figurative language definitions and examples

Personification- a kind of metaphor that gives objects or abstract ideas human
• The sun smiled at the girl.
• The warm, fragrant breeze sang the girl to sleep.
• The ball bounced playfully away.
Imagery- a descriptive or figurative language used to create word pictures;
imagery is created by details that appeal to one or more of the five senses.
• The eerie silence was shattered by her scream.
• He could hear the footsteps of doom nearing.
• The giant tree was ablaze with the orange, red, and yellow leaves that were
beginning to make their decent to the ground.
Simile- a comparison between two unlike things, using the words like or as
• He fumed and charged like an angry bull.
• He fell down like an old tree falling down in a storm.
• Her blue eyes were as bright as the Sun, blue as the sky, but soft as silk.
Idiom- a form of figurative language where the meaning of the
phrase cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that
make it up
• She let the cat out of the bag.
• Put your thinking caps on.
• He was on thin ice.
Hyperbole-an expression of exaggeration that authors use to make
characters or situations much bigger or smaller than they are really
• That man was as big as a house!
• My homework is going to take me a million years to finish.
• It is so cold that my boogers are turning into icicles!