05 - PowerPoint Slides

Media and Public Relations
Welcome to the Media Relations
and Advertising workshop. In
this workshop, you will get
knowledge you need to manage
effectively your image and value
by forming solid networks
through strategic
communication planning.
The public is the
only critic whose
opinion is worth
anything at all.
Mark Twain
Module Two:
Dressing for Success
Understanding what is communicated through the clothes
you wear will help you develop a wardrobe that will enhance
your networking and public relations goals. In this module,
you will learn the following:
The meaning of colors
Interpreting common dress codes
Deciding what to wear
Dressing is
a way of
Yves Saint
The Meaning of Colors
Red = action, courage, vitality and confidence
Brown = order and convention
Green = life and well being
Blue = youth and peace
White = cleanliness
Black = stability
Gray = security and maturity
Interpreting Common
Dress Codes
Business casual is more formal and is similar to appropriate attire but without
T-shirts of any kind. Khakis and polo shirts are the most common garments
worn in a business casual environment.
Business professional is more stringent and may be the most common dress
codes for networking events in the business world.
Deciding What to Wear
Place- determine where the event will be held. If it is at a fancy restaurant,
then you know that business causal or professional is more where you
should begin.
Environment- the environment is also a helpful indicator on what to wear.
If the event is outdoors on a boat, beach, or golf course, then this could be
less formal or require special clothes.
Attendees- who will be attending is another helpful indicator on what to
Reason- the reason for the function is also a key indicator of what to wear.
Module Three: Writing
Great written communication will help you demonstrate your
value and ability to convey ideas. In this module, you will
learn the basic structure of the following types of written
Business letters
Executive summaries
Sponsors will want to see a written plan for your event or
Easy reading
is damn hard
Business Letters
• Letterhead or return address
• Date- type this two to six lines below the letterhead/return
• Inside address- this is the address of the recipient. The first
line should include the recipient’s name. This is then followed
by their address.
• Salutation- if you know the person’s name use Mr., Mrs., or
Ms., and their last name only. Remember if you are writing to
a doctor, use Dr.
• The body of the letter- try keeping this brief and specific.
Business letters should not be too long.
• Complimentary close- there are many ways to close your
letter. To make it simple, use “Sincerely”.
• Signature block- after you complimentary close, add three
spaces and then type your full name.
Writing Proposals
Summary: this is a brief and concise statement of your request along,
including information about yourself, your overall plan, what you need in
terms of resources and money.
Introduction: History, Accomplishments, Company background
Problem/Need Statement: state the specific problem or need. Explain how
your proposal will correct or meet that need. Use data as applicable.
Objectives should be derived from you problem or need statement.
Methods: tell specifically what you plan to do. Why you want to do it and
how you plan to resource your project with people.
Evaluation: discuss how you plan to measure success.
Funding needs: provide a cost/benefit statement. Also, if possible, provide
how the project will bring a return on the investment.
Budget: provide a summary of how you plan to use the funds.
Title section: this could be a title page or it includes a table of contents if
the report is lengthy.
Summary: this section should contain a concise description of the main
points, conclusions, and recommendations.
Introduction: in this section, you should provide the background of the
situation or problem and demonstrate to your target audience the
importance of this report.
Main body: this portion of the report may contain several sections with
Conclusion: your conclusion should be logical and should strive to pull
the investigation together.
Recommendations: provide a suggestion. Make a clear and determined
statement in plain English.
Appendices: in this area, you will put your technical data that supports
your report. The language here can be very technical.
Executive Summaries
Here are some recommendations the style of your
executive summary:
• Be succinct
• Use a very structured format for the layout of
your summary
• Design your summary so it can be placed onto a
slide for presenting
• The reference page should always begin on a
new page
Module Four:
Media Relations
Managing media relations is another
facet to networking. In this module, you
will learn how to leverage the following
type of media:
Web, blogs and the Internet
doesn’t make
stars. It’s the
written media,
the press, that
makes stars.
