Backing up Restoring PTF `s Program temporary fixes

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Chapter 7
Backing up
Restoring
PTF ‘s Program temporary fixes
LICPGM
IPL initial program load
L10Ch7ops400.ppt
1
Assistance Levels
• Determines how much information is
displayed and how it is formatted.
• Basic, Intermediate, Advanced, default on
USRPRF
• Page 20, 81-91 in text.
• Try it out for yourself using the WRKSPLF
command and function key F21
2
AS/400 finds Objects
Note: Library Descriptions, Device Descriptions and
User Profiles are systems objects and thus stored
in QSYS.
All other Object Types can be stored anywhere else
Except for a ?????????.
3
Security on the AS/400
• EDiT OBJect AUThority command
• See pages 22-25, 31-36 for more Details
• Need authority to the Library and then to
the object
4
For some System specific values
use
DSPSYSVALwith
QMODEL
QSRLNBR
ETC.
5
WHY ?
BACKUP
6
Backups and Restores
• Data may be lost for a variety of reasons
and therefore you should be prepared (if
necessary) to:
– restore the entire system
– restore security data, configuration objects,
licensed programs libraries
– restore any library or any object
– restore any or all members of a file
7
Disaster Planning
• A disaster plan should be well thought out and
well documented.
• A typical BACKUP plan might be to do full
backups once per week and only backup
changes on a daily basis.
• A RESTORE plan for this scenario would
involve
Step 1: restoring from the full backup
Step 2: restoring from each of the changes
backup to the time period desired.
8
Disaster Planning cont’d
BACKUP
– Tape or Savefile
– All or Changes Only
– Can be done while people are working
RESTORE
– Restore the most recent ALL backups of all libraries
– Restore all of the CHANGES ONLY backups since the
last ALL backup
REBOOT - IPL
9
When to back up?
Break the procedure up into manageable and practical lots
and based on realistic and secure implementation.
System
-
when it changes
new release
PTF’s
Configuration -
-when it changes
devices added
network changed
Libraries -
when updates received
IBM licensed products
Security data -
new users / reassignments
user profiles
authorizations
OBJECTS
- SAVCHGOBJ
DAILY when changed
10
Create
A
BACKUP plan
For
Daily
Weekly
Monthly
Quarterly
requirements
A dependable backup plan MUST ensure that EVERY object and category
of object has been and is saved on a regular basis.
11
BACKUP MEDIA
TAPE - DISKETTE - SAVF
Before use initialize
INZTAP - INZDKT
To see the contents
DSPTAP - DSPDKT - DSPSAVF
or use the menu’s
GO TAPE - GO DISKETTE - GO SAVE
12
Saving Data (backups)
• Go Save (menu)
• Data can be saved to tape, diskette or a
savefile.
• Commands: savsys, savlib, savsecdta,
savobj, savchgobj, inztap, inzdkt
– SAVSYS saves QSYS, licensed programs,
security data, configuration objects
– inztap and inzdkt are like the DOS “format”
command
13
Some Save Commands
•SAVSTG
- saves every object on the system
•SAVSYS
- saves LIC, OS, and all security data
•SAVSECDAT - saves all security data e.g USRPRF AUTL
•SAVDLO
- saves Document Library Objects
•SAVLIB
- saves “named” libraries
•SAVCFG
- save configuration (devices / lines / controllers +
•SAVCHGOBJ - saves objects changed since last save function
•SAV
- can save the entire system - recommended for IFS only
•Integrated File System
14
GRAND FATHER - FATHER - SON
3, 1, 2, 3
2
1
Or one for every day of the week
m
tu
w
th
fr
sa
su
15
It is best to run backup with *SAVSYS authority
For saving *SAVF files to tape you use the
SAVSAVFDTA command
A *SAVF must first be created using the
CRTSAVF command before it can be used
You can think of this as setting a part of the
DASD (direct access storage device) aside and “initializing it”
You can save any object to a save file. E.g. libraries, data files (generic grouping etc
16
Reclaim storage
RCLSTG recovers all space in use by “FREE” objects
objects with no library reference or not owned by ANY user
! TIME !
