How can we better understand the causes of Imperialism? Warm Up – Define the following: 1. Imperialism 2. Capitalism 3. Nationalism Queen Victoria 1. Imperialism – A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically and socially 2. Capitalism – Economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit 3. Nationalism – The belief that people should be loyal mainly to their nation – that is, to the people with whom they share a culture and a history, rather than to a king or ruler. Imperialism or Nationalism ? Decide whether the picture depicts imperialism or nationalism and tell why you chose as you did. Student Pair-Work In pairs, please read Causes of Imperialism Handout 1. Answer Questions 1-5 2. Then, with your partner, RANK the 5 reasons for Imperialism in descending order 1=Most Important 5=Least Important The Sun Never Sets on the British Empire Examine the map below and then decide what the title means. Why Imperialism? Empire Building Economics Political and Military Interests Power and Authority Nineteenth Century – 1800s British Dominance called the Victorian Era after Queen Victoria who ruled for 64 years (page 595) Vocabulary Underdeveloped=not fully developed Manufactured=to make or produce by hand or machinery, esp. on a large scale. Burden=that which is carried; load Civilize=to bring out of a savage, uneducated, or rude state; make civil; Jealous= feeling resentment against someone because of that person's rivalry, success, or advantages Empire=a group of nations or peoples ruled over by an emperor: usually a territory of greater extent than a kingdom Political Cartoon Examine the Cartoon carefully, answer the questions that follow. Aim: How can we characterize British motivations for Imperialism in Africa? Do Now: Look at yesterday’s notes List at least 2 reasons for European Imperialism A White Man Comes Down the River Let’s read as a class. Answer questions 1-7 IN YOUR NOTEBOOKS! Please do not write on the Handout. Think-Pair-Share In pairs Read “The Scramble for Africa” Answer Questions 1-3 in complete sentences. Vocabulary: Social Darwinism-”survival of the fittest.” the strongest species will survive Berlin Conference- Meeting at which Europeans agreed on rules for colonizing state. The White Man’s Burden Read poem Answer questions 1-5 Aim: How was Africa carved up among European powers? Do Now: Map of Africa • Which countries are fighting for Africa? • Why are they fighting for Africa? Imperialism and Empire - Africa Textbook – page 623 1880 – Most of Africa consisted of independent states 1914 – With the exception of Ethiopia and Liberia, all of Africa was controlled by Europeans Handout #1 Letter from Menelik II Pairs : *Student A-will read *Student B-Will answer the questions 1-3 Vocabulary Caliph- a religious or political leader Expansion- the process of growing your empire Alliance-joining forces with another group or nation Expedition-a journey to acccomplish a goal Parley-discussion or conference Partition- to divide up among different groups or nations Matching: Why did European want to colonize Africa? Directions: Write correct sentence in the right box according to its title. a. pride or love for one’s nation b. superior weapons and equipment c. competition with other nations d. Europeans obligations to civilize savage Africans e. convert Africans to Christianity f. sell manufactured goods to Africans and use their natural resources Board Notes-Copy Berlin Conference 1884- European nations began a mad scramble for Africa-New Imperialism • Europeans used strong military & superior technology • Began to settle in Africa • Used trickery and deceit to manipulate Africans taken and Conquer • Ethiopia was only nation to resist colonization Summary Answer Aim AIM: How was the “White Man’s Burden” such a significant motivation for European Imperialism? Copy the following vocabulary into your notebooks: Social Darwinism-Europeans applied Darwin’s ideas about natural selection and the survival of the fittest to human societies. Superior races conquering the weak was nature’s way of improving the human species. The White Man’s Burden- Europeans felt they had the responsibility to improve the lives of Africans and Asians. It was their duty to share their technology, medicine and religion to “non civilized” people. In Groups, students will: Each group will analyze their assigned “altered version” of the original poem. You will write your own translation. Each group, will share their own translation to the class. Analyze original version Questions (use vocabulary): 1. For Kipling, what is the “White Man’s Burden?” 2. How would the people conquered by Europe feel about Kipling’s burden? 3. Why was this poem taken seriously in Britain, but mocked in nonWestern countries? Analyze the Political Cartoon Your group will: 1. Create your own Title for this cartoon 2. Describe to 2-3 sentences what is happening in the cartoon. 