To What Extent should we Embrace Nationalism? Pursuit of national interests shapes foreign policy and vice versa. Yes? No? Effects on Austro-Hungry people after declaring war on Serbia in 1914? Personal security Economic prosperity Their culture Read p. 130, Fig 5-17, FYI Foreign Policy may have positive and negative effects. Example, in Peru … Government auctions land to foreign oil companies Good for jobs for Peruvians Some land belong to Mashco Piro and Nahua, indigenous peoples who shun outsiders Diseases brought by outside workers killed ½ of Nahua pop. Peruvian law allows government to overrule laws of indigenous people, if in best interest of all Peruvian people. Land was auctioned to Spanish and American oil companies 2007, UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples ensured … Such peoples have rights to territories and resources Such peoples to own, use, develop by reason of traditional ownership. What were the contending national interests in Peru? Read p. 131, fig. 5-18, 5-19, Voices Response of the UN re; 9/11 attacks Gave support to NATO NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization Attack on one member means an attack on all Invades Afghanistan and Taliban fall US leaves Afghanistan and invades Iraq Is Canada forced into peacemaking? Canadian reaction to this change in foreign policy? Read p. 132, fig. 5-20, 5-21 NATO focus … To help keep a democratic, self-sufficient society Rebuild … Afghanistan economy Political process Medical facilities Armed forces Police Taliban and Al-Qaeda interferes with NATO Canadian Women for Women in Afghanistan debated … Validity of Canada's mission Financial cost of mission Combat role of Canadian forces Threat to lives of Canadian forces Relationship with other NATO forces Length of the mission Canadian politicians disagreed in debate … Jack Layton, NDP stated … Michael Ignatieff, Liberal stated … Stephen Harper, PM stated … Figure 5-21 Opinion Poll Do Canadians support or oppose sending troops to Afghanistan? Main reason for involvement? Casualities … is it OK or is price too high? Taliban position … Girls not allowed to attend school Women not allowed to have careers NATO establishes Women's Ministry Taliban resistance Sima Simar, first minister of women’s ministry Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission Her position ‘ we started … ‘ Text page 135, # 4. Complete all five parts and use the cartoon and textbook to support your responses. Text page 129, # 1, 2, and 3. Complete all parts to each question. Text page 133, Taking Turns … give your opinion to the following questions, 1. Has Canadian foreign policy in Afghanistan supported the national interests of the Afghan people? 2. What does the discussion (read three opinions) show about the complications involved in balancing foreign policy decisions with the pursuit of national interest?