WH-TCI-Ch.4.4-4.5

advertisement
The Mongol Empire
0 The Mongols were a group of nomadic tribes from the
plains of Central Asia
0 In 1206, a Mongol leader, or a khan, managed to unite
the Mongol tribes into a powerful fighting force
0 His name was Temujin, or Genghis Khan (universal
ruler)
0 Through force, created the largest empire in the world
The Mongol Empire
0 Factors that contributed Genghis Khan’s success:
0 Mongols were fierce warriors and excellent horsemen
0 Warriors were well trained and highly disciplined
0 Genghis was skilled military strategist
0 Brutal fighter, often left NO survivors after conquering
villages
0 Died in 1227 C.E., power passed down to his son and
grandsons
Mongol Rule
0 Little experience in governing because they were
nomads
0 Had their own legal system that forbade theft and
betrayal
0 They allowed conquered peoples to maintain their
own customs and traditions
0 Practiced religious tolerance
0 Allowed people to practice any religion
Mongol Rule
0 Mongols expanded trade routes and built a courier
system to speed communication
0 Major trade route known as the Silk Road
0 Result: trade increased, economy prospered
0 Invented paper $$$$
0 Aside from goods, ideas and inventions also traveled
Map of the Silk Road
The Mongol Collapse
0 Empire lasted for around a century (100 years)
0 Reasons for collapse: political disunity, loss of warrior
spirit
0 Main reason: DISEASE (bubonic plague, Black Death)
0 Killed anywhere from 25-50% of the population in 20
years
0 Disease spread along the Silk Road
0 This allowed for invaders to conquer the Mongol
empire
4.5 Expanding Networks of
Exchange
0 Trade Networks:
0 Largest was the Silk Road
0 Connected Asia, Europe, Africa and the Mediterranean
0 Major sea routes also connected Afro-Eurasia
World Religions
0 Exchange networks and growth of empires also spread
religious beliefs across Afro-Eurasia
0 Hinduism spread throughout India and Southeast Asia
0 Buddhism spread throughout Asia
0 Christianity spread throughout Europe, Russia, Ethiopia and
Egypt
0 Judaism spread throughout western Europe and Central Asia
0 Crusades: Series of wars between Christians and Muslims
over the Holy Land (Jerusalem)
0 Lasted between 1095-1250 C.E.
Exchanging Knowledge
0 Ideas and knowledge spread across the exchange
networks
0 Discoveries in math, astronomy and medicine
0 Technologies in areas such as irrigation, navigation,
printing and papermaking
0 Arabic numerals allowed for development of modern
math
Environmental Factors
0 Populations suffered from devastating plagues that
were transmitted along trade routes
0 Such as smallpox, measles and the bubonic plague
0 Bubonic plague was the reason for the collapse of the
Han, Roman and Mongolian empires
0 As networks expanded, so did the danger of infectious
disease
0 Deforestation lead to flooding of villages during rainy
season
0 Needed to cut down forests to make more room for
farming
Download
Related flashcards

Fungal diseases

14 cards

Protozoal diseases

20 cards

Viral diseases

35 cards

Arthropod infestations

18 cards

Create Flashcards