The French and Indian War Reasons for the Revolution The French and Indian War The French began to move into the Ohio Valley in 1753 The British reacted in Virginia by sending George Washington to establish a Fort at the present day location of Pittsburg Pennsylvania. The French however arrived first and Washington could not drive them out. Washington and his men kill a French diplomat in a skirmish. This started the war. British Militia Officer George Washington Fort Necessity: Washington Surrendered to the French. The French and Indian War had begun. The Battle of for Fort Duquesne Phase II Regular British General Officer Braddock is given command with orders to take Fort Duquesne. George Washington serves as guide for the army. Washington advises caution against Indian attack. Braddock ignores him and is killed. Washington and the army retreat back to Virginia. The Death of General Braddock The French Win Many Battles Early on in the War Fort William and Henry is an example of early French domination on the battlefield. North American Indians Fight Native Americans take sides in the conflict. The Iroquois fight for the British. The Algonquin and Huron for the French. Most Indian tribes choose the French because they are less likely to take their land. Bloody Hand to Hand Combat A New British Prime Minister is Chosen William Pitt is voted in as new PM. He chooses to send his best Generals to fight in North America instead of protecting Gr. Br. or going to protect other parts of the Empire. It is a risky plan. It is a successful plan. The Critical Battle is Fought The Battle for Quebec is fought. The French are Command by General Montcalm. The British are commanded by General Wolfe . The Plains of Abraham The British sail up the St. Lawrence. The British surprise the French. They climb the steep slopes outside of Quebec thought to be impossible. The British are Victorious They defeat the forces of the French Both commanding Generals are killed; Montcalm – French Wolfe - British The British Win the War By conquering Montreal and Quebec the British control the St. Lawrence Seaway. The French cannot re - supply their forts in North America. The French are forced to surrender. The Treaty of Paris Diplomats from both sides meet in Paris to sign a peace treaty. Britain receives the land from the Mississippi River to the Appalachian Mountains. It is one of the largest land exchanges in history. New British Land Land received by the British in the French and Indian War in what would later become part of the United States. Problems Created by the French and Indian War A huge debt for the British to pay for the war. The British borrowed this debt to pay to protect her colonies. Ben Franklin organized the Albany Congress; It was the first time 12 colonies considered organizing together. Planned defenses against the French (Colonial Militias). Colonies reject plan; afraid to lose power Problems Created by the French and Indian War Colonists move into the Ohio Valley Movement results in Indian War Ottawa Indians attack British intervene and defeat Chief Pontiac Proclamation of 1763 Colonists in Ohio Valley forced to leave Colonists not allowed across Appalachians Problems Created by the French and Indian War British must raise money for debt. Parliament levies Sugar Act; First direct tax on colonies Upsets Colonists Colonists protest, boycott, and smuggle illegal rum Sugar Act fails and is revoked Slowly the American Colonies move away from Great Britain over taxes.