APUS Unit 4 Review PPTx

Unit 4
Key Concept 4.1
• The United States developed the world’s first
modern mass democracy and celebrated a
new national culture, while Americans sought
to define the nation’s democratic ideals and to
reform its institutions to match them.
Key Concept 4.2
• Developments in technology, agriculture, and
commerce precipitated profound changes in
U.S. settlement patterns, regional identities,
gender and family relations, political power,
and distribution of consumer goods.
Key Concept 4.3
• U.S. interest in increasing foreign trade,
expanding its national borders, and isolating
itself from European conflicts shaped the
nation’s foreign policy and spurred
government and private initiatives.
• The U.S. defined itself as a nation during this
• Rapid demographic, economic and territorial
• Development of mass democracy
• Birth of a new national culture
• Creation of a market economy
• Advancements in industry and transportation
• Development of new reform movements
• Conflict with Native Americans
• Nativism and Anti-foreignism
• Native Americans, African Americans and
women were not included in the new
• “The Revolution of 1800”
• Louisiana Purchase
– Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806)
• Increased geographic and scientific knowledge of the
region; better claim to Oregon territory
• Barbary Pirates
• Embargo Act (1807)
The War of 1812
• Non-intercourse Act (1809) and Macon’s Bill
No. 2 (1810)
• War Hawks
– Democratic-Republicans in Congress
– Many from the frontier states
– Wanted war with Britain- defend American honor;
gain Canada; remove Indian threat on frontier
• Hartford Convention
• The Treaty of Ghent
The Era of Good Feelings
Federalist Party collapsed
James Monroe President
1816 to about 1819
Issues such as tariff and sectionalism still
The Rise of the Common Man
• By the 1820s
• Shift to universal manhood suffrage
• Many states eliminated property
requirements for voting
• States began to allow voters to choose
representatives to the Electoral College as
opposed to state legislatures
• Influenced by Second Great Awakening
• Belief that humans could achieve
• Reformers looked to influence politics at the
local, state and national level
• Temperance
– Maine prohibited sale of alcohol in 1851
– Other states passed similar laws
• Abolition
• Prisons
• Asylums
Utopian Societies
• Some people sought to remove themselves
from society and establish communal societies
(both religious and non-religious) that would
be more perfect
• Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
– Founded by Joseph Smith and later led by Brigham
• Influenced by European Romanticism
• Emphasis on connection between man and
• Ralph Waldo Emerson
• Henry David Thoreau- “On Civil
Disobedience”- advocated passive resistance
as a form of protest