AmericanGovernmentCh.17Sec.4

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American Government
Chapter 17
Foreign Policy and National
Defense
Section 4
Foreign Aid and Defense Alliances
Security Alliances
NATO
 - North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Members
 U.S., Canada, G.B., France, Italy, Portugal,
Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Denmark,
Norway, Iceland, Greece, Turkey, Spain,
Germany, Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic
 Agreement
 Mutual defense pact – an armed attack against
one is considered an attack against all


Rio Pact
Members
 U.S., Canada, 32 Latin American nations

Agreement
 Mutual defense pact and agreement to seek
peaceful settlements of all disputes among
member nations

ANZUS
 - What does it stand for?

Membership
 Australia, New Zealand, U.S.



Agreement
Regional security alliance, ensure collective
security in Pacific region

Japanese Pact


Members
Japan, U.S.
Agreement
 In return for American protection, Japan agrees
to allow the United States to maintain land, sea,
and air forces in Japan


Philippines Pact


Members
Philippines, U.S.
Agreement
 Continuing American military presence in the
Philippines to guarantee Philippine independence

Korean Pact

Members
 South Korea, U.S.

Agreement
 U.S. agrees to aid South Korea in the
event of an invasion

United Nations Organizations

General Assembly of Justice

Debates issues, makes recommendations
to Security Council and other bodies,
elects officials, proposes amendments to
charter, shares power to – admit, expel or
suspend members

Security Council
Responsible for keeping the peace –
through economic or military sanctions


Economic and Social Council

Carries out the UN’s economic, cultural,
educational and health programs

International Court of Justice

Decide cases voluntarily brought to it

Secretariat

Administrative chores – can bring matters
before the Security Council
Terms


Foreign Aid
- economic assistance that the U.S. gives to
other countries


Regional Security Alliance
- example – Rio Pact


UN Security Council
- nonpermanent members – 2 year terms –
elected by the General Assembly
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