PowerPointB5 Imperialism and the Victorian Era

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How can we better understand
the causes of Imperialism?
Warm Up – Define the
following:
1. Imperialism
2. Capitalism
3. Nationalism
Queen Victoria
1. Imperialism – A policy in which a
strong nation seeks to dominate
other countries politically,
economically and socially
2. Capitalism – Economic system in
which the means of production are
privately owned and operated for
profit
3. Nationalism – The belief that
people should be loyal mainly to
their nation – that is, to the people
with whom they share a culture
and a history, rather than to a king
or ruler.
Imperialism
or
Nationalism
?
Decide whether the
picture depicts
imperialism or
nationalism and tell
why you chose as
you did.
Student Pair-Work
In pairs, please read Causes of
Imperialism Handout
1. Answer Questions 1-5
2. Then, with your partner, RANK the
5 reasons for Imperialism in
descending order
1=Most Important
5=Least Important

The Sun Never Sets on the
British Empire
Examine the map below and then decide
what the title means.
Why Imperialism?
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Empire Building
Economics
Political and Military
Interests
Power and Authority
Nineteenth Century –
1800s
British Dominance called the Victorian Era
after Queen Victoria
who ruled for 64 years
(page 595)
Vocabulary
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Underdeveloped=not fully developed
Manufactured=to make or produce by hand or
machinery, esp. on a large scale.
Burden=that which is carried; load
Civilize=to bring out of a savage, uneducated, or
rude state; make civil;
Jealous= feeling resentment against someone
because of that person's rivalry, success, or
advantages
Empire=a group of nations or peoples ruled over
by an emperor: usually a territory of greater
extent than a kingdom
Political Cartoon

Examine the Cartoon carefully,
answer the questions that follow.
Aim: How can we characterize
British motivations for
Imperialism in Africa?
Do Now:
Look at yesterday’s notes
List at least 2 reasons for European
Imperialism

A White Man Comes Down the
River
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Let’s read as a class.
Answer questions 1-7 IN YOUR
NOTEBOOKS! Please do not write
on the Handout.
Think-Pair-Share


In pairs Read “The Scramble for
Africa”
Answer Questions 1-3 in complete
sentences.
Vocabulary:
Social Darwinism-”survival of the fittest.” the
strongest species will survive
Berlin Conference- Meeting at which Europeans
agreed on rules for colonizing state.

The White Man’s Burden
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
Read poem
Answer
questions 1-5
Aim: How was Africa carved up
among European powers?

Do Now: Map of Africa
• Which countries are fighting for Africa?
• Why are they fighting for Africa?
Imperialism and Empire - Africa
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Textbook – page
623
1880 – Most of
Africa consisted of
independent
states
1914 – With the
exception of
Ethiopia and
Liberia, all of
Africa was
controlled by
Europeans
Handout #1 Letter from Menelik II

Pairs : *Student A-will read
*Student B-Will answer the
questions 1-3
Vocabulary
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Caliph- a religious or political leader
Expansion- the process of growing your
empire
Alliance-joining forces with another group
or nation
Expedition-a journey to acccomplish a
goal
Parley-discussion or conference
Partition- to divide up among different
groups or nations
Matching: Why did European want
to colonize Africa?

Directions: Write correct sentence in the
right box according to its title.
a. pride or love for one’s nation
b. superior weapons and equipment
c. competition with other nations
d. Europeans obligations to civilize savage
Africans
e. convert Africans to Christianity
f. sell manufactured goods to Africans and
use their natural resources
Board Notes-Copy

Berlin Conference 1884- European
nations began a mad scramble for
Africa-New Imperialism
• Europeans used strong military &
superior technology
• Began to settle in Africa
• Used trickery and deceit to manipulate
Africans taken and Conquer
• Ethiopia was only nation to resist
colonization
Summary

Answer Aim
AIM: How was the “White Man’s
Burden” such a significant motivation
for European Imperialism?
Copy the following vocabulary into your notebooks:
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Social Darwinism-Europeans applied Darwin’s
ideas about natural selection and the survival of
the fittest to human societies. Superior races
conquering the weak was nature’s way of
improving the human species.
The White Man’s Burden- Europeans felt they
had the responsibility to improve the lives of
Africans and Asians. It was their duty to share
their technology, medicine and religion to “non
civilized” people.
In Groups, students will:
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Each group will analyze their
assigned “altered version” of the
original poem.
You will write your own translation.
Each group, will share their own
translation to the class.
Analyze original version
Questions (use vocabulary):
1. For Kipling, what is the “White
Man’s Burden?”
2. How would the people conquered by
Europe feel about Kipling’s burden?
3. Why was this poem taken seriously
in Britain, but mocked in nonWestern countries?