3. Is this a positive or negative image of Imperialism? Why or why not? Summary Answer the Multiple Choice Questions to assess our knowledge Aim: You be the Judge- Did European Imperialism benefit or harm Africa? Do Now: Evaluate the following quotes & answer the questions “When the Europeans came they ended human sacrifice & slavery among African Tribes” Do you think the author supported European imperialism in Africa & why? “Europeans stopped the slave trade because they believed they could make more money selling goods rather than slaves.” Do you think the author supported European imperialism in Africa & why? Vocabulary Segregation- the separation of people by race Cash crop- raising & selling of one crop to make a profit Fertile land- land rich in minerals that was able to be farmed Verdict- a final decision Task Use the information on the slips of paper to fill out the appropriate information on the chart. What your Verdict? Did European Imperialism benefit or harm Africa? Explain your answer using 3 examples. Should Imperialism be praised or condemned? Answer DBQ Questions 1-4 in complete sentences Aim: How was Britain able to Imperialize India? Do Now: Answer Practice Multiple Choice Questions on African Imperialism LOOK AHEAD: Test on Imperialism on Tuesday December 14th Think-Pair-Share Complete reading on Imperialism in India Reading Comprehension Read the story about Chandra Answer questions 1-5 Vocabulary: Turmoil-extreme confusion, chaos, great disorder Viceroy- the governor of a colony, rules as a representative of the mother country Profitable- Money made on an investment Suttee- ritual suicide of widowed wives Aim: You be the Judge: Did Imperialist rule benefit or harm India? Read the following quotes and answer the questions: “When the British came to India they created railways to link the whole subcontinent, now travel time is less.” “ When the British came to India they banned certain practices because they thought they were barbaric, like arranged child marriages.” Do you think the authors of these quotes would support the British in India? Why or Why not? Vocabulary Cash Crop -raising and selling of one crop instead of producing food. Caste System -social classes that Indians were born into and could not be changed. Activity Using the provided sheet of information, working with a partner discuss whether the information is a positive or negative affect of imperialism on India. Alternate reading the information with your partner. Final Summary Imagine you were writing an essay based on the focus question (Did British imperialist rule benefit or harm India?). Write a thesis statement (what you are proving), that includes your opinion. Use your top (3) statements as supporting details for your thesis. Create a Protest Poster Create a protest poster either For or Against British Rule in India based on what we learned today in class. Your poster should include: 1. Title 2. Slogan 3. Must show evidence of Imperialism 4. Image or illustration Aim: How was India able to gain independence for Great Britain? Do Now: Read and answer questions 1-3 on “India’s struggle for Independence” Vocabulary: Civic DisobedienceCivil Resister- Watch Video Clip As we watch the clip on Imperialism in India and Gandhi, write down at least 3 things you learned from the video about life in India during British Imperialism and their fight for independence. http://player.discoveryeducation.com/inde x.cfm?guidAssetId=8A7DDF58-0A214F7A-99712FF0813C8791&blnFromSearch=1&produc tcode=US Gandhi Read and Answer Questions for Discussion. Alternate reading and answer questions with your partner. Vocabulary Disobey- to not listen to, refuse to follow instructions Unjust- no fair, wrongful Assassinated- to kill a public official, to murder, to attack Ironic-an unexpected outcome, an odd coincidence Discussion Questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Define “Civil Disobedience” Define “Passive Resistance” Why didn’t Gandhi believe in the use of force to overthrow the British? Why is the Great Salt March an example of both civil disobedience and passive resistance? Great Britain was one of the most powerful countries in the world in 1947. Why did they give India independence and lose a valuable colony? Indian people call Gandhi “Mahatma” which meant “Great Soul.” Why do you believe they gave him this title? Why was it ironic that Gandhi was assassinated? Board notes Please copy the following 3 slides into your notebooks. British in India British East India company controlled much of India using sepoys. Sepoys – Native Hindu or Muslim mercenary private police Crops: opium poppies for sale in China and cotton and tea for sale in the rest of the