Classical Period - Markham Woods Middle School Band

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Markham Woods Middle
Music History
Part 2
The Classical Period
Classical Period
• 1750 – 1820
• More defined beginning of the period
relating to style
• Rococo style originated in France
• Music was light and embellished
Classical Period
Vocal Music
• Opera
–
–
–
–
Featured vocal ensemble rather than solo
Reflected the music of the time period
More dramatic music for effect
Orchestra expanded and featured
• Religious Music
– Reflected a more Baroque and Opera style
Classical Period
Instrumental Music
• Symphony
– Resembles modern Symphony Orchestra
• Strings: Violin, Viola, Cello, Bass
• Woodwind: Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, Bassoon
• Brass: Trumpet, Horn, Trombone
• Percussion: Timpani
Classical Period
Instrumental Music
• Chamber Orchestra
– Small ensemble, one to a part
• String Quartet (most popular)
• Mixed Trio, Quartet and Quintet
• Keyboard Music
– Sonata for Piano & Harpsichord
Classical Period
Instruments
• Violin
Classical Period
Instruments
• Viola
Classical Period
Instruments
• Cello
Classical Period
Instruments
• Bass
Classical Period
Instruments
• Flute
Classical Period
Instruments
• Oboe
Classical Period
Instruments
• Bassoon
Classical Period
Instruments
• Clarinet
Classical Period
Instruments
• Trumpet
– Flatt - double slide
• Designed By Henry Purcell
Classical Period
Instruments
• Trumpet
– Tromba de Tirarsi - Single Slide
Classical Period
Instruments
• Trumpet
– Natural - No Slide
Classical Period
Instruments
• Horn
– Hand Horn
Classical Period
Instruments
• Trombone
Classical Period
Instruments
• Timpani
Classical Period
Composers
• Wolfgang Amadeus
Mozart
– Child prodigy, wrote
“Twinkle Twinkle Little Star”
• The Marriage of Figaro*, Don
Giovanni, The Magic Flute
Classical Period
Composers
• Joseph Haydn
– Employed by Prince
Nicholas Esterhazy for 30
years
– Composer of mostly string
quartets
– Composition Teacher
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