Analyze the Political Cartoon
Your group will:
1. Create your own Title for this
cartoon
2. Describe to 2-3 sentences what is
happening in the cartoon.
3. Is this a positive or negative
image of Imperialism? Why or why
not?
Summary

Answer the Multiple Choice Questions
to assess our knowledge
Aim: You be the Judge- Did
European Imperialism benefit or
harm Africa?
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Do Now: Evaluate the following quotes & answer
the questions
“When the Europeans came they ended human
sacrifice & slavery among African Tribes” Do you
think the author supported European imperialism
in Africa & why?
“Europeans stopped the slave trade because they
believed they could make more money selling
goods rather than slaves.”
Do you think the author supported European
imperialism in Africa & why?
Vocabulary
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Segregation- the separation of
people by race
Cash crop- raising & selling of one
crop to make a profit
Fertile land- land rich in minerals
that was able to be farmed
Verdict- a final decision
Task

Use the information on the slips of
paper to fill out the appropriate
information on the chart.
What your Verdict?

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Did European Imperialism benefit or
harm Africa?
Explain your answer using 3
examples.
Should Imperialism be praised or
condemned?

Answer DBQ Questions 1-4 in
complete sentences
Aim: How was Britain able to
Imperialize India?
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Do Now: Answer Practice Multiple
Choice Questions on African
Imperialism
LOOK AHEAD: Test on Imperialism
on Tuesday December 14th
Think-Pair-Share

Complete reading on Imperialism in
India
Reading Comprehension
Read the story about Chandra
 Answer questions 1-5
Vocabulary:
Turmoil-extreme confusion, chaos, great
disorder
Viceroy- the governor of a colony, rules as
a representative of the mother country
Profitable- Money made on an investment
Suttee- ritual suicide of widowed wives
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Aim: You be the Judge: Did
Imperialist rule benefit or harm
India?
Read the following quotes and answer the
questions:
“When the British came to India they
created railways to link the whole
subcontinent, now travel time is less.”
“ When the British came to India they
banned certain practices because they
thought they were barbaric, like arranged
child marriages.”
Do you think the authors of these quotes
would support the British in India? Why or
Why not?
Vocabulary
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Cash Crop -raising and selling of
one crop instead of producing food.
Caste System -social classes that
Indians were born into and could not
be changed.
Activity

Using the provided sheet of
information, working with a partner
discuss whether the information is a
positive or negative affect of
imperialism on India. Alternate
reading the information with your
partner.
Final Summary

Imagine you were writing an essay
based on the focus question (Did
British imperialist rule benefit or
harm India?). Write a thesis
statement (what you are proving),
that includes your opinion. Use your
top (3) statements as supporting
details for your thesis.
Create a Protest Poster
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Create a protest poster either For or
Against British Rule in India based on
what we learned today in class.
Your poster should include:
1. Title
2. Slogan
3. Must show evidence of
Imperialism
4. Image or illustration
Aim: How was India able to gain
independence for Great Britain?

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Do Now: Read and answer questions
1-3 on “India’s struggle for
Independence”
Vocabulary:
Civic DisobedienceCivil Resister-
Watch Video Clip

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As we watch the clip on Imperialism in
India and Gandhi, write down at least 3
things you learned from the video about
life in India during British Imperialism and
their fight for independence.
http://player.discoveryeducation.com/inde
x.cfm?guidAssetId=8A7DDF58-0A214F7A-99712FF0813C8791&blnFromSearch=1&produc
tcode=US
Gandhi
Read and Answer Questions for
Discussion.
Alternate reading and answer
questions with your partner.
Vocabulary
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Disobey- to not listen to, refuse to
follow instructions
Unjust- no fair, wrongful
Assassinated- to kill a public
official, to murder, to attack
Ironic-an unexpected outcome, an
odd coincidence
Discussion Questions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Define “Civil Disobedience”
Define “Passive Resistance”
Why didn’t Gandhi believe in the use of force to
overthrow the British?
Why is the Great Salt March an example of both
civil disobedience and passive resistance?
Great Britain was one of the most powerful
countries in the world in 1947. Why did they
give India independence and lose a valuable
colony?
Indian people call Gandhi “Mahatma” which
meant “Great Soul.” Why do you believe they
gave him this title?
Why was it ironic that Gandhi was
assassinated?
Board notes