Chevy Chase
Advertising vs. Public Relations
The basic difference between advertising and public relations is cost and
credibility. Advertising costs money and people are not as fast to trust it.
Public relations, on the other hand, seems authentic to people because it is not
possible to simply purchase media coverage. Getting television coverage is not
as easy as getting coverage in print or online.
The Target Audience
Always keep your target audience in mind. Your target audience
represents the group of people you seek to reach with your
For the United States Junior Chamber, the target audience is
young, active citizens ages 18 to 40 who will respond well to a
mission centered on positive change. Always keep these
individuals in mind. Delivering a message in a way that skips this
group or reaches a lot of people outside that description will be
Print media typically can vary in cost greatly. However, because it exists as
a physical product, it can be given from one viewer to another easily. It is
easier to hand someone a magazine than to get them to click on a link.
Print media allows you the ability to select where you want your message
to appear geographically.
Also provides flexibility in the size or space of the advertisement.
Can be expensive. Getting coverage in an article will be more affordably
and credible than paying for space.
If you do purchase an ad, consider hiring a professional. People will judge
your organization based on the quality of your design.
Buying Advertisements for the Contact
Most advertising packages include a list of leads or subscribers. As an
advertiser you have the ability to further reach out to the subscribers
through e-mail blasts or newsletters.
The advertisement will not do all the work itself. If you decide to purchase
a print advertisement be sure to create a communications plan to ensure
you reach people in meaningful ways. Pay special attention to the e-mail
subject because that helps determine if people will open it.
Also remember that it is less expensive and more effective to be featured
in an article because people do not trust advertisements.
Web Presence
Blogs & the Internet
Hosting companies usually offer a basic package with you Web site that includes a
blogging application.
Setting up your blog would take a few steps and your Web hosting company would
provide the instructions.
You need to practice using the blogging application, but once you gain the
understanding, you will be writing content in no time. If you have the budget, you may
hire a writer to help you update your blog.
Leaving comments and contributing to discussions on other blogs and social media will
drive traffic to your site.
Television 2.0
Youtube offers many advantages in today’s market. Creating a youtube
channel for your local organization will allow you to share videos
affordably and discover what content moves people.
If people share your youtube videos on facebook, you’ve struck gold.
Module Five: Issues and Crisis
Communication Planning
Face the crisis head on. Trying to hide it will only make it
worse. In fact, how you handle a crisis can be even
more powerful than the crisis itself.
Having a plan before a crisis occurs will help you take
better control of the situation and project confidence to
your audience.
A crisis is an
riding the
In this module, you will learn the
Gauging the crisis level
Provide feedback and insight
How information will be distributed
Track overall effect
Gauging the Impending Crisis Level
What happened?
Why did it happen?
Who is impacted?
What are the ramifications?
Who is liable?
Providing Feedback and Insights
Research and gather as much information about the crisis as
possible. Try to find similar situations that you can draw
parallels from and determine how they apply to the current
Understanding of all parties involved is necessary. Try to see
all points of view so you can provide unbiased feedback and
insight. If you are clearly favor one side, you will find it difficult
to connect with all parties involved.
Neutral point-of-view is necessary. When giving your
thoughts and insight about a crisis, providing a neutral point-ofview is necessary if you want your message to be heard. Avoid
blaming others. Avoid speculation and know your limits.
How Your Response Will be
• Party to contact
• How should they be contacted (ex. email,
letter, phone or in person)
• What should be communicated
• When should they be communicated
• Who is responsible or owner for
communicating to that party
• The date this party was actually contacted
Tracking the Overall Effect of Bad
How the data was found
Name of the source
What was said
Popularity of the source
How does this affect your organization
Can you respond to the source
Module Six: Social Media
(The PR Toolkit)
Social media is a powerful tool that can increase the
scope of your network greatly. Understanding the
various types of social media outlets will help you
formulate a strategy that can employ one or more of
these tools. In this module, you will learn about the
following social media tools:
• Blogs
• Wikis
• Podcasts
• Social bookmarks
• RSS feeds
networking sites
like MySpace,
Friendster and
Facebook have
literally exploded
in popularity in
just a few short
Mike Fitzpatrick
• A blog is short for a weblog, which is a
journal made available on the World Wide
• Blogging is the activity of updating the blog.
