完 型 填 空 题材、体裁、字数、难度 词语在语篇中的作用： 一、满足意义表达的需要，避免文 章出现的逻辑偏差。 ... Waiting for the food I had ordered to arrive. When the waiter brought my 41 the man was clearly puzzled. (NMET II 2005) (A. menu B. bill C. paper D. food) 二、满足句子结构的需要，避免句子出 现的语法错误。 When ED first phoned and ____ we play, I laughed quietly, figuring on an easy victory. (A. declared B. mentioned C. persuaded D. suggested) NMET 2003 •完形填空解题时应考虑的两个问题： •一、选出正确答案——考虑在文章中空格 • 处待选词在语篇中的作用。 •二、排除干扰选项——将干扰项和正确答 • 案比较，排除不符合文章逻辑意义的 • 选项。 •He wanted scissors. (A.What B.How C.Who D.Which) ____do you suppose he asked for them? (NMET 2002) 一、根据句子本身结构确定选项 二、利用该句的上下文确定选项 三、通读全部文章后再确定选项 2010 江苏卷完型填空 题材：继母的热忱让我全家成员获得成功 体裁：夹叙夹议 字数：349 难度：相对较小 09 江苏卷完型填空 •题材：社区服务 •体裁：议论文 •字数：331 •难度：中等 08、09、10 江苏卷 完型填空比较 考查内容：待选词以实词为主 08：记叙文 名词6，动词11，副词1，代词1，连词1 多数空格的选项需要上下文或通篇考虑。 09： 议论文 名词5，动词5，连词3，介词3， 代词1，代词1，形容词1，副词1 部分空格的选项需要上下文或通篇考虑。 10: 夹叙夹议 名词6，动词6，副词3，形容词4，连词1 多数空格的选项需要上下文或通篇考虑。 词汇： 08：文章长度为343单词，含较多难词 academy, accompany, admission, apply, assess, composition, determine, establish, evidence, oppose, recall, royal, recommendation, solo, stocking 09：文章长度为331单词，含部分难词 community, core, elementary, individual, diploma, tutor, time-consuming 10：文章长度为349单词，含少量难词 enthusiasm，irresistible, temporary 2010年完形填空题的文章结构 1 Another person’s enthusiasm was what set me moving toward the success I have achieved. 2 I was nine years old when she enterd our home in rural Virginia. 3 She changed many things... 4 What power enthusiasm has! 5 You can communicate that power to anyone who needs it. 2009年完形填空题的文章结构 1 The requirements for high school graduation have just changed in my community. 2 Supporters claim that … 3 … opponents (反对者) point out problems with the new requirement. 4 In my view, … 2010 江苏卷完型填空特点 1. 突出逻辑关系分析能力的考查 My stepmother walked over to me, 39 my head slightly upward… 39. A. dragged B. shook C. raised D. bent She moved our family into the county seat,where my father’s career could be more 45 and my brother and I could be better 46 . 45. A.successful B.meaningful C.helpful D.useful 46. A.treared B.entertained C.educated D.respected 2. 重视句子之间的逻辑连接 “You are 40 .This is not the worst boy at all, 41 the smartest one who hasn’t yet found an outlet（释放的途径）for his enthusiasm.” 40. A.perfect C.wrong 41. A.but C.and B.right D.impolite B.so D.or 3. 强调考生用词的准确性 She 44 my father to go to a dental school,from which he graduated with honors.She moved our family into the county seat,where my father’s career could be more successful and my brother and I could be better educated. 44. A.begged B.persuaded C.ordered D.invited 4 考查考生是否关注上下文的相互提示 Another person’s enthusiasm was what set me moving toward the success I have achieved. … What power 53 has! 53. A.enthusiasm C.fortune B.sympathy D.confidence 2010年完形填空 题 选项中干扰项的设置 “I would like you to meet the fellow who is distinguished for being the worst boy in this county and will probably start throwing rocks at you no 38 than tomorrow morning.” 38. A.sooner B.later C.longer D.earlier I wasn’t the 51 beneficiary (受益者).My father became the wealthiest man in town.My brothers and stepbrothers became a physician,a dentist,a lawyer,and a college president.