First Industrial Revolution

By: Merita A. Brian K. Quinton A. Danielle F.
Dean W.
 The industrial revolution is the era when power driven
machinery was introduced into the United States this was
during the 18th century. The first efficient American
machinery was built in 1791 by Samuel Slater.
 What conceptual breakthrough, used b y Eli Whitney to
produce rifles and the cotton gin, was vital to the first
industrial revolution in the US?
 Interchangeable parts, invented by Eli Whitney, was the key
to the industrial revolutions success. Before this
breakthrough if a part broke a replacement part might not fit
because all parts were hand-tooled and a replacement might
not be the exact same. Interchangeable parts made repair,
maintenance, and production much faster.
 Samuel Morse, A New England artist invented the telegraph which sent
messages in the code over a wire in a matter of seconds. Business’ used
it to reply up to date info on the prices and sales of their products. This
also helped the railroads keep track of the trains movements and warn
engineers of safety hazards.
 Coming soon were:
 John Deere steel plow for cultivating the tough prairie sod.
 Cyrus McCormick reaper harvesting grain in the south remained
agriculture and relied on such crops as cotton , tobacco , and rice.
 Lowell System- they get young women because they provide abunatant
source of labor and owners could pay lower wages to women.
 The mills were often dark, hot, and cramped. One of the mill managers
said “I regard my work people just as I regard my machinery. So as long
as they can do my work for what I choose to pay them, I keep them,
getting all I can, out of them .”
 Many workers started strikes but they often died down since they were
never organized. They were easily replaced by people who arrived
 People moved away from substance farming into
manufacturing jobs. Machine made products replaced
hand-made ones which lowered their cost but put the
people who did hand work out of business, giant
corporations and large labor unions came into being
both had great affect on government and the economy
( the jobs people do).
 Irish immigrants worked for less, worked hard.
 “Paddy camp” are crowded tents and shacks. They made the first
canals. The population contained mostly women. The condition was
pretty good in the beginning but it got bad because of the pay. They
were easily replaced also so it wasn't a problem firing them or the
women quitting. The business men, were willing to fire the women and
get others who worked for less and worked hard.
 1807: Robert Fulton steam boat era. Steam boats slashed shipping rates as well
as voyage time. This helped the water transport to travel throughout and
helped export goods such as lead, copper, and heavy machinery. The first steam
engine was called Clermont.
 They would often blowup if overloaded with wood in the boilers. The Sultan
blew up in April 1865, 17oo passengers died in the explosion including the
prisoners of the union army.
This map
of road,
 The trade union movement faced fierce opposition from bankers and
owners. Workers efforts to organize were at first hammered by court
decisions declaring strikes illegal. In 1842 the Massachusetts supreme court
supported the workers right to strike the case of the Commonwealth vs.
Hunt. In March 1842, Chief Justice Lemuel Shaw ruled that labor
combinations were legal provided that they were organized for a legal
purpose and used legal means to achieve their goals.
 Per capita income doubled
 Living standards improved for many
 New goods became cheaper, more affordable for
 ***wealth became concentrated in the hands of
fewer people
 Danzer, Gerald A. "3." The Americans. Evanston, IL:
McDougal Littell/Houghton Mifflin, 1998. 122-43.
 Kennedy, David M., Lizabeth Cohen, and Thomas
Andrew Bailey. "14." The American Pageant: A History
of the American People. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage
Learning, 2010. 297-311. Print.
 N.d. Google. Web. 24 Sept. 2014. <>.