CH 27 P1 Insights
• Goal Questions
1.Evaluate if you feel the US was correct in
taking over Hawaii and offer two pieces of
evident to support your judgment.
2.Explain how Americans were duped into
going to war against Spain by providing two
pieces of evidence.
3.Analyze if America was correct in keeping
colonies if won from Spain. Gives two
reasons to support your answer
Ch 27 Insights P1
ID- The Imperial Menu (627)
Summary 1- Identify the four
nations on the menu.
-Cuba, Puerto Rico,
Philippine Is, Sandwich Is
Summary 2- Why do you
feel Uncle Sam/USA is
gleefully eyeing these
Uncle Sam wants to take
them over
• OI- America turns outward (ID
how each of these motivated
American imperialism)
• 1) “Yellow Journalism/Press”
– Sensational stories that enraged
Americans to want to go to war
• 2) Darwinism
– Survival of the fittest (the stronger
country is the result of evolution
and deserves to take over
countries with “inferior’ people
• 3) Alfred Mahan
– New Navy- US needs to build
steel steam ships (US Navy ranks
3rd in world by 1900)
– Coaling Stations- US needs to
have pit stops to cross Pacific,
take over islands
• ID- Queen Liliuokalani (629)
• Summary 3- What nation did
Queen Liliuokalani preside
– Hawaii (independent country)
– Ha. Allowed westerners to
own land (Americans became
largest land owners)
• Summary 4- Explain how
here appearance shows that
she is not “inferior” to whites.
– Victorian dress (nice western
• Summary 5- How did she
lose her grip on power?
– Placed under house arrest by
US Marines stationed in Pearl
Hawaiian Annexation
– Why does the US want Hawaii?
– Pearl Harbor (Naval Base),
location (center of Pacific)
• Sugar- Am. Planters created ¾ of
Ha. wealth and brought new workers
(Chi.,Jap., Portuguese)
– Outnumbered Ha. 3:1
• US Planters- forced Ha. King to
change Const. to allow only wealthy
landowners (Americans) suffrage
(right to vote)
– Control of Ha. Gov. given to American
planters in HA.
• McKinley Tariff- tax on foreign
sugar in US
– How can Am. Planters in HA get around
this tariff?
OI- Spurning the Hawaiian Pear
4) What happened to Hawaii’s population that
allowed Americans to feel they should
dominate on Hawaii?
Hawaiians were the minority (died of
disease when westerners arrived)
5) How did Queen Liliuokalani upset
Americans in Hawaii?
Wanted Ha. to be able to vote (Seen as a
threat to Am planters)
Planters have US Marines arrest Queen
6) What was the President’s response after
American planters had taken over Hawaii?
Give Ha. Back (Pres. Cleveland realized
planters stole the country)
What do planters do next?
Republic of Ha (planters start their
own country, Stanford Dole- Pres)
Wait for a new Pres. Who will want
to annex HA
• ID- The Explosion of the Maine (631)
• Summary 6- How does this painting express “Yellow
– American sailors are prominently shown flying into the air
• Summary 7- What did this painting help leads the US into?
– Spanish/American War
Spanish-American War (1898)- Why does the US
choose to go to war w. Spain and not Eng, Fr, or Ger?
• Cuba- colony of Spain
– Cuba Libre- movement in US
to attract US support for
Cuban independence
• Reconcentradoconcentration camps in
Cuba created by Spain to
end Cuban Rev
• Why does the US choose to
go to war to free Cuba?
– Proximity- close to US
Oppression- Americans
upset Cubans are not free
– Yellow Journalism- created
American sympathy for Cuba
and will to fight
• OI- Cubans Rise in Revolt
• 7) Identify two reasons the US sided with the Cuban “insurrectos”
– US invested $50 mil in Cuba and earned $100 mil per year
• 8) How did William Randolph Hearst agitate Americans to demand war with
– Invented stories and dramatic paintings to fire up Americans to fight
• 9) What event finalized American desire to want to go to war with Spain?
– USS Maine-blown up killing 260 sailors(Hearst/ yellow journalism
blamed explosion on Sp.)
– DeLome Letter- by Sp. minister insulted Pres. McKinley (printed by
Hearst, upset Americans)
• ID- United States Expansion 1857-1917
• Summary 8-Identify two key colonies the US acquired in the
Pacific and Caribbean (4 total)
– Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guantanamo Bay
• Summary 9- What colony/present day state is not shown on this
map as a colony?
– Alaska
• Summary 10- What do you feel was the purpose for the US to
acquire so many islands? (Look at Mahan/?#3)
– Coaling Stations (pit stops to China)
– Panama Canal (control access to Panama)
Filipino Insurrection- Us promised Filipinos that if they
sided w the US against Spain in war, Phil. would be
given independence after war (US lied)
• Emilio Aguinaldo- leader of Filipinos
(looked up to US and George
• Decision to keep Phil.– Why should the US give up the
– Why should the US keep the
– Insurrection- 1900-1904- 65k US
troops sent to fight (5k US
soldiers die, 200,000 Filipinos)
• Buffalo Soldiers- Why were they
criticized by Filipinos for fighting
w US Army?
• ID- Uncle Sam and People from His Colonies (637)
• Summary 11- Why did many Americans not want people from newly
acquired colonies to become Americans?
– Not white, would they become Americans?
• America’s Course (Curse) of Empire
• 10) Why did many Americans have confused feelings about acquiring the
– Keep- Access to China, US with a major colony in Asia, won during war
– Against- Needs to be defended w US lives
• 11) Why were Americans like Mark Twain against acquiring land overseas in
regards to the Declaration of Independence?
– Country fought for independence against colonial oppressor England
(going against our core beliefs of freedom and liberty)
– 12) How was Rudyard Kipling’s poem used to have America annex land
(thing Social Gospel combined with Social Darwinism)
• White men have a responsibility to bring culture and civilization to
inferior people (white mans burden)
• McKinley- bring Christianity to Filipinos (Why is this a false

Ch 27 Insights P1