Created by: Amani Gaddy and Ayanna
4 th period
 During the 6th century BCE, as Greece awoke from the
dark years of illiteracy and cultural deterioration,
Greek drama through plays emerged.
 The origins of Greek drama lie in religious celebrations
honoring the Greek deities during festivals or holy
 Many of the celebrations included elements of acting
and stagecraft.
 At some point, the emphasis shifted from reciting
stories about the gods to acting them out.
 According to a Greek legend, a prefamen named
Thespis invented the art of acting when he stepped
forward from the chorus and sand by himself, not
about the god but as the god.
 Actors today are called thespians to honor his
legendary contribution to drama.
3 types of Greek plays:
 Tragedy- serious playing dealing with the suffering and
trials of noble or heroic characters
 Comedies- humorous plays set mostly in invented
situations rather than in the world of myth or legend.
 Satyr- A blend of comedy and tragedy. The underlying
themes of the plays were a serious nature, but their
plots and tone were absurd and designed for humorous
 Order refers to the standard parts of a structure and
the arrangement in buildings.
 The Greeks developed 3 architectural orders.
 Doric
 Ionic
 Corinthian
 Doric Order:
 The basic order and first
to develop in the early
500 BCE
 It contains 3 main
divisions: stepped
platform, columns, and
 Ionic Order:
 Originated in the
islands of the Aegean
and Asia and was lighter
than the Doric.
 Columns were rested on
a carved base and was
more slender and
graceful than the Doric.
 It was used to support
 Corinthian Order:
 Developed in the late
400 BC.
 Looks like an upside
down bell decorated
with carvings of the
curly leaves of the
acanthus plant.
 Usually used for the
interior of buildings.
 Romans copied this idea
for important
 Greco Buddhist is characterized by the strong idealist
realism and sensuous descriptions of Hellenistic Art
and the first representation of Buddha in human form.
 The convergence effected the development in which
Hellenistic veneration for the body is combined with
Buddhist beliefs.
 It developed over a period of close to 2 years in Central
Asia between the conquest of Alexander the Great in
the 4th century BCE and Islamic conquest in the 7th
century CE.
 Used Corinthian, the
latest order for their
architectural building.
 Buddhists used the
typical Buddhist relief in
 Togas were a traditional
 Buddhists show humans
Roman garment
in loin cloths.
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