Day 1 Definitions

advertisement
Some quick definitions
Day 1
Input
• Input, in listening, is the sound wave that
reaches your ear.
• Input can generally be any kind of stimulus:
audio, video, pictures, touch, sound, smell,
etc…
• Modified input or selective input is what we
tend to use in our classes.
Phoneme
• Phoneme refers to the smallest, basic unit of
speech.
• These are what you are most used to seeing in
pronunciation guides /k/, /l/, /r/…
Decode/Decoding
• Decoding is the process of receiving,
recognizing, and organizing language.
• In listening, this means collection of the
sounds into syllables, words, phrases,
sentences, etc.
Meaning-Building
• Meaning-Building refers to the process of
taking that which is recognized and applying
meaning to it based on our personal
understandings of the text, topic, and world
around us.
• This is what you use schema for…for the most
part.
Top-Down
• This is the process of teaching/listening that
relies on using what you understand of the
world to understand the text.
Bottom-Up
• This is the process of teaching/listening that
uses your knowledge of language units to
come to an understanding of a text.
Back Channel
• Back Channel is the use of extra-linguistic
methods to signal/provide feedback to the
speaker.
• Head nods, Uh huh, Yeh, Ok….
Download
Related flashcards

Video game consoles

47 cards

Electronics

23 cards

Electronic circuits

13 cards

Mobile computers

37 cards

Television technology

33 cards

Create Flashcards