Viking Powerpoint

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A Viking Tale
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By Emma Killen
Who were the Vikings?
The Vikings were people from around the 800. The
Vikings raided other countries and traded their goods
back in Scandinavia. Some would settle and some
would continue to raid. Scandinavia had to many high
hills, therefore not good enough to grow crops.
Where did the Vikings come from?
The Vikings came from Norway, Sweden and Denmark. These countries were more commonly
known as Scandinavia. The Vikings travelled around a lot. They travelled to places like North
America, Russia, North Africa, Constantinople, Iceland, Greenland and Ireland. When they
travelled to Ireland they settled in Dublin, Wexford, Cork, Waterford and Limerick.
Kings
Most countries that were raided by Vikings
were ruled by Kings. King Alfred ruled a
kingdom in England called Wessex.
Guthorm was the Viking leader and he
decided to battle his army against the only
part of England not under Viking control;
Wessex. They fought a battle at a place
called Eddington. Guthorm offered his
sword in surrender to King Alfred. Alfred
made Guthorm swear to be a Christian.
Earls
Viking Earls were very powerful
too. Although they were not as
powerful as the Kings. There was
once a Viking earl named Sigurd
Eysteinsson or Earl Sigurd The
Mighty. He was the very first
Earl of Orkney.
Craftsmen
Craftsmen were like farmers. They were
free men. They would make the spears,
axes, swords, bows and arrows. Basically,
they would make all the weapons used in
battle. Viking craftsmen included
blacksmiths, bronzesmiths, coopers,
leather tanners, saddlers, shoemakers and
other men who made leather goods.
Other craftsmen carved bone and antler
into items like combs.
Women
Women could not actually be
Vikings . The Old Norse work
Vikingar was meant for men only.
But women did play a part in some
form of settlement. For example,
Iceland wasn’t home to anyone or
anything, and a permanent
immigration was only possible if
women joined in the journey.
Slave
Almost every slave traded in the early
middle ages and anyone who did was
captured in raids or warfare. The Vikings
are the slaves in the history of Europe,
making other people in Eastern Europe
and the Mediterranean slaves. They would
sell them in markets far away. For
example, a couple of Moors were taken in
Spain during a raid in the 9th century.
They ended up in Ireland. Ireland itself
was a source of slaves for the Vikings, as
was Scotland.
Viking Gods
The Vikings had many different Gods.
Freyja was the Goddess of love. Friday was named
after her.
Thor was the God of thunder. Thursday was named
after him.
Loki was half God and half fire sprit.
Odin was the God of War. Wednesday was named
after him.
Food
The Vikings ate smoked and salted fish and meat. Also they ate beef, mutton, lamb, goat,
horse, pork, chicken, geese, ducks, eggs, hakikarl (fermented shark), surströmning (sour
herring), deer, elk, reindeer, bear, boar, squirrel, golden plover, grey plover, black grouse,
wood pigeon, lapwing, wild goose, walnuts, almonds, chestnuts, cod, coalfish, herring,
salmon, haddock, ling, mackerel, oysters, cockles, mussels, winkles, smelt, eels, salmon,
scallops, beached whales, porpoises, seals, sloes, plums, apples, blackberries, bilberries, figs,
grapes, carrots, parsnips, turnips, celery, spinach, wild celery, cabbage, radishes, fava beans,
peas, beets, angelica, mushrooms, leeks, onions, seaweed, goat and cow milk, butter,
buttermilk, whey, skyr, curds, cheese, barley, rye, oats, rice, millet, buckwheat, dill,
coriander, hops, cumin, pepper, saffron, ginger, cardamom, grains of paradise, cloves,
nutmeg, mace, cinnamon, anise-seed, bay leaves, vinegar, honey, porridge and flatbread.
Clothes
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The cooler climates were snugger clothes. The warmer the climate, the
more loosely they fit. They liked bright colours. They did not have
pockets in their clothing so they either tied their items to themselves
by using a belt, or they hung them from a pin at the front. Viking
men would wear tunics, jerkins, pants and leather boots. Men and
women's clothes were often decorated with needle work and fancy
braiding. They
would both wear cloaks of linen or fur
depending on the climate. Vikings
held up their clothes by using
decorative brooches.
Games
The Vikings enjoyed many sports such as swimming, wrestling, skiing and iceskating. They also enjoyed hunting. They also found horse fighting enjoyable.
Indoors they played dice and a board game called Hnefatafl. They also played chess.
Vikings also played a game similar to backgammon called Kvatrutafl and an early
form of draughts. The Vikings were also fond of listening to stories and telling
riddles. Rich Vikings held great feasts. At them poets called skalds sang poems
praising their lord's brave deeds. Viking musical instruments included harps, horns
and wooden pipes.
Thank you!
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