British empire Cotton textile making outlawed in India India was so profitable, it was called the “Jewel in the Crown.” Imperialism and Empire - India • Textbook – page 632 The Sepoy Rebellion allowed British soldiers to invade and control all of India The British established control of India and its neighbors by 1914. The British controlled Australia, New Zealand and much of the far east. The worlds’ biggest empire! Forces Enabling African and Indian Imperialism European technological superiority • • • • Steamboats Automatic machine gun Locomotive Telegraph Europeans had the means to control their empires • Easy travel • Wide spread communication African and Indian disunity • Huge variety of cultures • Fighting among cultures • Huge business interests and support from companies How was India able to gain its independence from Great Britain? Do Now: 1. Define Civil Disobedience 2. Passive Resistance In your own words from yesterday’s lesson. HOMEWORK #4= Pages 635-639 Define# 1 (A,B,C,E, F) and Ques. 3-5 Reminder: Test moved to Thursday Study notes, handouts, textbook and Read Aloud Why did England grant India Independence? 2 students will act out the roles of Gandhi & Major Owen in short play. Groups will answer questions 1-6 on handout #1: Why did England grant India Independence? Analyzing a Political Cartoon Working in pairs, CAREFULLY analyze the Cartoon. Answer Questions 1-5 in complete sentences! Summary Documents on Imperialism in India: An Evaluation. Aim: How did Imperialism affect China’s development? Do Now: Analyze the cartoon. Answer Questions 1-3 1. What do you see in this political cartoon? 2. Which countries are being depicted in this illustration? 3. Why do you think they are interested in China? Class Read-Aloud European Spheres of Influence VocabularyOpium War- began when Chinese officials tried to keep British ships from bringing the addictive drug into China Treaty of Nanking- gave Britain right to Hong Kong, right to set tariffs, and British subjects could live in China under British law Taiping Rebellion- Widespread economic discontent and unpopularity Sphere of Influence- exclusive trading rights Boxers/ Boxer Rebellion- secret societies to expel all foreigners Read the Quote 17A- Which quote is a primary source? 17B- What information in that quotation supports your conclusion? 17C- Do the events described on this page support the position held by the British Home Secretary? Group work In groups, carefully analyze the documents. Answer in complete sentences 1-4. Imperialism in China – page 638 Because of repeated attempts at invasion, China distrusted foreigners and tried to remain isolationist. They were unsucessful. Britain gained spheres of influence in China through smuggling opium. Resulted in Opium War (page 636) and Boxer Uprising. (page 638) Suez Canal - 1875 (page 629) Europeans needed a faster way to get from the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean The French and the Egyptians, with funding from France, began a canal to connect the two water bodies. Because Egypt could not pay their canal debts, they sold their shares to Great Britain 1882 – Egyptian nationalists rebel against foreign influence. British make Egypt a protectorate and take over control of the canal. Imperialism in America Early imperialism called Manifest Destiny – to expand from “sea to shining sea.” Indian wars, the Mexican War and the Civil War have been called examples of such imperialism. (page 609) Americans moved out into the Pacific Ocean in the nineteenth century (1800s). Took control of Hawaii. Japan – in 1853 Commodore Matthew Perry opened up trade with Japan by threatening military action (page 645). Japanese opened up trade to everyone. By 1830, Japan itself was an imperialist power, taking control of the Pacific. This led to American involvement in WWII. Fought a war with Spain in 1898. Acquired the Philippines, Guam and Puerto Rico. (Spanish American War) The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914 Causes Nationalism To gain power, European nations compete for colonies and trade. Economic Competition Demand for raw materials and new markets spurs a search for colonies. Missionary Spirit Europeans believe they must spread their Christian teachings to the world. Europeans exerted influence over the economic, political, and social lives of people they colonized. The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914 Effects Colonization Europeans control land and people in areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Europeans exerted influence over the economic, political, and social lives of people they colonized. Colonial Economics Europeans control trade in the colonies and set up dependent cash-crop economies. Christianization Christianity is spread to Africa, India, and Asia.