PowerPointB5 Imperialism and the Victorian Era

How can we better understand
the causes of Imperialism?
Warm Up – Define the
1. Imperialism
2. Capitalism
3. Nationalism
Queen Victoria
1. Imperialism – A policy in which a
strong nation seeks to dominate
other countries politically,
economically and socially
2. Capitalism – Economic system in
which the means of production are
privately owned and operated for
3. Nationalism – The belief that
people should be loyal mainly to
their nation – that is, to the people
with whom they share a culture
and a history, rather than to a king
or ruler.
Decide whether the
picture depicts
imperialism or
nationalism and tell
why you chose as
you did.
Student Pair-Work
In pairs, please read Causes of
Imperialism Handout
1. Answer Questions 1-5
2. Then, with your partner, RANK the
5 reasons for Imperialism in
descending order
1=Most Important
5=Least Important
The Sun Never Sets on the
British Empire
Examine the map below and then decide
what the title means.
Why Imperialism?
Empire Building
Political and Military
Power and Authority
Nineteenth Century –
British Dominance called the Victorian Era
after Queen Victoria
who ruled for 64 years
(page 595)
Underdeveloped=not fully developed
Manufactured=to make or produce by hand or
machinery, esp. on a large scale.
Burden=that which is carried; load
Civilize=to bring out of a savage, uneducated, or
rude state; make civil;
Jealous= feeling resentment against someone
because of that person's rivalry, success, or
Empire=a group of nations or peoples ruled over
by an emperor: usually a territory of greater
extent than a kingdom
Political Cartoon
Examine the Cartoon carefully,
answer the questions that follow.
Aim: How can we characterize
British motivations for
Imperialism in Africa?
Do Now:
Look at yesterday’s notes
List at least 2 reasons for European
A White Man Comes Down the
Let’s read as a class.
Answer questions 1-7 IN YOUR
NOTEBOOKS! Please do not write
on the Handout.
In pairs Read “The Scramble for
Answer Questions 1-3 in complete
Social Darwinism-”survival of the fittest.” the
strongest species will survive
Berlin Conference- Meeting at which Europeans
agreed on rules for colonizing state.
The White Man’s Burden
Read poem
questions 1-5
Aim: How was Africa carved up
among European powers?
Do Now: Map of Africa
• Which countries are fighting for Africa?
• Why are they fighting for Africa?
Imperialism and Empire - Africa
Textbook – page
1880 – Most of
Africa consisted of
1914 – With the
exception of
Ethiopia and
Liberia, all of
Africa was
controlled by
Handout #1 Letter from Menelik II
Pairs : *Student A-will read
*Student B-Will answer the
questions 1-3
Caliph- a religious or political leader
Expansion- the process of growing your
Alliance-joining forces with another group
or nation
Expedition-a journey to acccomplish a
Parley-discussion or conference
Partition- to divide up among different
groups or nations
Matching: Why did European want
to colonize Africa?
Directions: Write correct sentence in the
right box according to its title.
a. pride or love for one’s nation
b. superior weapons and equipment
c. competition with other nations
d. Europeans obligations to civilize savage
e. convert Africans to Christianity
f. sell manufactured goods to Africans and
use their natural resources
Board Notes-Copy
Berlin Conference 1884- European
nations began a mad scramble for
Africa-New Imperialism
• Europeans used strong military &
superior technology
• Began to settle in Africa
• Used trickery and deceit to manipulate
Africans taken and Conquer
• Ethiopia was only nation to resist
Answer Aim
AIM: How was the “White Man’s
Burden” such a significant motivation
for European Imperialism?
Copy the following vocabulary into your notebooks:
Social Darwinism-Europeans applied Darwin’s
ideas about natural selection and the survival of
the fittest to human societies. Superior races
conquering the weak was nature’s way of
improving the human species.
The White Man’s Burden- Europeans felt they
had the responsibility to improve the lives of
Africans and Asians. It was their duty to share
their technology, medicine and religion to “non
civilized” people.
In Groups, students will:
Each group will analyze their
assigned “altered version” of the
original poem.
You will write your own translation.
Each group, will share their own
translation to the class.
Analyze original version
Questions (use vocabulary):
1. For Kipling, what is the “White
Man’s Burden?”
