ENGLISH 105 – MEETING 3 Chpt 4, Chpt 20, Readings, Writing the Rough Draft of your Narrative paper. CHAPTER 4, PG 81 (NEW), 70 (OLD) What is the difference between a lead-in and a thesis? How to Write a Good Lead-In Get a partner Draw a # from Mrs. T (1 per partner group) Discuss your # (pgs 82-84) for 5 minutes Explain your # to the class AVOID ERRORS IN LEAD-INS Make sure your lead-in introduces your thesis Keep your lead-in brief Don’t begin with an apology or complaint Don’t assume your audience already knows your subject matter Stay clear of overused lead-ins (dictionary definitions anyone?!) GOOD LEAD-INS Go to http://ttosspon.wikispaces.com/Sample_Essays Spend a few minutes reading these online essays What kinds of lead-ins do you see? Can you find the thesis sentence? What is the topic? Think about it! Write down the title and the type of lead-in it has, and then talk with a partner about it. HOW TO WRITE A GOOD CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. A Summary of the thesis and the essay’s major points (most useful in LONG essays) An evaluation of the importance of the essay’s subject A statement of the essay’s broader implications A recommendation or call to action A warning based on the essay’s thesis A quotation from an authority An anecdote/brief example that emphasizes/sums up CONCLUSIONS (CONT.) 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. An image or description that lends finality A rhetorical question A forecast An ironic twist/witticism/pun/playful use of words Return to the technique used in your lead in A CONCISE GUIDE TO PUNCTUATION: PG 573 (NEW), PG 545 (OLD) Punctuation does not exist to make your life complicated. Now, look at the difference punctuation makes! Has the tiger been fed Bill? Has the tiger been fed, Bill? "Woman, without her man, is nothing" "Woman: without her, man is nothing" THE PERIOD Use it to end a statement. Use it to end a command or request. Use it after initials and abbreviations Only one period is necessary if the sentence ends with an abbreviation: The elephant was delivered C.O.D. QUESTION MARK ? Use it after every direct question NO question mark is necessary if question is indirect EXCLAMATION POINT ! Follows words or phrases or sentences that show strong feeling. THE DREADED COMMA! 1. Separates 2 independent clauses (basically 2 complete sentences) that are combined with a conjunction (FANBOYS- for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) 2. 3. 4. 5. Do NOT join 2 sentences using ONLY a comma. Look out for “however”. It is NOT a FANBOY and cannot join 2 sentences together. Sets off an introductory phrase Sets off nonessential phrases/clauses To show continuity when using conjunctive adverbs such as however, moreover, thus Separate a series of words THE DREADED COMMA - CONTINUED 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Separate adjectives of equal emphasis Set off a direct address Set off items in addresses and dates Set off a degree or title following a name Set off dialogue from the speaker Set off “yes” and “no” and other weak exclamations. Set off interrupters and other parentheticals NOT to be used lightly, but when you need to take a breath (read it aloud and try it out!) and when you need it to make sense. PRACTICE WHAT YOU’VE LEARNED Comma Errors – 551 (old), 579 (new) – B. Study the comma rules 5-13… Correct any comma errors you see in the following sentences. 1. 1.Yes Yes, Hortense Hortense, in in thethe 1920’s 1920s young young women women diddid indeed indeed cut cut their their hair hair, raise raise their their hemlines hemlines, dabdab perfume perfume behind behind their their knees knees, and and dance dance thethe Charleston. Charleston. PRACTICE – B PG 551-552 (OLD), 579-580 (NEW) 2. 2.In In1873 1873,Cornell CornellUniversity Universitycancelled cancelledthe theschool’s first intercollgiate footballfootball game with school’s first intercollgiate gameMichigan with when thewhen president announced “I will not“Ipermit Michigan the president announced, will 30permit men to30 travel miles 400 merely to merely agitate to a not men400 to travel miles bag of awind.” agitate bag of wind.” 3. Jan Jan,Marian Marian,Donna Donna, Ann, and Cissy graduated Ann and Cissy graduated from high school onon June 5, 51964, from high school June 1964in inTexarkana, Texarkana Texas, Texasininthe theold oldWalnut WalnutStreet StreetAuditorium Auditorium 4. said Henry Henry,“but 4.“I “Imay may be beaaman manof offew fewopinions,” opinions” said “but I insist that I am neither against I insist that I am neither forfor nornor against apathy.” apathy.” PRACTICE WHAT YOU’VE LEARNED 5. Did you know, know for forinstance instance,that thatearly earlyAmerican American settlers settlers once once thought thought the the tomato tomato was was soso poisonous poisonous they they used used the the plant plant only only forfor decoration? decoration? Homework: due next week – written out on separate paper Comma Errors – 551 (old), 579 (new) . A 1-5 SEMICOLON (;) 1. 2. 3. Use to link 2 closely related sentences/ independent clauses Use to avoid a comma splice when connecting 2 independent clauses with however, moreover, thus, etc. Use between a items in a series that already have a comma. PRACTICE WHAT YOU’VE LEARNED Homework Semicolon Errors #1-5 – 553-554 (old), 581-582 (new) – RESPONSE TO LITERATURE “…MANZANAR” OR “..TALKIES” Choose one of the activities listed to respond to the story you read for this week. Do it on a separate piece of paper (turn it in), alone/with a partner/in a small group (3-4 people) (1 turn-in per group with ALL names on it). Draw a symbol or picture that represents the story (the more detailed the better) Write a script of an interview of the narrator/main character for a news broadcast (can be during or after the experience mentioned). Write a response letter from another character’s perspective For “Manzanar” only: Research the Japanese internment in America and report to the class. PROFESSIONALIZING OUR WRITING Words to avoid Look at the list of words provided. Read why each one is not desirable. Brainstorm! Come up with some synonyms for these words so that we can avoid using them! WRITING YOUR NARRATIVE Paper assignment: take your outline and WRITE your story. MUST be in the MLA format (titles, headings, pgs) (if you are citing sources, we will learn how to do so in the coming weeks, but you may see a sample in Chpt 14 (Old book pg 392 sample on pg 409. New book pg 402 sample essay on pg 422) HOMEWORK Narrative Essay Punctuation: due next week – written out on separate paper 1st draft DUE at the beginning of NEXT MEETING (50 points) – bring 2 copies (0 points will be awarded if we begin class and you do not have a 2 copies of a completed draft) Comma Errors – 551 (old), 579 (new) . A 1-5 Semicolon Errors #1-5: 553-554 (old), 581-582 (new) Choose a book to read for this class; You will propose the book (and WHY you would like to read it) to me next week. You can get one from your local library, buy it online @ Amazon, borrow it from a friend. It MUST be a book you have not read before.