Clean up
Remove objects that are no longer required
Clear
libraries - CLRLIB
large dormant files - CLRPF
leaves structures untouched
17
Preparatory Steps for a backup
Initialize the media
do cleanup tasks
reclaim storage
GO ASSIST or GO SETUP
BACKUP tasks
set up automatic scheduling
! *SAVSYS, Restrict access, notify everybody ‘SNDBRKMSG’
ENDSBS except QCTL
run the backup
18
Restoring Data
• Restore commands use saved data from
backups to replace damaged or deleted
objects.
• GO RESTORE - GO CMDSAV
• Commands: RSTLIB, RSTOBJ,
RSTCFG, RSTUSRPRF, RSTAUT
19
Corresponding Save/Restore Commands
Save Command Used
Restore command to Use
SAVSYS
RSTOBJ
RSTUSRPRF, RSTAUT
RSTCFG
SAVSECDTA
RSTUSRPRF, RSTAUT
SAVLIB
RSTLIB
SAVOBJ
RSTOBJ
SAVCHGOBJ
RSTOBJ
20
Menu functions
GO
CLEANUP - SCHEDULE, CHANGE , START CLEAN UP TASKS
BACKUP - RUN, DISPLAY STATUS, SET UP, INZ???
SETUP
- CHANGE REQUIREMENTS, daily, weekly, monthly
schedule changes
ASSIST
- option 11 , 5
21
Security on the AS/400
•
•
•
•
EDiT OBJect AUThority command
WRKOBJ option 2 edit authority
See Chapter 9 for more Details
Need authority to the Library and to the
object
22
Care & Maintenance of your
AS/400
• Reboot! - IPL
23
Care & Maintenance of Your
AS/400
• BACKUP
– Tape or Savefile
– All or Changes Only
– Can be done while people are working
24
Care & Maintenance of your
AS/400
• RECOVERY
– Restore the most recent ALL backups of all
libraries
– Restore all of the CHANGES ONLY backups
since the last ALL backup
25
Why do we IPL on the AS/400?
•
•
•
•
•
Reclaim Space
Reorganize object pointers
Restore lost or damaged data
activate device configurations
implement PTF’s
System values that influence the type/mode of IPL’s being done
QIPLSTS , QIPLTYPE
26
PTF ‘s
Program temporary fixes
in between major operating system upgrades several temporary fixes or small
upgrades can be released and accommodated this way.
CUM ‘s PTF ‘s
cumulative
HIPER PTF ‘s
Hi-Impact and pervasive
Follow the accompanying documentation to install any PTF
Can be made permanent, some must be, but in general not recommended because
they can not be reversed when applied permanently
VERY HARDWARE MODEL DEPENDEND
27
Operating System Upgrades &
PTFs
• Operating System Upgrade Every Year
– Currently at Version 5 Release 2
• PTFs applied every month
– Program Temporary Fixes: patches that are
temporary until the next release of the operating
system
28
GO PTF
PTF
Program Temporary Fix
System: ODIN
Select one of the following:
1. Load a program temporary fix
2. Apply a program temporary fix
3. Copy a program temporary fix
4. Remove a program temporary fix
5. Display a program temporary fix
6. Order a program temporary fix
7. Install a program temporary fix from a list
8. Install program temporary fix package
29
GO LICPGM
LICPGM
to verify the status and level of PTF ‘s installed
Work with Licensed Programs
Manual Install
1. Install all
Secondary Languages
20. Display installed secondary languages
21. Install secondary languages
22. Delete secondary languages
Preparation
5. Prepare for install
Redistribution
40. Create a distribution tape
Licensed Programs
10. Display installed licensed programs
11. Install licensed programs
12. Delete licensed programs
13. Save licensed programs
Completion Status
50. Display log for messages
Select one of the following:
Related Commands
70. Save and restore commands
71. Program temporary fix commands
72. Licensed commands
30
Please read additional Save/Restore
notes from
“Handouts and Discussion papers”
on my web site OPS400
31
The END
32
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