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Public Speaking Skills

Public Speaking
Purposes of Presentations
Describe a product, an invention, a place, people (e.g. myself, a
famous person)
Narrate important events (e.g. historical events, natural disasters and
their causes/effects, etc.)
Persuade by presenting arguments for & against an issue, expressing
our opinion on an issue, stating a problem & suggesting solutions,
political discussions, campaigns, etc.
Communicate in panels, debates, conferences, etc.
How to Structure a Presentation
Introduction, in which we greet the audience and introduce
ourselves and introduce the topic
Main body, in which we present the main points.
Conclusion, in which we summarize the main points.
Opening/Closing Techniques
Address the audience by asking a questions e.g. Who is your
Use a quotation/saying e.g. AS a native American proverb goes,
“Only when the last tree has died and the last river been poisoned
and the last fish been caught will we realize we cannot eat money.”
Ask a rhetorical question e.g. Doesn’t everyone want to be as polite
as possible when meeting people for the first time?
Make a statement e.g. The people we admire most are those who
have done incredible things to improve the world for everyone.
Narrate a personal or general story e.g. The first time I tried a home
remedy for a sore throat, I wasn’t sure it would work. However, …
Opening/Closing Techniques Pt2
Set the scene and stimulate emotions e.g. Picture this: you’re
walking around your neighborhood. The streets are dirty and littered.
Use visuals (photos, charts, pictures, films, etc.) e.g. Look at this
video showing…
Use humour (a joke, a riddle, etc.)
Use a rhyme or a short poem e.g. “Unless someone like you cares an
awful lot, nothing is going to get better. It’s not.”
ENDING: Use a quotation/saying e.g. After all, as the American
writer Bill Kelly once said, “Good manners are just a a way of
showing other people that we have respect for them.”
Opening/Closing Techniques Pt3
Ask a rhetorical question e.g. In the end, doesn’t everyone admire a
person who makes a difference in their community?
Make a statement e.g. Ultimately, it’s clear that the benefits of
voluntourism make it a rewarding holiday for anyone.
Narrate a personal or general story e.g. So, even though Mark
Zuckerberg first made his website for …
Stimulate emotions e.g. Finally, going on a volunteering holiday will
not only give you a feeling of pride…
Ask a ‘what if’ question e.g. What if we don’t act now? What will
happen to us and our wildlife?
Use a rhyme or a short poem e.g. Eat healthy food, breathe deep
and laugh until you cry.
Inspirational Figures
Organizing Ideas
Plan & Useful Language