
in vitro fertilisation
A human secondary oocyte (which will later become an egg cell) during in vitro fertilisation, viewed with a light microscope using Nomarski optics, a technique used to highlight cell structure. The small cell at the bottom left is a
polar body.
Credit: Spike Walker, Wellcome Images.
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Egg cell in follicle
Light microscopy image of a transverse cross-section of an immature egg cell (oocyte) in a maturing follicle. Once a month, during the female menstrual cycle, an oocyte matures in one of the many ovarian follicles. As the
follicle matures it increases in size, and different cell types are recruited to the developing follicle to support the oocyte before ovulation.
Credit: Dr Ivor Mason, King’s College London, Wellcome Images.
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Egg and sperm
Light microscopy image showing sperm and an egg cell (or ovum) at the moment of conception during in vitro fertilisation. The egg is surrounded by protective cumulus cells around the outside surface, coloured yellow. The
sperm need to penetrate these cells and the membrane surrounding the egg, called the zona pellucida, if successful fertilisation is to occur.
Credit: Spike Walker, Wellcome Images.
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Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
Digital artwork showing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). ICSI is a method of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) that is used to treat infertile couples when standard IVF techniques are not likely to be successful. ICSI is the process of
injecting a single sperm cell directly into the egg; it is normally used when the male has a low sperm count or sperm motility is low and fertilisation is unlikely to occur naturally. This illustration shows the egg cell (ovum) being
held at the end of a micropipette. The egg is surrounded by cumulus cells, which provide nutrients to the egg.
Credit: Maurizio De Angelis, Wellcome Images.
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Human sperm sample: average count
Light microscopy image of human sperm, showing a sample with average sperm count.
Credit: Dr Joyce Harper, UCL, Wellcome Images.
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Human sperm sample: exceptional count
Light microscopy image of human sperm, showing a sample with an exceptional sperm count.
Credit: Dr Joyce Harper, UCL, Wellcome Images.
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Abnormal sperm
Confocal microscopy image showing a variety of abnormal human sperm cells. Sperm with different types of head and tail defects surround a group of normal sperm in the centre.
Credit: Dr David Becker, Wellcome Images.
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Sperm on the surface of an egg
Scanning electron microscopy image of numerous sperm trying to fertilise a human egg. In order to successfully fertilise the egg they need to find their way through the tough zona pellucida, the
membrane that surrounds and protects the egg.
Credit: Yorgos Nikas, Wellcome Images.
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Seminiferous tubule
Confocal microscopy image of a cross-section through a seminiferous tubule showing the developing sperm; they can be seen as a row of cells with their tails pointing into the lumen (opening) of the
tubule. The nuclei are stained blue, and the mitochondria red. Sperm have a large number of mitochondria for energy to allow them to swim towards the egg.
Credit: MRC NIMR, Wellcome Images
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Single sperm
Digital artwork of a sperm, showing the head, midpiece and tail. The head of the sperm is surrounded by an acrosome ‘cap’ (blue), which contains enzymes that help the sperm penetrate the outer
membrane of the egg to permit fertilisation. The midpiece contains large coiled a mitochondrion (gold) to provide energy to the tail, and two centrioloes (green), which are required for a viable
embryo.
Credit: Anna Tanczos, Wellcome Images
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Section of a testis
Light microscopy image of a transverse cross-section through a testis. Staining of the tissue reveals the numerous seminiferous tubules - the location of sperm production. Between them are
interstitial cells that support sperm production.
Credit: Spike Walker, Wellcome Images.
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