2. How would the people conquered by
Europe feel about Kipling’s burden?
3. Why was this poem taken seriously
in Britain, but mocked in nonWestern countries?
Analyze the Political Cartoon
Your group will:
1. Create your own Title for this
2. Describe to 2-3 sentences what is
happening in the cartoon.
3. Is this a positive or negative
image of Imperialism? Why or why
Answer the Multiple Choice Questions
to assess our knowledge
Aim: You be the Judge- Did
European Imperialism benefit or
harm Africa?
Do Now: Evaluate the following quotes & answer
the questions
“When the Europeans came they ended human
sacrifice & slavery among African Tribes” Do you
think the author supported European imperialism
in Africa & why?
“Europeans stopped the slave trade because they
believed they could make more money selling
goods rather than slaves.”
Do you think the author supported European
imperialism in Africa & why?
Segregation- the separation of
people by race
Cash crop- raising & selling of one
crop to make a profit
Fertile land- land rich in minerals
that was able to be farmed
Verdict- a final decision
Use the information on the slips of
paper to fill out the appropriate
information on the chart.
What your Verdict?
Did European Imperialism benefit or
harm Africa?
Explain your answer using 3
Should Imperialism be praised or
Answer DBQ Questions 1-4 in
complete sentences
Aim: How was Britain able to
Imperialize India?
Do Now: Answer Practice Multiple
Choice Questions on African
LOOK AHEAD: Test on Imperialism
on Tuesday December 14th
Complete reading on Imperialism in
Reading Comprehension
Read the story about Chandra
 Answer questions 1-5
Turmoil-extreme confusion, chaos, great
Viceroy- the governor of a colony, rules as
a representative of the mother country
Profitable- Money made on an investment
Suttee- ritual suicide of widowed wives
Aim: You be the Judge: Did
Imperialist rule benefit or harm
Read the following quotes and answer the
“When the British came to India they
created railways to link the whole
subcontinent, now travel time is less.”
“ When the British came to India they
banned certain practices because they
thought they were barbaric, like arranged
child marriages.”
Do you think the authors of these quotes
would support the British in India? Why or
Why not?
Cash Crop -raising and selling of
one crop instead of producing food.
Caste System -social classes that
Indians were born into and could not
be changed.
Using the provided sheet of
information, working with a partner
discuss whether the information is a
positive or negative affect of
imperialism on India. Alternate
reading the information with your
Final Summary
Imagine you were writing an essay
based on the focus question (Did
British imperialist rule benefit or
harm India?). Write a thesis
statement (what you are proving),
that includes your opinion. Use your
top (3) statements as supporting
details for your thesis.
Create a Protest Poster
Create a protest poster either For or
Against British Rule in India based on
what we learned today in class.
Your poster should include:
1. Title
2. Slogan
3. Must show evidence of
4. Image or illustration
Aim: How was India able to gain
independence for Great Britain?
Do Now: Read and answer questions
1-3 on “India’s struggle for
Civic DisobedienceCivil Resister-
Watch Video Clip
As we watch the clip on Imperialism in
India and Gandhi, write down at least 3
things you learned from the video about
life in India during British Imperialism and
their fight for independence.
Read and Answer Questions for
Alternate reading and answer
questions with your partner.
Disobey- to not listen to, refuse to
follow instructions
Unjust- no fair, wrongful
Assassinated- to kill a public
official, to murder, to attack
Ironic-an unexpected outcome, an
odd coincidence
Discussion Questions
Define “Civil Disobedience”
Define “Passive Resistance”
Why didn’t Gandhi believe in the use of force to
overthrow the British?
Why is the Great Salt March an example of both
civil disobedience and passive resistance?
Great Britain was one of the most powerful
countries in the world in 1947. Why did they
give India independence and lose a valuable
Indian people call Gandhi “Mahatma” which
meant “Great Soul.” Why do you believe they
gave him this title?
Why was it ironic that Gandhi was
Board notes
Please copy the following 3 slides
into your notebooks.
British in India
British East India company controlled
much of India using sepoys.
Sepoys – Native Hindu or Muslim
mercenary private police
Crops: opium poppies for sale in China
and cotton and tea for sale in the rest of
the British empire
Cotton textile making outlawed in India
India was so profitable, it was called the
“Jewel in the Crown.”