Please copy the following 3 slides
into your notebooks.
British in India
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British East India company controlled
much of India using sepoys.
Sepoys – Native Hindu or Muslim
mercenary private police
Crops: opium poppies for sale in China
and cotton and tea for sale in the rest of
the British empire
Cotton textile making outlawed in India
India was so profitable, it was called the
“Jewel in the Crown.”
Imperialism and Empire - India
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• Textbook – page 632
The Sepoy Rebellion
allowed British soldiers to
invade and control all of
India
The British established
control of India and its
neighbors by 1914.
The British controlled
Australia, New Zealand
and much of the far east.
The worlds’ biggest
empire!
Forces Enabling African and
Indian Imperialism
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European technological superiority
•
•
•
•
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Steamboats
Automatic machine gun
Locomotive
Telegraph
Europeans had the means to control their
empires
• Easy travel
• Wide spread communication
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African and Indian disunity
• Huge variety of cultures
• Fighting among cultures
• Huge business interests and support from
companies
How was India able to gain its
independence from Great Britain?
Do Now: 1. Define Civil Disobedience
2. Passive Resistance
In your own words from yesterday’s
lesson.
HOMEWORK #4= Pages 635-639
Define# 1 (A,B,C,E, F) and Ques. 3-5
Reminder: Test moved to Thursday
Study notes, handouts, textbook and
Read Aloud
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Why did England grant India
Independence?
2 students will act out the roles of
Gandhi & Major Owen in short play.
Groups will answer questions 1-6 on
handout #1: Why did England grant
India Independence?
Analyzing a Political Cartoon
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Working in pairs, CAREFULLY analyze
the Cartoon.
Answer Questions 1-5 in complete
sentences!
Summary

Documents on Imperialism in India:
An Evaluation.
Aim: How did Imperialism affect
China’s development?
Do Now: Analyze the cartoon. Answer
Questions 1-3
1. What do you see in this political
cartoon?
2. Which countries are being depicted
in this illustration?
3. Why do you think they are
interested in China?
Class Read-Aloud
European Spheres of Influence
VocabularyOpium War- began when Chinese officials tried to
keep British ships from bringing the addictive
drug into China
Treaty of Nanking- gave Britain right to Hong
Kong, right to set tariffs, and British subjects
could live in China under British law
Taiping Rebellion- Widespread economic
discontent and unpopularity
Sphere of Influence- exclusive trading rights
Boxers/ Boxer Rebellion- secret societies to
expel all foreigners
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Read the Quote
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17A- Which quote is a primary
source?
17B- What information in that
quotation supports your conclusion?
17C- Do the events described on this
page support the position held by the
British Home Secretary?
Group work

In groups, carefully analyze the
documents. Answer in complete
sentences 1-4.
Imperialism in China – page 638
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Because of repeated
attempts at invasion,
China distrusted
foreigners and tried to
remain isolationist.
They were unsucessful.
Britain gained spheres of
influence in China
through smuggling
opium. Resulted in
Opium War (page 636)
and Boxer Uprising. (page
638)
Suez Canal - 1875
(page 629)
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Europeans needed a faster way to
get from the Mediterranean to the
Indian Ocean
The French and the Egyptians, with
funding from France, began a canal
to connect the two water bodies.
Because Egypt could not pay their
canal debts, they sold their shares
to Great Britain
1882 – Egyptian nationalists rebel
against foreign influence. British
make Egypt a protectorate and take
over control of the canal.
Imperialism in America
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Early imperialism called Manifest Destiny – to expand
from “sea to shining sea.” Indian wars, the Mexican War
and the Civil War have been called examples of such
imperialism. (page 609)
Americans moved out into the Pacific Ocean in the
nineteenth century (1800s). Took control of Hawaii.
Japan – in 1853 Commodore Matthew Perry opened up
trade with Japan by threatening military action (page
645).
Japanese opened up trade to everyone. By 1830, Japan
itself was an imperialist power, taking control of the
Pacific. This led to American involvement in WWII.
Fought a war with Spain in 1898. Acquired the
Philippines, Guam and Puerto Rico. (Spanish American
War)
The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914
Causes
Nationalism
To gain power, European
nations compete for
colonies and trade.
Economic Competition
Demand for raw
materials and new
markets spurs a search
for colonies.
Missionary Spirit
Europeans believe they
must spread their
Christian teachings to
the world.
Europeans
exerted influence
over the economic,
political, and social
lives of people they
colonized.
The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914
Effects
Colonization
Europeans control land
and people in areas of
Africa, Asia, and Latin
America.
Europeans
exerted influence
over the economic,
political, and social
lives of people they
colonized.
Colonial Economics
Europeans control trade
in the colonies and set
up dependent cash-crop
economies.
Christianization
Christianity is spread to
Africa, India, and Asia.
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