Early Medieval Europe 500 ce to 1100 ce

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Early Medieval - 1
Anglo Saxon/Celtic 5th-9th
Sutton Hoo purse cover 630
Cloisonné
Tipperary Cross 8th
Book of Durrow 7th
Book of Kells 9th
Tetramorph
Viking 800-1000
Thor, Odin, Frigg, Valhalla
Oseberg Ship Burial & post 9th
Rune stones 9th
Jelling Stone 10th
Early Medieval 2
Carolingian 8th-9th
Charlemagne
Roland
Aachen, Palace Chapel 9th
Odo of Metz
monasticism
St. Gall, Monastery 9th,
Coronation Gospels 8th
Ebbo Gospels 9th
Linadau Gospels Book cover
Tetra morphs
Ottonian 10-11th
St. Michaels of Hildesheim 1015
Alternating support system
westwork
Bishop Bernward, Bronze doors
Gero Crucifix, Hitda Gospels
Gospel Book Otto III c. 1000
Early
Medieval
Europe
500ce - 1100ce
Celtic
Spain
Italy
Carolingian
Ottonian
King Arthur and the Knights of the Roundtable
Beowulf !
epic 9th in Old English
Celtic & Saxon
Frankish Fibula
5-7th century
silver gilt
Gummersmark Brooch
Denmark 6th century
silver gilt
height 5.75 “
MAP OF MEDIEVAL ENGLAND
Purse cover
Sutton Hoo burial ship c.61530
length 8”
Detail of millefiore
→
cloisonné
Sutton Hoo
cloisonné
St. Patrick’s Bell Reliquary
Celtic Bookcover, bronze, 8th century, 8”
Tipperary Cross 8th century
Muiredach
cross
10th century
The illuminated page
codex
folio
parchment or vellum
Skellig Michael
Book of Durrow “carpet pages”
7th century
Mark’s Gospel, Durrow 8th
Matthew, Durrow
The Book of Kells 760-820
XPI
Chi Rho Iota
details
Tunc Crucifix and XPI, Kells
Both XPI
details
details
THE GERONA BEATUS
Spain, 975 ce
•Illuminator : ENDE
•scribe: EMERITIUS
Scandinavia:
The Vikings
DenmarkSweden
c. 600 AD
Burial ship c. 815 – 20
Oseberg, Norway
wood
length : 75 ½ ‘
Animal Post c. 815 – 20
Oseberg, Norway
wood
The RÖk Stone, Sweden
runes
th
9
Dynna Stone 9-10th
Gunnv�r, �XX?’s daughter,
made a bridge
in memory of her daughter xx?
She was the most skilful girl
in Ha�aland
a picture stone
Warrior Entering Valhalla,
Gotland
Sweden
8-9th century
(repainted)
Jelling Stone 10th century
Jelling Stone, reverse
Urnes
“animal style”
11th century wood carving
on Christian Church
CAROLINGIAN EMPIRE 8-9TH
Charlemagne 8-9th centuries
B O O K S
• Charlemagne ordered simple, uniform, legible Latin script
• Majuscules
or CAPITALS
were used for very formal text
• Minuscules or lower case were used for everyday writings
• Easy to read but no punctuation marks or spaces between words
Charlemagne
9th century left, 14th century right
Charlemagne & the Song of Roland
Chartres Cathedral, 12th century
interior
Aachen, Palace Chapel
of Charlemagne
By Odo of Metz
805 ce
Ravenna 6th
Charlemagne chapel
- Aachen 9th
Charl
emag
ne
chapel
A page with Mark the
Evangelist
Book of Mark
Godescalc Evangelistary (781 – 83)
ink and colours on valium
12 ½ “ x 8 ½ “
Monastery of St. Gall, Switzerland, 9th century
A page with Mark the
Evangelist
Book of Mark
Godescalc Evangelistary (781 – 83)
ink and colours on valium
12 ½ “ x 8 ½ “
B O O K S
• Charlemagne ordered simple, uniform, legible Latin script
• Majuscules
or CAPITALS
were used for very formal text
• Minuscules or lower case were used for everyday writings
• Easy to read but no punctuation marks or spaces between words
Carolingian Script
Coronation Gospels 810, Matthew & John
Book of Mark
Godescalc Evangelistary (781 – 83)
ink and colours on valium
12 ½ “ x 8 ½ “
Ebbo verses Coronation 9th
Book of Matthew
Ebbo Gospels
35
c.816 –
I
nk, gold & colours on vellum 10
¼“x8¾“
a page with Matthew the
Evangelist
Book of Matthew
Ebbo Gospels
35
c.816 –
I
gold & on vellum 10 “ x 8 “
Crucifixion with Angels
and Mourning Figures,
Outer Cover of the Lindau Gospels,
870-80
gold, pearls & gems
c.
Ottonian
Europe
Ottonian
Europe
10-early 11th centuries
Henry I
Otto I
Otto II
Otto III
Henry II
Otto I Presenting Magdeburg Cathedral to Christ c.962 - 73
Christ, Saints, Otto I , ivory, 5x4”
1 of 19
ivory 5 x 4“
Otto 11 & Theophana
Otto II 973-83 -- Otto II Marries Theophana,
Byzantine princess
Otto 111 – Gospel Book of Otto 111 c. 1000
Church of St, Michael’s of
Hildesheim c. 1001-1031
WESTWORK
(façade)
Germany
begun 961
consecrated 973
apse
westwork
Alternating support system
Church of
Cyriakus,
961
Alternating
Support
System
Doors of Bishop Bernward 1015
Bronze Doors,
St, Michael’s of Hildesheim c. 1015
16’
Bishop Bernward
16’
Abbey Church of St. Michael,
Layout of door
Detail of doors:
Adam and Eve
Detail of doors:
Adam and Eve
Detail of doors:
Adam and Eve
Doors of Bishop Bernward 1015
Abbey Church of St. Michael,
Hildesheim, Germany
Bronze
height 16 ½ ‘
Gospels of Otto III
on vellum
ink & color
8x6
Gospel of Otto III
c. 1000, 13 x 9”
St. Luke, Gospel Book Otto III
Hilda Gospels
early 11th century
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