Rajeev Talwani Barbara Means: Technology and Education Reform SED 618 Multimedia and Instruction Dr. Kenneth Berry 1. In what ways are Means’ and Mayer’s philosophies alike? They both are interested in understanding how multimedia can be used to improve the learning environment. They are also interested in using our understanding of cognitive processes to achieve this end. 2. What are some of the points of the Reform movement in Education? Students should practice advanced skills with authentic and complex tasks that are meaningful and challenging. Also, students should take an active part in defining their learning goals and regulating their learning. Collaborative work is particularly helpful to students. The teacher should be a facilitator and coach rather than a dispenser of knowledge or a director. 3. Describe how using technology helps the Reform movement. Give at least one specific example that was used in the text. Technology can be used to help students explore things they are interested in. The DVI project at Bank Street College allows students to take a simulated journey through a Mayan archeological site. 4. How is this going to be incorporated into the classroom? Discuss what Means describes as “Points of Light.” “Points of Light” are superhero teachers who donate their time and resources to create new curriculum materials. This represents a bottom-up approach to bringing technology and reform to schools – the teachers do all the work. Like the top-down model (imposing change on teachers and students from administration), it is unlikely to be successful. Teachers need to experiment and develop uses for technology and approaches to reform but they need to be supported.