Imperialism and Empire - India
• Textbook – page 632
The Sepoy Rebellion
allowed British soldiers to
invade and control all of
The British established
control of India and its
neighbors by 1914.
The British controlled
Australia, New Zealand
and much of the far east.
The worlds’ biggest
Forces Enabling African and
Indian Imperialism
European technological superiority
Automatic machine gun
Europeans had the means to control their
• Easy travel
• Wide spread communication
African and Indian disunity
• Huge variety of cultures
• Fighting among cultures
• Huge business interests and support from
How was India able to gain its
independence from Great Britain?
Do Now: 1. Define Civil Disobedience
2. Passive Resistance
In your own words from yesterday’s
HOMEWORK #4= Pages 635-639
Define# 1 (A,B,C,E, F) and Ques. 3-5
Reminder: Test moved to Thursday
Study notes, handouts, textbook and
Read Aloud
Why did England grant India
2 students will act out the roles of
Gandhi & Major Owen in short play.
Groups will answer questions 1-6 on
handout #1: Why did England grant
India Independence?
Analyzing a Political Cartoon
Working in pairs, CAREFULLY analyze
the Cartoon.
Answer Questions 1-5 in complete
Documents on Imperialism in India:
An Evaluation.
Aim: How did Imperialism affect
China’s development?
Do Now: Analyze the cartoon. Answer
Questions 1-3
1. What do you see in this political
2. Which countries are being depicted
in this illustration?
3. Why do you think they are
interested in China?
Class Read-Aloud
European Spheres of Influence
VocabularyOpium War- began when Chinese officials tried to
keep British ships from bringing the addictive
drug into China
Treaty of Nanking- gave Britain right to Hong
Kong, right to set tariffs, and British subjects
could live in China under British law
Taiping Rebellion- Widespread economic
discontent and unpopularity
Sphere of Influence- exclusive trading rights
Boxers/ Boxer Rebellion- secret societies to
expel all foreigners
Read the Quote
17A- Which quote is a primary
17B- What information in that
quotation supports your conclusion?
17C- Do the events described on this
page support the position held by the
British Home Secretary?
Group work
In groups, carefully analyze the
documents. Answer in complete
sentences 1-4.
Imperialism in China – page 638
Because of repeated
attempts at invasion,
China distrusted
foreigners and tried to
remain isolationist.
They were unsucessful.
Britain gained spheres of
influence in China
through smuggling
opium. Resulted in
Opium War (page 636)
and Boxer Uprising. (page
Suez Canal - 1875
(page 629)
Europeans needed a faster way to
get from the Mediterranean to the
Indian Ocean
The French and the Egyptians, with
funding from France, began a canal
to connect the two water bodies.
Because Egypt could not pay their
canal debts, they sold their shares
to Great Britain
1882 – Egyptian nationalists rebel
against foreign influence. British
make Egypt a protectorate and take
over control of the canal.
Imperialism in America
Early imperialism called Manifest Destiny – to expand
from “sea to shining sea.” Indian wars, the Mexican War
and the Civil War have been called examples of such
imperialism. (page 609)
Americans moved out into the Pacific Ocean in the
nineteenth century (1800s). Took control of Hawaii.
Japan – in 1853 Commodore Matthew Perry opened up
trade with Japan by threatening military action (page
Japanese opened up trade to everyone. By 1830, Japan
itself was an imperialist power, taking control of the
Pacific. This led to American involvement in WWII.
Fought a war with Spain in 1898. Acquired the
Philippines, Guam and Puerto Rico. (Spanish American
The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914
To gain power, European
nations compete for
colonies and trade.
Economic Competition
Demand for raw
materials and new
markets spurs a search
for colonies.
Missionary Spirit
Europeans believe they
must spread their
Christian teachings to
the world.
exerted influence
over the economic,
political, and social
lives of people they
The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914
Europeans control land
and people in areas of
Africa, Asia, and Latin
exerted influence
over the economic,
political, and social
lives of people they
Colonial Economics
Europeans control trade
in the colonies and set
up dependent cash-crop
Christianity is spread to
Africa, India, and Asia.
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