• The journal is in chronological order and the
blog could contain pictures and other media
for sharing.
A wiki is a database that contains pages that a visitor can edit.
The comments on a wiki build the page. It is a system of sharing an
adapting the page as the comments are entered.
Usually there is a moderator to a wiki.
They approve the comments before they are added to the page.
Podcasts are audio or video files that are meant to be viewed on your
computer or downloaded onto a portable device.
If you are able to create videos or audio files and make them
downloadable files, then you can create podcasts.
Social Bookmarks
Many times, you may want to share great
information found on Websites you encounter
throughout your life.
Social bookmarking is a way for you to organize
these links onto a Webpage and share it with others.
The social bookmarking system allows you to save
links to web pages for sharing with others.
These bookmarking pages can be public or private.
RSS Feeds
A Really Simple Syndication or RSS is a feed that
transmits updates from subscribed Websites.
This is a useful tool when a Website is constantly
Websites that offer this feature usually has the RSS
symbol that when clicked adds it to your web browser
as a feed.
For networking, you should add this feature to your web
pages and blogs.
Make it Easy for People to Help
Create a sample Twitter feed about your events and send it to likeminded organizations so they can spread the word to their
Search for websites that will allow you write and schedule your
tweets at once so you can create your tweets in one sitting.
Use #hashtags to let external audiences know what your
organization is about. If sharing success raising money for Nothing
but Nets, mention #nothingbutnets in your tweet to get more
Module Seven: Member
works for those
who work at it.
John Powell
In this module, you will learn the
following topics on employee
Verbal communication
Non-verbal communication
Email etiquette
Negotiation skills
Making an impact
Verbal Communication
Verbal communication is the art of being able to say something with
the least words possible.
The listener retains about 10 percent of what you say.
Keeping your verbal communication short and simple makes you a
better verbal communicator.
Non-Verbal Communication Skills
(Body Language)
Distance—the amount of space between
people could indicate attraction, conflict or
Orientation—how people place themselves
indicates their attitude towards the other person.
Posture—how a person carries himself or
herself is another indicator of their attitude.
Physical contact—behaviors like shaking
hands demonstrates a willingness to engage the
person. Avoiding any contact could be
interpreted as apprehension.
Email Etiquette
Avoid using email to write a long letter. Most people will not read the entire
email if they have to scroll through it.
Avoid getting straight to the point to your email. Do not forget to be polite
and use common courtesies.
Do not use shorthand or text messaging abbreviations in your emails.
Make sure to use spell check and that you use proper grammar in your
emails. Remember your written communication speaks volumes about
Remember to say please and thank you.
If you are contacting someone who is unfamiliar to you, avoid using his or
her first name. Instead, use Mr., Mrs., etc.
Never type your email in all capital letters. This is seen as screaming and
is difficult to read.
Making an Impact
Be a listener.
Be a networker that networks both up and down.
Be a seeker of feedback.
Be ever enthusiastic about other people.
Module Eight: Wrapping Up
Although this workshop is ending, we hope that your journey
to improve your Networking, Media, and Public Relations
skills is just beginning. Please take a moment to review and
update your action plan. This will be a key tool to guide your
progress in the days, weeks, months, and years to come. We
wish you the best of luck on the rest of your travels!
comes, but
Alfred Lord
Words from the Wise
Bob Burg: The successful networkers I know, the ones receiving tons
of referrals and feeling truly happy about themselves, continually put
the other person’s needs ahead of their own.
Johan Arndt: Informal conversation is probably the oldest mechanism
by which opinions on products and brands are developed, expressed,
and spread.
Aldous Huxley: Experience is not what happens to a man; it is what a
man does with what happens to him.